Insurance

Insurance Ordinance 2000 in Pakistan

Insurance Ordinance
Table of Contents
Insurance Ordinance 2000 – Text
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INSURANCE ORDINANCE, 2000
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I
PRELIMINARY
1. Short title, extent and commencement
2. Definitions
3. Division of insurance business into life and non-life
4. Classes of life and non-life business

PART II
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO INSURERS
5. Persons eligible to transact insurance business
6. Registration of insurers
7. Commission may register insurer upon satisfaction
8. Inspection and supply of copies filed with Commission
9. Duration and revocation of registration
10. Notification of grant or revocation of registration
11. Conditions imposed on registered insurers
12. Criteria for sound and prudent management
13. Restriction on issue of certain life policies
PART III
STATUTORY FUNDS OF AND
OTHER SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES
14. Statutory and other funds of life insurance companies
15. Establishment of statutory fund
16. Policies to be referable to specific statutory funds
17. Assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of funds
18. Disposition of assets of statutory funds
19. Prohibition on reinsurance between statutory funds
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20. Capital payments to life insurance statutory funds
21. Distribution of capital in a life insurance statutory fund
22. Allocation of surplus on life insurance business
23. Restriction on dividends and bonuses
24. Declaration of interim bonuses
25. Transitional provisions
26. Appointed actuary
27. Responsibilities of appointed actuary

PART IV
REQUIREMENTS AS TO CAPITAL AND STATUTORY DEPOSITS
28. Requirements as to capital
29. Deposits
30. Reservation of deposits
31. Refund of deposits

PART V
SOLVENCY REQUIREMENTS
32. Admissible assets
33. Assets and liabilities in Pakistan
34. Valuation of assets and liabilities
35. Net admissible assets of life insurers
36. Insurers of non-life insurance business to have assets in excess of minimum solvency
requirement
37. Prohibition of loan
38. Liability of directors, etc for loss due to contraventions of sections 35, 36 or 37
39. Assets of insurer how to be kept
PART VI
REINSURANCE ARRANGEMENTS
40. Special definitions and conditions applicable to this Part
41. Requirement to effect and maintain reinsurance arrangements
42. Compulsory cession
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43. Premiums and statements
44. Rules and regulations for the administration of compulsory reinsurances
PART VII
ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT
45. Books and records
46. Accounting and reporting
47. Compliance with companies laws relating to accounts, reports, etc.
48. Audit
49. Special audit
50. Actuarial report
51. Submission of returns
52. Exemption from certain provisions of the Companies Ordinance, 1984
53. Furnishing reports
54. Abstract of proceedings of general meetings
55. Custody and inspection of documents and supply of copies
56. Power of Commission regarding returns
57. Power of Commission to order actuarial report
58. Evidence of documents
PART VIII
INVESTIGATION, DIRECTIVES, ETC.
59. Power of Commission to order investigation
60. Power of the Commission to give directions to the insurer
61. Power of Commission to call for information and access
62. Power of Commission to require plan
63. Power of Commission to issue direction to cease entering into new contracts of insurance
64. Power to require calling of meeting of directors etc.
65. Power to remove Chairman, Director, etc. of the insurer
66. Power to prescribe maximum levels of acquisition costs and maximum levels of
management expenses
PART IX
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AMALGAMATION AND TRANSFER
OF INSURANCE BUSINESS
67. Approval of acquisition or transfer
68. Amalgamation and transfer of life insurance business.
69. Sanction of amalgamation and transfer by Court.
70. Statements required after amalgamation and transfer
PART X
ASSIGNMENT OR TRANSFER OF POLICIES
AND
NOMINATION
71. Assignment and transfer of life insurance policies
72. Nomination by policy holder
73. Nomination under group life policies

PART XI
MARKET CONDUCT
74. Application of this Part only to direct insurance business
75. Duty of utmost good faith
76. Insurer not to engage in misleading or deceptive conduct
77. Construction of ambiguities in favour of policy holder
78. Exclusion of provisions of Ordinance void; an offence
79. Remedies for non-disclosure or misrepresentation
80. Policy not to be called in question on ground of mis-statement after two years
81. Tribunal may disregard avoidance in certain circumstances
82. Cancellation of a life insurance policy for fraudulent claim
83. Power of the Commission to prescribe rules for market conduct
84. Commission to have power to undertake compliance visits
85. Commission to have power to require a survey to be performed
86. Contractual stipulations for placing insurance with specific or named insurers
87. Provisions when not to constitute discrimination
PART XII
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SURRENDER, LAPSE AND FORFEITURE OF
CERTAIN LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES
88. Special definitions and interpretation for this Part
89. Acquisition of surrender value
90. Surrender of policy at policy holder’s option
91. Surrender of policy at insurer’s option
92. Paid-up policy at policy holder’s option
93. Non-forfeiture
PART XIII
INTERMEDIARIES
94. This Part to apply only to direct insurance business
95. Liability of Insurer for act or omissions of agent
96. Persons acting as agents
97. Minimum qualifications for agents
98. Insurer to maintain register of agents
99. Payments by and to insurance agents
100. Duty to disclose agency
101. Restriction on life insurance agents, becoming directors of life insurance companies
102. Insurance brokers to be licensed
103. Brokers to be presumed agents under certain circumstances; liability of brokers when not
so presumed
104. Ownership and management interests inter se of brokers and insurers prohibited
105. Broker’s duty to disclose relationships
106. Payments by and to insurance brokers
107. Requirements in respect of persons ceasing to act as insurance brokers
108. Basis for payment of remuneration by insurers to insurance brokers
109. Insurance brokers to report annually to Commission
110. Power to inspect insurance agents and insurance brokers

111. Persons permitted to act as insurance surveyors
112. Licensing of insurance surveyors
113. Registration of authorised surveying officers
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114. Classes of insurance surveying
PART XIV
SPECIAL PROVISIONS OF LAW
115. Application of Pakistan law to policies issued in Pakistan
116. Payment of money into Tribunal
117. Small Disputes Resolution Committees
118. Payment of liquidated damages on late settlement of claims
119. Supply of copies of proposals and medical reports
120. Prohibition of business on dividing principle

PART XV
INSURANCE TRIBUNAL
121. Constitution of the Tribunal
122. Powers of Tribunal
123. Procedure of the Tribunal
124. Appeal
PART XVI
INSURANCE OMBUDSMAN
125. Appointment of Insurance Ombudsman
126. Terms and conditions of Insurance Ombudsman
127. Jurisdiction, functions and powers of Insurance Ombudsman
128. Reference to Insurance Ombudsman by Court
129. Procedure for making complaints
130. Recommendations for implementation
131. Power to call for information
132. Duties of insurers
133. Duty and power of the Insurance Ombudsman to report to the Commission
134. Report of Insurance Ombudsman

PART XVII
APPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATORS
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135. When Administrator for management of insurance business may be appointed
136. Powers and duties of the Administrator
137. Powers of Administrator respecting property liable to attachment under section 160
138. Cancellation of contracts and agreement
139. Termination of appointment of Administrator
140. Finality of decision of appointing Administrator
141. Penalty for withholding document or property from Administrator
142. Protection of action taken under sections 135 to 139

PART XVIII
WINDING UP
143. Winding up by the Court
144. Voluntary winding up
145. Court may order continuation of life insurance business
146. Court may appoint special manager of life insurance business
147. Court may appoint independent actuary
148. Powers of Court to reduce contracts of life insurance
149. Commission empowered to apply for directions
150. Commission entitled to notice and hearing
151. Commission entitled to obtain information
152. Determination of insurance liabilities
153. Application of statutory fund assets
154. Winding up secondary companies
155. Return of deposits
PART XIX
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
156. Penalty for default in complying with, or acting in contravention of this Ordinance
157. Penalty for transacting insurance business in contravention of sections 5, 6 and 29
158. Penalty for false statement in document
159. Wrongfully obtaining or withholding property
160. Power of Tribunal to order restoration of property of insurer or compensation in certain
cases
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161. Notice to Commission and hearing
162. Previous sanction of Commission for institution of proceedings
163. Power of Court to grant relief
PART XX
MISCELLANEOUS
164. Service of notices
165. Insurance of interests in Pakistan
166. Insurance of public property
PART XXI
RULES AND REGULATIONS
167. Power to make rules and regulations
PART XXII
REPEAL AND SAVINGS
168. Repeal
169. Repealed Act to apply to certain insurers ceasing to enter into new contracts before
commencement of this Ordinance
170. Savings
171. Exemptions
172. Removal of difficulties

AN
ORDINANCE
To regulate the business of the insurance industry to ensure the
protection of the interests of insurance policy holders and to promote
sound development of the insurance industry and for matters
connected therewith and incidental thereto;
WHEREAS, it is expedient to repeal and re-enact the law
relating to the business of insurance;
AND WHEREAS the National Assembly and the Senate stand
suspended in pursuance of Proclamation of Emergency of the
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fourteenth day of October, 1999, and the Provisional Constitution
Order No. 1 of 1999;
AND WHEREAS the President is satisfied that circumstances
exist which render it necessary to take immediate action;
NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of the proclamation of
Emergency of the fourteenth day of October, 1999, and Provisional
Constitution Order No. 1 of 1999, as well as Order No. 9 of 1999, and
in exercise of all powers enabling him in that behalf, the President of
the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is pleased to make and promulgate
the following Ordinance:-

PART I
PRELIMINARY

1. Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This Ordinance may be
called the Insurance Ordinance, 2000.
(2) It extends to the whole of Pakistan.
(3) It shall come into force at once.

2. Definitions.- In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the
subject or context,-
(i) “actuary” means a person possessing such actuarial qualifications as may
be prescribed;
(ii) “appointed actuary” means the actuary required to be appointed by a life
insurer pursuant to the provisions of section 26 of this Ordinance;
(iii) “approved securities” means Government securities, and any other
security charged on the revenues of the Federal Government or of a
Provincial Government, or guaranteed fully as regards principal and
profit or return (however called or designated) by the Federal
Government or a Provincial Government; and any debenture or other
security for money issued under the authority of any Act of the Federal
Legislature or any Provincial Legislature by or on behalf of the trustees
of the port of Karachi; any security issued under the authority of any Act
of Parliament or of a Provincial Assembly; and any security specified as
an approved security for the purpose of this Ordinance by the Federal
Government by notification in the official Gazette;
(iv) “approved auditor” means an auditor approved by the Commission for
the purpose of performing the functions assigned to auditors under this
Ordinance;
(v) “auditor” means a person qualified under the provisions of section 254 of
the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), to act as an auditor of
companies;
(vi) “authorised person” means, in the case of a company, a director,
including the chief executive, (by whatever name called), or in the case of
insurers being bodies corporate incorporated outside Pakistan and
continuing business as such after the commencement of this Ordinance,
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the closest comparable equivalent thereto, under the laws of the place of
incorporation of such foreign body corporate;
(vii) “banking company” has the meaning assigned to the term in clause (a) of
section 2 of the Banking Companies (Recovery of Loans, Advances,
Credits and Finances) Act, 1997 (XV of 1997);
(viii) “base rate” means the effective annual rate implied by the most recent
repurchase rate that is published from time to time in a circular issued by the
Securities Department of the State Bank of Pakistan for six months Pakistan
Treasury Bills, or, if such rate is not available, the most recent repurchase
rate for six months Short Term Federal Bonds, or, if neither of such rates is
available, the most recent repurchase rate for any other short term paper
issued by the Federal Government of an approximately similar tenor,
whether in addition to or in substitution for any of the foregoing;
(ix) “Board” means the Policy Board established under section 12 of the
SECP Act;
(x) “borrower” has the meaning assigned to the term in clause (c) of section 2
of the Banking Companies (Recovery of Loans, Advances, Credits and
Finances) Act, 1997 (XV of 1997);
(xi) “certified” in relation to any copy or translation of a document required to
be furnished by or on behalf of an insurer means certified by an
authorised person on behalf of such insurer to be a true copy or a correct
translation, as the case may be;
(xii) “class of business” means a classification of insurance business having
similar characteristics, into which life insurance or non-life insurance
may be divided;
(xiii) “Commission” means the Securities and Exchange Commission of
Pakistan constituted under section 3 of the SECP Act;
(xiv) “company” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (7) of sub-section (1)
of section 2 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 and includes an existing
company as defined in clause (15) of sub- section (1) of section 2 of the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984);
(xv) “continuous disability contract” means a contract under which a benefit is
payable in the event of:
(i) the death, by a cause specified in the contract, of the person
whose life is insured (the “insured”); or
(ii) injury to, or disability of, the insured as a result of accident
or sickness; or
(iii) the insured being found to have a specified medical
condition or disease;
(xvi) “Court” means the principal civil Court of original jurisdiction in a
District, and includes a High Court in exercise of its ordinary civil
jurisdiction; and in relation to Part IX and Part XVIII, shall have the
meaning as in section 7 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of
1984);

(xvii) “customer” has the meaning assigned to the term in clause (d) of section
2 of the Banking Companies (Recovery of Loans, Advances, Credits and
Finances) Act, 1997 (XV of 1997);
(xviii) “direct”, in relation to the business of insurance, means insurance other
than reinsurance;
(xix) “domestic insurance policy” means a contract of insurance that provides
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insurance cover in respect of loss of or damage to a building used
primarily and principally as a residence for the policy holder, for persons
with whom the policy holder has a family or personal relationship, or for
both the policy holder and such persons, or loss of or damage to the
contents of such a building, or both;
(xx) “duly attested” means attested in the manner required for financial or
future obligations by Article 17 of the Qanun-e-Shahadat Order, 1984
(P.O. 10 of 1984);
(xxi) “electronic media” includes the internet, radio, television, tapes, cassettes,
all forms of electronic recording media including computer diskettes and
CD-ROMs;
(xxii) “encumbrance” in relation to any property, movable or immovable,
means any mortgage, charge (fixed or floating), hypothecation, pledge,
assignment or transfer by way of security, or any other form of security
or ownership interest less than absolute legal and beneficial ownership;
(xxiii) “eligible person” means a person specified in clauses (a) and (b) of subsection (1) of section 5;
(xxiv) “finance” has the meaning assigned to the term in clause (e) of section 2
of the Banking Companies (Recovery of Loans, Advances, Credits and
Finances) Act, 1997 (XV of 1997);.
(xxv) “Government securities” means Government securities as defined in the
Securities Act,1920 (X of 1920);
(xxvi) “group” in relation to contracts of life insurance, including health
insurance, means contracts having a term not dependent on the
termination or continuation of human life, under which the benefits are
payable to a member of a group defined in the contract on the happening
to that member during the term of the contract of a contingency defined
in the contract, not being a contingency which is bound to happen;
(xxvii) “insurance” means the business of entering into and carrying out policies
or contracts, by whatever name called, whereby, in consideration of a
premium received, a person promises to make payment to another person
contingent upon the happening of an event, specified in the contract, on
the happening of which the second-named person suffers loss, and
includes reinsurance and retrocession:
Provided that a contract of life insurance shall be deemed to be a
contract of insurance notwithstanding that it may not comply with
the definition set out in this clause;
(xxviii) “insurance broker” means a person carrying on the business of insurance
broking;
(xxix) “insurance broking” means the arrangement of insurance for reward by a
person other than an agent of an insurance company;
(xxx) “Insurance Ombudsman” means the officer appointed by the Federal
Government under section 125;
(xxxi) “insurer” means:
(i) any company or other body corporate carrying on the business of
insurance, which is a company or other body corporate incorporated
under any law for the time being in force in Pakistan; and
(ii) any body corporate incorporated under the law of any jurisdiction
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outside Pakistan carrying on insurance business which carries on that
business in Pakistan.
(xxxii) “investment contract” means a contract of insurance, providing for
benefits to be paid on death or on a specified date or dates before death
where the benefits paid are calculated by reference to either a running
account or units under the contract whether or not the minimum value of
that account or those units is guaranteed and providing for the account to
be increased during the currency of the contract;
(xxxiii) “investment-linked” in relation to life insurance means investment
contracts, the principal object of which is the provision of benefits
calculated by reference to units, the value of which is related to the
market value of a specified class or group of assets of the party by whom
the benefits are to be provided;
(xxxiv) “lender” means a person inside or outside Pakistan carrying on the
business of advancing money by way of loans or finance and includes a
banking company;
(xxxv) “listed company” means a company, a body corporate or corporation
(including a body corporate or corporation incorporated outside Pakistan)
or other body whose securities are allowed to be traded on a stock
exchange (inside or outside Pakistan);
(xxxvi) “loan” has the meaning assigned to the term in clause (f) of section 2 of
the Banking Companies (Recovery of Loans, Advances, Credits and
Finances) Act, 1997 (XV of 1997);
(xxxvii) “managing agent” has the meaning ascribed to that term in section 206 of
the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984);
(xxxviii) “member of the family” in relation to any person, means the husband or a
wife, the dependent father, mother, brother or sister, or a minor son or
unmarried daughter of that person;
(xxxix) “mutual insurance company” means an insurer, being a company
incorporated under the law of Pakistan or any country or state other than
Pakistan, which has no share capital and of which, by its constitution,
only and all policy holders are members;
(xl) “National Insurance Corporation” means the corporation established
under the National Insurance Corporation Act, 1976;
(xli) “officer” has the meaning assigned to that expression in clause (24) of
sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of
1984);
(xlii) “Pakistan Insurance Corporation” means the corporation established
under the Pakistan Insurance Corporation Act, 1952 (XXXVIII of 1952);
(xliii) “participating”, in reference to life insurance business, means contracts of
life insurance, other than investment-linked contracts, health contracts,
group life contracts and group health contracts, under the terms and
conditions of which the policy holder has an entitlement to participate in
distributions by the life insurer of profits or surpluses;
Explanation: a benefit paid under a policy is not a distribution of
profit or surplus if the benefit is determined according to the terms
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and conditions of the contract and is not subject to the exercise of
discretion by the insurer;
(xliv) “permanent capital fund” means a fund that is established in the records
of a life insurance company not having a share capital, and which
contains that part of the assets and liabilities of a life insurer which is
attributed to it and is not attributed to any statutory fund maintained by
that life insurer;
(xlv) “policy” means a contract of insurance;
(xlvi) “policy holder” means the person to whom a policy is issued or, in the
case of a policy of life insurance, the person to whom the whole of the
interest of the policy holder in the policy is assigned once and for all, but
does not include an assignee thereof whose interest in the policy is
defeasible or is for the time being subject to any condition;
(xlvii) “policyholder liability”, in relation to life insurance, means:
(i) a liability that has arisen under a policy of life insurance; or
(ii) a liability that, subject to the terms and conditions of a
policy, will arise on the happening of an event, or at a time,
specified in the policy;
(xlviii) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under section 167;
(xlix) “private motor property damage policy” means a contract of insurance
that provides insurance cover in respect of loss of or damage to a motor
vehicle or of the contents of a motor vehicle used primarily and
principally as a means of private transport by the policy holder, by
persons with whom the policy holder has a family or personal
relationship, or by both the policy holder and such persons;
(l) “private company” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (28) of subsection (1) of section 2 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of
1984);
(li) “public company” has the meaning assigned to that expression in clause
(30) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984
(XLVII of 1984), or an existing company which is not a private company
or a subsidiary of a private company;
(lii) “reinsurance” means a contract of insurance under which the event,
specified in the contract, contingent upon the happening of which,
payment is promised to be made to the policy holder thereunder, is
payment by the policy holder of a claim or claims made against that
policy holder under another contract or contracts of insurance issued by
that policy holder;
(liii) “regulations” means regulations made under this Ordinance.
(liv) “repealed Act” means the Insurance Act, 1938 (IV of 1938);
(lv) “retrocession” means a contract of reinsurance under which the event,
specified in the contract, contingent upon the happening of which,
payment is promised to be made to the policy holder thereunder, is
payment by the policy holder of a claim or claims made under another
contract or contracts of reinsurance issued by that policy holder;
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(lvi) “rules” means rules made under this Ordinance.
(lvii) “scheduled bank” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (m) of section
2 of the State Bank of Pakistan Act, 1956 (XXXIII of 1956);
(lviii) “SECP Act” means the Securities and Exchange Commission of Pakistan
Act, 1997 (XLII of 1997);
(lix) “shareholders’ fund” means a fund that is established in the records of a
life insurance company and which contains that part of the assets and
liabilities of a life insurer which is attributed to it and is not attributed to
any statutory fund maintained by that life insurer;
(lx) “State Life Insurance Corporation” means the corporation established
under Article 11 of the Life Insurance (Nationalization) Order, 1972
(P.O. 10 of 1972);
(lxi) “statutory fund” means a fund that is established in the records of a life
insurer and which relates solely to the life insurance business of that life
insurer or a particular part of that life insurance business.
(lxii) “subsidiary” or “subsidiary company” has the meaning assigned to it in
clause (38) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Companies Ordinance,
1984 (XLVII of 1984);
(lxiii) “surveyor” means a person (by whatever name called) who examines the
goods, property or any interests insured under a contract of non-life
insurance to express an independent opinion as to the cause, extent,
location and amount of any loss incurred or claimed to be incurred under
that contract;
(lxiv) “Takaful” means a scheme based on mutual assistance in compliance
with the provisions of Islamic shariah, and which provides for mutual
financial aid and assistance to the participants in case of occurrence of
certain contingencies and whereby the participants mutually agree to
contribute to the common fund for that purpose;
(lxv) “Tribunal” means the Tribunal constituted under section 121 of this
Ordinance; and
(lxvi) “unit”, except in section 32, means a notional share in the net value of a
specified class or group of assets of a statutory fund of an insurer carrying
on life insurance business, the value of which is to be used as a basis for
determination of the benefits payable under an investment linked
contract.

3. Division of insurance business into life and non-life.- (1) For the
purposes of this Ordinance insurance business is divided into life
insurance business and non-life insurance business.
(2) Subject to sub-sections (3), (4) and (5), the effecting and carrying out
of any or all of the following type of contracts shall constitute the
carrying on of life insurance business; namely:-
(a) a contract of insurance that provides for the payment of
money on the death of a person or on the happening of a
contingency dependent on the termination or continuance of
human life;
(b) a contract of insurance that is subject to payment of
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premiums for a term dependent on the termination or
continuance of human life;
(c) a contract of insurance that provides for the payment of an
annuity for a term dependent on the continuance of human
life;
(d) a contract that provides for the payment of an annuity for a
term not dependent on the continuance of human life but
exceeding the period of one year;
(e) a contract providing an indemnity for medical expenses;
(f) a continuous disability income contract;
(g) an investment contract; and
(h) such contracts as may be prescribed.
(3) Notwithstanding anything in this Ordinance to the contrary, the
effecting and carrying out of a contract whose principal object is one of
life insurance business, but which contains related and subsidiary
provisions of a non-life insurance nature, shall be taken to constitute the
carrying on of life insurance business.
(4) Notwithstanding anything in this Ordinance to the contrary, the
effecting and carrying out of a contract that provides for the payment of
money on the death of a person shall not constitute the carrying on of life
insurance if the contract is effected and carried out by an insurer who is
registered to carry on non-life insurance business; and both of the
following conditions exist:
(a) by the terms of the contract, the duration of the contract is
to be not more than one year; and
(b) payment is only to be made in the event of death by
accident.
(5) Notwithstanding anything in this Ordinance to the contrary, the
effecting and carrying out of a contract that provides for the payment of
money in the event of a person suffering loss, other than death,
attributable to accident, sickness or infirmity shall not constitute the
carrying on of life insurance if the contract is effected and carried out by
an insurer who is registered to carry on non-life insurance business; and
by the terms of the contract, the duration of the contract is to be not more
than one year.
(6) All contracts of insurance which are not, in accordance with the
provisions of the foregoing sub-sections, classified as life insurance
contracts, shall be classified as non-life insurance contracts.

4. Classes of life and non-life business.- (1)For the purposes of this
Ordinance, the following shall be the classes of business into which life
insurance business is divided:
(a) Class 1 being ordinary life business;
(b) Class 2 being capital redemption business;
(c) Class 3 being pension fund business; and
(d) Class 4 being accident and health business.
(2) For the purposes of sub-section (1) –
(a) “ordinary life business” means effecting and carrying out
contracts of life insurance other than contracts included in
Class 2, Class 3 or Class 4;
(b) “capital redemption business” means effecting and carrying
out capital redemption contracts;
(c) “pension fund business” means effecting and carrying out
contracts of life insurance that are maintained for the
purposes of a pension or retirement scheme and are owned
by trustees under the scheme; and
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(d) “accident and health business” means effecting and
carrying out contracts of insurance providing fixed
pecuniary benefits or benefits in the nature of indemnity or
a combination of both, against risks of the policy holder or
a person for whose benefit the contract was made –
(i) sustaining injury as a result of an accident;
(ii) becoming incapacitated in consequence of an
accident or disease; or
(iii) suffering loss, including medical expenses,
attributable to accident, sickness or infirmity
(3) For the purposes of this Ordinance, the following shall be the classes of
business into which non-life insurance business is divided:
(a) for direct and facultative reinsurance business;
(i) Class 1 being fire and property damage business;
(ii) Class 2 being marine, aviation and transport
business;
(iii) Class 3 being motor third party compulsory
business;
(iv) Class 4 being liability business;
(v) Class 5 being workers’ compensation business;
(vi) Class 6 being credit and suretyship business;
(vii) Class 7 being accident and health business; and
(viii) Class 8 being agriculture insurance including crop
insurance;
(ix) Class 9 being miscellaneous business;
(b) for treaty reinsurance business:
(i) Class 9 being proportional treaty business; and
(ii) Class 10 being non-proportional treaty business.
(4) For the purposes of sub-section (3).-
(a) “fire and property damage business” means effecting and carrying
out contracts of insurance against loss to the policy holder arising
from loss of or damage to property, other than as contained in
class2;
(b) “marine, aviation and transport business” means effecting
and carrying out contracts of insurance against loss to the
policy holder arising from:
(i) loss of or damage to, or arising out of or in
connection with the use of:
(a) means of transport, including motor vehicles
and railway rolling stock used on land,
vessels used on the sea or on inland waters,
and aircraft; or
(b) the machinery, tackle, furniture or equipment
of those means of transport;
including third party risks and carrier’s liability but
excluding risks contained in class 3 or class 5: or
(ii) loss of or damage to merchandise, baggage and all
other goods in transit, irrespective of the form of
transport;
(c) “motor third party compulsory business” means effecting
and carrying out contracts of insurance against loss to the
policy holder arising from liabilities incurred to third
parties arising out of or in connection with the use of motor
vehicles on land, as specified in the Motor Vehicles Act,
1939 (IV of 1939);
(d) “liability business” means effecting and carrying out
contracts of insurance against loss to the policy holder
arising from liabilities incurred to third parties, other than
in respect of risks specified in class 2, class 3 or class 5;
(e) “workers’ compensation business” means effecting and
carrying out contracts of insurance against loss to the
17
policy holder arising from liabilities incurred to workers
arising out of or in connection with the employment of the
workers by the insured persons;
(f) “credit and suretyship business” means effecting and
carrying out:
(i) contracts of insurance against loss to the policy
holder arising from failure, whether through
insolvency or otherwise, of debtors to pay debts
when they fall due; or
(ii) contracts of insurance against loss to the policy
holder arising from his having to perform contracts
of guarantee entered into by him; or
(iii) contracts for fidelity bonds, performance bonds,
administration bonds, bail bonds, custom bonds or
similar contracts of guarantee;
(g) “accident and health business” means effecting and
carrying out contracts of insurance, the duration of which
under the contract is not more than one year, providing
fixed pecuniary benefits or benefits in the nature of
indemnity or a combination of both, against risks of the
policy holder or a person for whose benefit the contract
was made;
(i) sustaining injury as a result of an accident;
(ii) dying as a result of an accident;
(iii) becoming incapacitated in consequence of a disease;
or
(iv) suffering loss, including medical expenses,
attributable to sickness or infirmity;
but excluding contracts of a type included in class 5;
(h) “agriculture insurance” means effecting and carrying out
contracts of insurance against loss to the policyholder
arising from loss of or damage to agriculture related
property including crops;
(i) “miscellaneous business” means effecting and carrying out
contracts of insurance of types not included in any other
class;
(j) “proportional treaty business” means effecting and carrying
out of contracts of treaty reinsurance, whether obligatory or
otherwise, of such a nature that a proportion of premium or
of a separately identified part of premium on insurance
contracts which are the subject matter of the treaty is
payable to the reinsurer by the cedant and an identical
proportion of claims or of a separately identified part of
claims on those contracts is payable to the cedant by the
reinsurer, and including without limitation treaties of
quota-share and surplus classifications; and
(k) “non-proportional treaty business” means effecting and
carrying out of contracts of treaty reinsurance, not being
contracts of a type included in Class 9.
(5) The Commission may, by rules, prescribe sub-classes of business into
which any of those set out in sub-section (1) and sub-section (3) may be
divided.
(6) The Federal Government may, by rules, prescribe any class of business
set out in sub-section (1) or sub-section (3), or sub-class of business
prescribed under sub-section (5), as a restricted class or sub-class as the
case may be.
PART II
18
PROVISIONS APPLICABLE TO INSURERS

5. Persons eligible to transact insurance business.-. (1) After the
commencement date no person other than:
(a) a public company; or
(b) a body corporate incorporated under the laws of Pakistan
(not being a private company or the subsidiary of a private
company);
shall start any insurance business in Pakistan.
(2) After the commencement date no person other than an eligible person
or the branch of a body corporate incorporated in any jurisdiction outside
Pakistan, which, immediately before the commencement of this
Ordinance, was registered to carry on and was carrying on such business
in Pakistan, shall, after the expiry of one year from such commencement,
continue such business.
(3) An insurer, being a body corporate incorporated in a jurisdiction outside
Pakistan and registered to carry on and carrying on insurance business in
Pakistan at the commencement of this Ordinance, may, within six months
of such commencement take steps to transfer the business of such an
insurer to a new public company pursuant to a scheme of arrangement
under the provisions of sections 284 to 287 of the Companies Ordinance,
1984 and the applicable provisions of this Ordinance, and all such
provisions shall apply mutatis mutandis as if the business in Pakistan of
such an insurer is being carried on by a public company incorporated in
Pakistan.

6. Registration of insurers.- (1) No eligible person shall, after the
commencement of this Ordinance, begin or, after the expiry of six
months from the commencement date, continue, to carry on any
insurance business in Pakistan, unless such eligible person has obtained
from the Commission a certificate of registration to carry on insurance
business under this Ordinance, and that registration has not been revoked.
(2) A certificate of registration issued to an insurer under section 3 or
section 3A of the repealed Act shall be deemed, for the purposes of this
section, to constitute registration under this Ordinance, during the period
until the expiry of such existing registration or one year from the
commencement date for this section whichever is earlier; and National
Insurance Corporation, Pakistan Insurance Corporation and State Life
Insurance Corporation shall be deemed, for the purposes of this section,
to have been so registered, such registration to continue until one year
from the commencement date.
(3) During the period of six months from the commencement date, the
Commission may on the application of an insurer registered under the
repealed Act as at the commencement date extend, for the purposes of
this section, the validity of the certificate of registration held by the
insurer for a period not exceeding six months from the date on which that
certificate of registration would otherwise have expired.
(4) An eligible person required to register under this Ordinance, may make
an application to the Commission for registration as a person authorised
to carry on life insurance business or non-life insurance business as the
case may be.
(5) An application for registration shall be made in writing, in either the
English or the Urdu language and shall be signed by authorised persons
19
on behalf of an eligible person.
(6) An application for registration shall contain such information and shall
be accompanied by such documents, reports, certificates and other
matters as may be prescribed.
(7) An application for registration made by an insurer carrying on
insurance business at the commencement date shall include a plan for the
achievement of compliance by the insurer with the paid-up capital and
solvency levels set out in Part IV and Part V of this Ordinance by the
dates set out in those Parts.
(8) An application for registration as a person authorised to carry on life
insurance business shall in all cases include or be accompanied by:
(a) a statement of the rates, advantages, terms and conditions
of life insurance policies proposed to be offered by the
applicant, including without limitation where the policy
acquires a surrender value, the basis on which the surrender
value is determined, and including without limitation in the
case of investment-linked policies a description of:
(i) the investments to which the policy is linked;
(ii) the basis on which the benefits payable under the
policy are determined;
(iii) the frequency with which and basis by which the
unit values are determined; and the values attributed
to units at the time of purchase and sale;
(iv) the basis by which values are attributed to units at
the time of and for the purpose of purchase and sale;
(v) the basis on which expenses attributed to the policy
are determined; and
(vi) the basis on which charges for mortality attributed
to the policy are determined;
(b) a business plan setting out the expected premium income,
expenses and results of the applicant for a period of not less
than ten years from the date at which authorisation is
proposed to be obtained;
(c) a copy of any written, electronic or other material proposed
to be issued by the applicant for mass communication or
for communication with a policy holder or prospective
policy holder, in respect of life insurance policies proposed
to be offered by the applicant;
(d) a statement by the appointed actuary that the terms and
conditions of the life insurance contracts proposed to be
entered into are sound and workable; and
(e) a statement by the appointed actuary that the business plan
has been prepared according to principles which appear to
him to be reasonable and sound.
(9) Where an applicant has made an application under this section for
registration and, before registration is granted or refused, a change occurs
in the particulars specified in the application or in the matters contained
in a document required to accompany the application, the applicant shall,
within 14 days after the occurrence of the change, give to the
Commission notice in writing signed by any two authorised persons and
specifying particulars of the change.
(10) An applicant shall not:-
(a) make an application under this section; or
(b) give to the Commission a notice under sub-section (9);
that is false or misleading in a material particular.

20
7. Commission may register insurer upon satisfaction.- (1) Where an
application for registration is received by the Commission under section
6, the Commission may, subject to sub-section (2) and sub-section (3),
register the insurer as authorised to carry on life insurance business or
authorised to carry on non-life insurance business as the case may be, if
the Commission is satisfied that:
(a) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to minimum paidup share capital requirements have been complied with;
(b) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to minimum
statutory deposits have been complied with;
(c) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to minimum
solvency requirements have been complied with;
(d) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to the effecting of
reinsurance arrangements have been complied with;
(e) the applicant is, and is likely to continue to be, able to meet
its liabilities;
(f) the applicant meets, and is likely to continue to meet,
criteria for sound and prudent management including
without limitation those set out in section 12;
(g) the applicant has appointed an auditor recognised by the
Commission as appropriately qualified to audit the
business of life or non-life insurance as the case may be;
(h) the applicant has, if it proposes to carry on life insurance
business, appointed an actuary as its appointed actuary, and
the Commission does not disapprove that appointment;
(i) the applicant is, and is likely to continue to be, able to
comply with such other of the provisions of this Ordinance
as are applicable to it; and
(j) on the basis of the information provided by the application
and any other information received by the Commission, the
application ought to be granted.
(2) The Commission shall not grant a certificate of registration if the
granting of that certificate would not be in accordance with policy
decisions made by the Federal Government.
(3) The Commission shall not grant registration to any applicant where the
grant of such registration would result in an insurer carrying on both life
insurance and non-life insurance business.
(4) Where the Commission is not satisfied with respect to all or any of the
matters referred to in sub-section (1), it shall refuse an application.
(5) Within thirty days of receipt of an application for registration, or such
longer period as may be prescribed, the Commission shall, in writing,
notify the applicant that the application has been granted or refused, as
the case may be; except that:
(a) if the Commission so notifies the applicant in writing
before the expiry of the period of thirty days referred to in
this sub-section, the period of thirty days shall be extended
to ninety days or such longer period as may be prescribed;
and
(b) if the application is deficient in any technical particular,
and the Commission so notifies the applicant before the
expiry of the period of thirty days referred to in this subsection, the application for registration shall not, for the
purposes of this sub-section, be treated as received until the
applicant has amended the deficiency so notified.
21
(6) The Commission may, on granting registration, specify any class,
classes, sub-class or sub-classes of business prescribed as restricted under
sub-section (6) of section 4 as a class, classes, sub-class or sub-classes of
business which the insurer is not authorised to carry on.

(7) The Commission may at any time require a registered insurer or an
insurer deemed under this Ordinance to be registered, to comply with
such conditions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance, as
the Commission may specify in writing:
Provided that conditions imposed under this sub-section shall be
imposed only where the Commission believes on reasonable
grounds that such conditions are desirable for the protection of the
policy holders and potential policy holders of the insurer and such
conditions shall not be imposed in such a manner as to restrict
unreasonably the commercial liberty of any insurer as against
other insurers or such as to impose an unreasonable burden upon
any insurer;
Provided also that conditions shall not be imposed under this subsection without giving an insurer to whom the conditions would
apply not less than thirty days’ written notice of intention to
impose such conditions, or without giving such insurer an
opportunity to be heard.

8. Inspection and supply of copies filed with Commission.- Any person
may on payment of the prescribed fee inspect such of the documents filed
by an insurer with the Commission under section 6 as may be prescribed,
and may obtain a copy of any such document or part thereof on payment
in advance at the prescribed rate for the making of the copy.

9. Duration and revocation of registration.-(1)..Registration under this
Ordinance to carry on insurance business shall continue until it is
revoked.
(2) Where the Commission is requested in writing by an insurer to revoke
the registration of that insurer to carry on insurance business, the
Commission may by a written instrument revoke that registration.
(3) Registration under this Ordinance to carry on insurance business shall
not be revoked unless the Commission is satisfied that adequate provision
has been made for the irrevocable transfer to a registered insurer of all
insurance liabilities incurred by the insurer seeking revocation of
registration under the preceding sub-section.
(4) Nothing in this section shall prevent the Commission from exercising
the powers available to it under section 63 to direct a registered insurer to
cease entering into new insurance contracts.

10. Notification of grant or revocation of registration.-(1) Where
registration under the preceding provisions of this Part is granted or
revoked, the Commission shall cause notice of the grant (including any
limitations as to classes of business which may be underwritten) or
revocation of registration to be published in the Gazette.
22
(2) Where registration under the preceding provisions of this Part is
granted, the Commission shall issue to the insurer a written certificate of
registration, which certificate shall be surrendered to the Commission on
revocation of registration.
(3) The Commission may, on payment of the prescribed fee, issue a duplicate
certificate of registration to replace a certificate of registration to replace
a certificate lost, destroyed or mutilated, or in any other case where it is
of opinion that the issue of a duplicate certificate is necessary.

11. Conditions imposed on registered insurers.-(1) An insurer registered
under this Ordinance shall at all times ensure that:
(a) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to minimum paidup share capital requirements are complied with;
(b) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to minimum
statutory deposits have been complied with;
(c) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to minimum
solvency requirements are complied with;
(d) the provisions of this Ordinance relating to the obtaining of
reinsurance arrangements are complied with;
(e) the insurer is, and is likely to continue to be, able to meet
its liabilities;
(f) the insurer meets, and is likely to continue to meet, criteria
for sound and prudent management including without
limitation those set out in section 12;
(g) the insurer has appointed an auditor recognised by the
Commission as appropriately qualified to audit the
business of life or non-life insurance as the case may be;
and
(h) the insurer is, and is likely to continue to be, able to
comply with such other of the provisions of this Ordinance
as are applicable to it.
(2) An insurer registered under this Ordinance shall be deemed to have
undertaken to abide by the decisions of any small disputes resolution
committee constituted under section 117.
(3) An insurer registered under this Ordinance shall pay to the
Commission, on or before the fifteenth day of January in every calendar
year, an annual supervision fee of the greatest of:
(a) Rs. 100,000;
(b) one rupee per thousand of gross direct premium written in
Pakistan during the calendar year preceding the calendar
year ended on the previous 31st day of December; or
(c) such amount as may be prescribed.

12. Criteria for sound and prudent management.- (1) For the purposes of
this Ordinance, the following shall, without limitation, be recognised as
criteria for sound and prudent management of an insurer or applicant for
registration as a person authorised to carry on insurance business:
(a) the business of the insurer or applicant is carried on with
integrity, due care and the professional skills appropriate to
the nature and scale of its activities;
23
(b) each director and officer or (in the case of an applicant
which is a body corporate incorporated outside Pakistan)
the principal officer in Pakistan of the insurer or applicant
is a fit and proper person to hold that position;
(c) the insurer or applicant is directed and managed by a
sufficient number of persons who are fit and proper
persons to hold the positions which they hold;
(d) the insurer or applicant maintains adequate accounting and
other records of its business; and
(e) the insurer or applicant maintains adequate systems of
control of its business and records.
Explanation: A person is a fit and proper person who possesses
such experience and qualifications as are appropriate for the duties
for which he is responsible, and conducts those duties with due
diligence and skill. A person is not a fit and proper person to hold
the position of Chairman, or of Chief Executive or principal
officer in Pakistan, of an insurance company if that person does
not have experience or qualifications of direct relevance to the
conduct of insurance operations. A person is not a fit and proper
person if the association of that person with the insurer is or is
likely, for whatever reason, to be detrimental to the interest of the
insurer or of the policy holders, or is otherwise undesirable.
(2) Accounting and other records shall not be regarded as adequate for the
purposes of clause (d) of sub-section (1) unless they are such as:
(a) to enable the business of the insurer or applicant to be
prudently managed; and
(b) to enable the insurer or applicant to comply with the
obligations imposed on it by or under this Ordinance.
(3) In determining whether any systems of control are adequate for the
purposes of clause (e) of sub-section (1), the Commission shall have
regard to the functions and responsibilities for those systems which are
held by the persons who are responsible for the direction and
management of the insurer or applicant and to whom clause (b) of subsection (1) applies.
(4) The insurer or applicant shall not be regarded as conducting its business
in a sound and prudent manner if it fails to conduct its business with due
regard to the interests of policy holders and potential policy holders.
(5) The insurer or applicant shall not be regarded as conducting its business
in a sound and prudent manner if it:
(a) fails to satisfy an obligation to which it is subject by virtue
of this Ordinance; or
(b) fails to supervise the activities of a subsidiary with due care
and diligence and without detriment to the insurer’s or
applicant’s business.
(6) No insurer shall appoint a managing agent for the conduct of its business.

13. Restriction on issue of certain life policies.-(1)..No insurer shall offer
any policy or contract in respect of life insurance business other than
those described in the prescribed documents filed with the Commission
under sub-section (6) or sub-section (8) of section 6 or an amendment to
such prescribed documents filed with the Commission under sub-section
(9) of section 6, unless the insurer has, not less than thirty days prior to
24
such offer, furnished to the Commission in respect of such contracts the
particulars and materials specified in sub-section (8) of section 6.
(2) The Commission may, within thirty days of such submission, require
the insurer in writing to make such changes in the particulars and
materials as the Commission may direct, and where the Commission does
so direct the insurer shall not be taken to have complied with sub-section
(1) until the insurer has complied with the direction of the Commission.

PART III
STATUTORY FUNDS OF AND
OTHER SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES

14. Statutory and other funds of life insurance companies.- (1)..An
insurer carrying on the business of life insurance shall at all times
maintain at least one statutory fund in respect of its life insurance
business.
(2) An insurer that carries on life insurance business consisting of the
provision of investment-linked benefits shall maintain one or more
statutory funds exclusively for that business.
(3) An insurer that carries on life insurance business consisting of the
provision of capital redemption business shall maintain one or more
statutory funds exclusively for that business.
(4) An insurer that carries on life insurance business consisting of the
provision of pension fund business shall maintain one or more statutory
funds exclusively for that business.
(5) An insurer that carries on life insurance business consisting of the
provision of accident and health insurance business shall maintain one or
more statutory funds exclusively for that business.
(6) An insurer that carries on life insurance business outside Pakistan shall
maintain one or more statutory funds exclusively in respect of that
business.
(7) An insurer that carries on life insurance business of such class or subclass as may be prescribed by the Commission for the purposes of this
sub-section shall maintain one or more statutory funds exclusively in
respect of that business.
(8) Statutory funds may not be divided or amalgamated without the approval
of the Commission.
(9) The Commission may direct a life insurer to amalgamate or transfer a life
statutory fund where the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that
amalgamation or transfer is required for the protection of the interests of
policy holders.
(10) An insurer having a share capital and carrying on life insurance business
shall maintain a shareholders’ fund.
(11) An insurer not having a share capital and carrying on life insurance
business, shall maintain in its records a permanent capital fund.
25
(12) In this Ordinance, a reference to the shareholders’ fund shall be deemed
to include a reference to the permanent capital fund, and provisions
which are applicable to the shareholders’ fund shall apply mutatis
mutandis to the permanent capital fund.

15. Establishment of statutory fund.- Whenever an insurer establishes a
statutory fund for its life insurance business, the insurer shall give the
Commission, not later than thirty days prior to the establishment of the
fund, written notice (in such form as may be prescribed by the
Commission) of:
(a) the establishment of the fund;
(b) the date on which the fund was established;
(c) the nature of the life insurance business of the company to
which the fund relates; and
(d) such other matters as are prescribed.

16. Policies to be referable to specific statutory funds.-(1) A life insurance
policy issued by an insurer carrying on life insurance business shall be
referable to one or more statutory funds:
Provided that a policy which is not investment-linked shall be
referable to one statutory fund only;
Provided further that if:
(a) a contract (“the supplementary contract”) which is
supplementary to the policy (“the principal policy”) is of a
type which would but for the preceding proviso be required
by section 14 to be referable to a different statutory fund
from that to which the principal policy is referable, and
(b) the premium attributable to such supplementary contract
exceeds the premium attributable to the principal policy,
the supplementary contract shall be referable to that different
statutory fund.
(2) A policy document shall specify the statutory fund or statutory funds to
which the policy is referable.
(3) A provision in a policy document that a policy is referable to two or more
statutory funds is not effective unless it specifies:
(a) the benefits under the policy that are to be provided out of
each fund; and
(b) either:
(i) the proportion of the premium that is related to the
benefits to be provided out of each fund and is to be
credited to the fund; or
(ii) the way in which that proportion is to be calculated.
(4) The statutory fund or funds to which a policy is referable may be changed
by endorsement to the policy document.
(5) If a change is made, in accordance with the foregoing sub-section, to the
statutory fund or funds to which a policy is referable, the insurer shall
effect such transfer of assets between the statutory funds concerned as
may be determined by the appointed actuary in accordance with such
principles as may be prescribed.

26
17. Assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of funds.- (1) All assets,
liabilities, revenues and expenses of a life insurer shall be referable to one
or more funds of the insurer.
Explanation: in this section the word ‘fund’ means a statutory fund or
the shareholders’ fund.
(2) All amounts received by a life insurer in respect of the business of a
statutory fund shall be credited to that fund.
(3) All assets and investments related to the business of a statutory fund shall
be included in that fund.
(4) All liabilities (including policy liabilities) of a life insurer arising out of
the conduct of the business of a statutory fund shall be treated as
liabilities of that fund.
(5) All assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of a life insurer which are
referable to the shareholders’ fund and which are not attributed to a
statutory fund shall be attributed to the shareholders’ fund.
(6) If an asset, a liability, a revenue or an expense of a life insurer is referable
to two or more statutory funds, or is referable in part to a statutory fund
or funds but is also referable to the shareholders’ fund, the insurer shall
apportion such asset, liability, revenue or expense on a fair and equitable
basis between the funds to which it is referable.
(7) An apportionment made under this section shall only be made after the
directors of the insurer have received the appointed actuary’s written
advice as to the fairness and equity of the proposed basis of allocation.

18. Disposition of assets of statutory funds.-(1) The assets of a statutory
fund are only available for expenditure related to the conduct of the
business of the statutory fund.
(2) Profits and losses of a statutory fund may only be dealt with in
accordance with the applicable provisions of this Ordinance.

19. Prohibition of reinsurance between statutory funds.-(1)..Reinsurance
between statutory funds maintained by one insurer is prohibited.
(2) For the purposes of this section, reinsurance between statutory funds shall
be deemed to exist, (whether or not there is a written contract of
reinsurance) where the following circumstances are present:
(a) part of the premium payable under a policy referable to one
statutory fund is credited to another statutory fund (“the
reinsuring fund”) to which the policy is not referable; and
(b) a corresponding proportion of the liability under the policy
is treated as a liability for the discharge of which the assets
of the reinsuring fund are available.

20. Capital payments to life insurance statutory funds.-(1)..A life insurer
may at any time make a capital payment to a statutory fund.
27
(2) For the purposes of this section, a capital payment is an amount credited
to a statutory fund that is not required to be credited to that fund and does
not represent any part of the assets of another statutory fund.
(3) All capital payments made to a statutory fund in accordance with this
section shall be credited in the records of the statutory fund to a ledger
account clearly identified as capital contributed to the statutory fund.

21. Distribution of capital in a life insurance statutory fund.-(1)..A
distribution of capital, other than a distribution to holders of participating
policies by way of bonus, shall not be made at any time at which any of
the accounts identified in sub-sections (1) and (2) of section 22 have a
debit balance.
(2) A distribution of capital, other than a distribution to holders of
participating policies by way of bonus, shall not be made from a statutory
fund unless the provisions of sub-sections (3) and (4) of section 35, after
such distribution, are complied with.
(3) A distribution of capital contributed to a statutory fund may only be made
after the directors of the insurer have received the appointed actuary’s
written advice as to the likely consequences of the proposed distribution.
(4) In providing his written advice under sub-section (3), the appointed
actuary shall have regard, without limitation, to the effect of the proposed
distribution on the compliance by the insurer with the provisions of this
Ordinance relating to solvency and on the ability of the insurer to
continue to comply with the provisions of this Ordinance relating to
solvency in the context of its planned level of activity.
(5) Capital contributed to a statutory fund may only be distributed in the
following ways:
(a) by transfer to the shareholders’ fund;
(b) by transfer to another statutory fund of the company; or
(c) by distribution as bonuses to holders of participating
policies.

22. Allocation of surplus on life insurance business.-(1)..An insurer
conducting participating life insurance business shall, in the accounting
records of the statutory fund or funds in which that business is carried on,
maintain ledger accounts separately identifying the following:
(a) retained earnings on participating business attributable to
participating policyholders;
(b) retained earnings on participating business attributable to
shareholders but not distributable; and
(c) retained earnings on participating business distributable to
shareholders.
(2) An insurer conducting business other than participating business shall in
the accounting records of the statutory fund or funds in which that
business is carried on maintain a ledger account identifying the retained
earnings on business other than participating business.
28
(3) For the purposes of this section and section 23, the ledger accounts
referred to in clauses (a), (b) and (c) of sub-section (1) and in sub-section
(2) are described for reasons of brevity as follows, respectively:
(a) the A Account;
(b) the B Account;
(c) the C Account; and
(d) the D Account.
(4) The ledger accounts identified in sub-sections (1) and (2) shall not be
dealt with other than in accordance with the provisions of this section and
section 23, or as the Commission may prescribe.
(5) Immediately following each investigation carried out in accordance with
section 50, the insurer shall allocate, by debiting or crediting the accounts
identified in sub-section (1) and sub-section (2) in each fund, the amount
of surplus earned in that fund, in accordance with the provisions of this
section.
(6) In this section, the term ‘surplus’ in respect of a year means the increase
or decrease in that year of the excess of assets over liabilities (other than
policyholder liabilities) of a statutory fund or of a separately identifiable
part of a statutory fund, reduced by the increase and enhanced by the
decrease (so far, in the case of a separately identifiable part of a statutory
fund, as such increase or decrease is attributable to that separately
identifiable part) in that year of:
(a) the amount of policyholder liabilities;
(b) the cumulative amount of capital contributed by the
shareholders’ fund;
(c) the amount of the accounts identified in sub-sections (1)
and (2); and
(d) the amount of any reserve required under this Ordinance to
be maintained.
Explanation: All amounts referred to in this sub-section shall be
determined in accordance with the accounting rules prescribed for
the preparation of the statement of assets and liabilities referred to
in sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 46.
(7) The surplus earned on participating contracts shall be allocated as follows
between the A Account and the B Account:
(a) not less than ninety per cent. of the amount of surplus
earned on participating contracts shall be allocated to the A
Account; and
(b) the amount represented by the difference between the
surplus earned on participating contracts and the amount
referred to in clause (a) shall be allocated to the B Account.
Explanation: in a statutory fund which contains both participating
and non-participating policies, the amount of surplus earned on
participating contracts for the purposes of this section includes
that element of surplus earned other than on participating contracts
which is, on a fair and equitable basis, attributable to the
participating policy holders having regard to the interest of
participating policyholders in the undertakings of the statutory
fund.
(8) Immediately following the allocation of surplus in accordance with subsection (7), the amount of surplus adjustment in respect of that year shall
be credited to the A Account and debited to the C Account:
Provided that where the amount of surplus adjustment exceeds the
credit balance of the C Account the amount by which it exceeds
that balance shall not be debited to the C Account but shall be
debited to the B Account.
29
Provided further that where the amount of surplus adjustment, but
for this proviso, exceeds the sum of the credit balance, if any, of
the B Account and the credit balance, if any, of the C Account, the
amount of surplus adjustment shall for the purposes of this subsection only be equal to the sum of the credit balance, if any, of
the B Account and the credit balance, if any, of the C Account.
(9) In this section, “surplus adjustment” means ninety per cent. of the sum of
the following two amounts:
(a) the amount, if any, by which the total amount of
management expenses brought to account in determining
the surplus earned on participating contracts exceeds such
total amount as is determined by the application of such
percentages as may be prescribed by the Commission in
regulations to first year and renewal premiums brought to
account in determining that surplus; and
(b) the amount determined by applying for six months on a
compound basis, to the amount if any determined in clause
(a), the higher of:
(i) the investment earning rate of the statutory fund
during the year, so far as concerns participating
contracts; and
(ii) the average base rate during the year, calculated as
at the final date of each month on a compound basis.
(10) The amount of surplus earned in each statutory fund during a year, and in
respect of each statutory fund to which sub-section (1) applies the
amounts of surplus earned on participating contracts during that year and
surplus adjustment in respect of that year shall be certified by the
insurer’s appointed actuary.
(11) All surplus other than surplus required to be dealt with under sub-section
(7) shall be allocated to the D Account.
(12) The Commission may make rules for the administration of any matter in
this section, not otherwise provided for.

23. Restriction on dividends and bonuses.-(1) No insurer carrying on life
insurance business shall declare or pay any dividend to shareholders or
make any payment in service of any debentures, other than from the
shareholders’ fund.
(2) No insurer carrying on life insurance business shall appropriate from
any statutory fund to the shareholders’ fund any amount other than:
(a) an amount from the C Account or the D Account; or
(b) a distribution of capital in accordance with section 21.
(3) No insurer carrying on life insurance business shall allocate, whether
by way of cash payment, by addition to policy liabilities or otherwise, as
bonuses to participating policy holders any amount other than:
(a) an amount from the A Account, or
(b) a distribution of capital by way of bonus in accordance with
section 21.
(4) No amount may be credited to the C Account other than in accordance
with the provisions of this section.
(5) An appropriation under sub-section (2) or an allocation of bonus under
sub-section (3) may only be made after the directors of the insurer have
30
received the appointed actuary’s written advice as to the likely
consequences of the proposed appropriation or allocation.
(6) In providing his written advice under sub-section (5), the appointed
actuary shall have regard, without limitation, to the effect of the proposed
appropriation or allocation on the compliance by the insurer with the
provisions of this Ordinance relating to solvency and on the ability of the
insurer to continue to comply with the provisions of this Ordinance
relating to solvency in the context of its planned level of activity.
(7) At the time at which bonuses, other than distributions of capital by way
of bonus in accordance with section 21, are allocated to participating
policy holders, an amount determined in the following manner may,
subject to sub-section (12), be debited to the B Account and the amount if
any debited to the B Account shall be credited to the C Account:
(a) not more than one-ninth of the amount of such bonuses as
have been allocated from the A Account; less
(b) the lower of:
(i) the amount if any of surplus adjustment debited to
the B Account in accordance with the proviso to
sub-section (8) of section 22; and
(ii) the amount set out in clause (a) of this sub-section.
(8) Where the business in a statutory fund contains investment contracts,
not being participating contracts, under the terms of which the insurer has
discretion to vary the amount of expenses charged under the policy, the
transfer to the shareholders’ fund which may be made in any one year
from the D Account in that statutory fund shall be reduced, to the extent
of the balance in the D Account, by the amount of expense adjustment
arising in the year ended on the preceding 31st December.
(9) For the purpose of sub-section (8), “expense adjustment” means such
proportion as may be prescribed of the amount, if any, by which the total
amount charged to all such policies to meet management expenses
exceeds such total amount as is determined by the application of such
percentages as may be prescribed by the Commission to first year and
renewal premiums relating to such investment contracts:
Provided that, where investment contracts include
supplementary benefits, the amount referred to in this sub-section
shall be determined with reference to the premiums for the main
contract only excluding such supplementary benefits;
Provided further that for the purposes of determining the
amount of expense adjustment, the amount of management
expenses charged to policies shall be determined in accordance
with such basis as the Commission may prescribe.
(10) The amount of expense adjustment in each year in respect of each
statutory fund to which sub-section (8) applies shall be certified by the
appointed actuary.
(11) An insurer may, subject to sub-section (12), at any time make a transfer
from the B Account, the C Account or the D Account to the credit of the
A Account.
(12) No appropriation, allocation or transfer under sub-section (2) or subsection (3) or under sub-section (7) or sub-section (11) shall be made if
that appropriation, allocation or transfer would result in a debit balance in
the ledger account from which the appropriation, allocation or transfer is
made.
(13) The Commission may make rules for the administration of any matter in
this section, not otherwise provided for.
31
24. Declaration of interim bonuses.- Notwithstanding anything to the
contrary contained in this Ordinance, an insurer carrying on the business
of life insurance shall be at liberty to declare an interim bonus or bonuses
to policy holders whose policies mature for payment by reason of death
or otherwise during the period between two investigations conducted in
accordance with section 50, on the recommendation of the appointed
actuary made in his report on the last preceding valuation.

25. Transitional provisions.- (1)..All life insurance funds maintained under
the repealed Act or under the Life Insurance Nationalisation Order, 1972
by an insurer carrying on life insurance business on the commencement
date or succeeding to an insurer carrying on life insurance business on the
commencement date shall, with effect on or before 31st December 2001,
be converted into one or more statutory fund or funds.
(2) A conversion to a statutory fund or funds under this section shall be made
in accordance with such criteria as may be prescribed by the
Commission.
(3) For the period until 31st December 2001, an insurer carrying on life
insurance business on the commencement date shall not be regarded as
being in contravention of the Ordinance by reason only that the statutory
funds required to be established under this Part have not been established.

26. Appointed actuary.-(1)..Every life insurer shall appoint an actuary as its
appointed actuary.
(2) The Commission may on reasonable grounds disapprove such
appointment and require the appointment of another actuary.

27. Responsibilities of appointed actuary.-(1)..The appointed actuary shall
be responsible to perform such duties as he may be assigned under this
Ordinance.
(2) Such duties shall include:
(a) performing an annual investigation into the financial
condition of a life insurer according to such scope, and
reporting on such investigation in such terms as, may be
prescribed by the Commission;
(b) providing written advice as to the equitable apportionment
of revenues and expenses between funds and between
policy holders within funds;
(c) certifying that the terms and conditions of a type of policy
issued by a life insurer are sound and workable;
(d) certifying premium rates at the time of introduction of a
new product and any change in these rates;
(e) certifying annually mortality, expenses and other charges
under investment contracts; and
(f) such other duties as may be prescribed by the Commission.
(3) The appointed actuary of an insurer shall be entitled at any time to
address or to make a report to the Board of Directors of the insurer, with
respect to any matter which in the opinion of the appointed actuary
requires to be brought to the attention of the Board of Directors.
32
(4) An appointed actuary shall not be dismissed from his office without the
permission of the Commission, which shall not unreasonably be
withheld.
(5) An appointed actuary who resigns his office shall inform the Commission
of the reasons for his resignation and of any matters connected therewith
which he believes should be brought to the attention of the Commission.
(6) An appointed actuary who is dismissed from his office shall inform the
Commission of any matters connected with his dismissal which he
believes should be brought to the attention of the Commission.
(7) An appointed actuary who resigns or is dismissed shall not be liable to
any person for any statement properly made with due cause pursuant to
sub-section (5) or sub-section (6).

PART IV
REQUIREMENTS AS TO CAPITAL AND STATUTORY
DEPOSITS

28. Requirements as to capital.-(1)..An insurer registered under this
Ordinance to carry on insurance business shall have a paid-up capital of
not less than the required minimum amount.
(2) For the purposes of this section, the required minimum amount is:
(a) one hundred and fifty million rupees, or such higher
amount as may be prescribed by the Federal Government,
for an insurer carrying on life insurance business; and
(b) eighty million rupees, or such higher amount as may be
prescribed by the Federal Government, for an insurer
carrying on non-life insurance business;
Provided that in respect of clause (a), for an insurer authorised
to carry on life insurance business on the commencement date the
required minimum amount shall not be less than one hundred
million rupees by 31st December 2002 and one hundred and fifty
million rupees or such higher amount as may be prescribed by 31st
December 2004.
Provided further that in respect of clause (b), for an insurer
authorised to carry on non-life insurance business on the
commencement date the required minimum amount shall not be
less than fifty million rupees by 31st December 2002 and eighty
million rupees or such higher amount as may be prescribed by 31st
December 2004.
Provided further that in respect of both clause (a) and clause
(b), for the period until 31st December 2002, for an insurer
authorised to carry on insurance business on the commencement
date the required minimum amount shall be that set out in section
6 of the repealed Act.
(3) An insurer, not having a share capital, shall not be required to comply
with this section.

29. Deposits.-(1)..Every insurer shall, in respect of the insurance business
carried on by him in Pakistan, deposit and keep deposited with the State
33
Bank of Pakistan, in one of the offices in Pakistan of the State Bank of
Pakistan for and on behalf of the Federal Government the required
minimum amount specified in sub-section (2), either in cash or in
approved securities estimated at the market value of the securities on the
day of deposit, or partly in cash and partly in approved securities so
estimated.
(2) For the purposes of this section the required minimum amount is, either:
(a) the higher of ten million rupees and ten per cent. (10%) of
the insurer’s paid-up capital; or
(b) such amount as may be prescribed by the Commission:
Provided that the Commission may, subject to achievement of
levels of solvency as required by this Ordinance, abolish the
requirement for deposits specified by this section by reducing the
required minimum amount to zero.
(3) A deposit made in cash shall be held by the State Bank of Pakistan to
the credit of the insurer and shall except to the extent, if any, to which the
cash has been invested in securities under sub-section (5), be returnable
to the insurer in cash in any case in which, under the provisions of this
Ordinance, a deposit is to be returned; and any profit or return
(howsoever called or designated) accruing due and collected on securities
deposited under sub-section (1) shall be paid to the insurer, subject only
to deduction of the normal commission chargeable for the realisation of
profit or return (however called or designated).
(4) The insurer may at any time replace any securities deposited by him
under this section with the State Bank of Pakistan either by cash or by
other approved securities or partly by cash and partly by other approved
securities provided that such cash, or the value of such other approved
securities estimated at the market rates prevailing at the time of
replacement, or such cash together with such value, as the case may be, is
not less than the value of the securities replaced estimated at the market
rates prevailing when they were deposited.
(5) The State Bank of Pakistan shall, if so requested by the insurer:
(a) sell any securities deposited by him with the Bank under
this section and hold the cash realised by such sale as
deposit, or
(b) invest in approved securities specified by the insurer the
whole or any part of a deposit held by it in cash or the
whole or any part of cash received by it on the sale of or on
the maturing of securities in which investment is so made
as deposit, and may charge the normal commission on such
sale or on such investment.
(6) Where sub-section (5) applies, if the cash realised by the sale of or on
the maturing of the securities (excluding, in the former case, the profit or
return (however called or described) accrued) falls short of the market
value of the securities at the date on which they were deposited with the
Bank, the insurer shall make good the deficiency by a further deposit
either in cash or in approved securities estimated at the market value of
the securities on the day on which they are deposited, or partly in cash
and partly in approved securities so estimated, within a period of two
months from the date on which the securities matured or were sold and,
unless he does so. the insurer shall be deemed to have failed to comply
with the requirements of this section as to deposits.
(7) If any part of a deposit made under this section is used in the
discharge of any liability of the insurer, the insurer shall deposit such
34
additional sum in cash or approved securities estimated at the market
value of the securities on the day of deposit, or partly in cash and partly
in such securities, as will make up the amount so used. The insurer shall
be deemed to have failed to comply with the requirements of sub-section
(1), unless the deficiency is supplied within a period of two months from
the date when the deposit or any part thereof is so used for discharge of
liabilities.
(8) The market value on the day of deposit of securities deposited in
pursuance of any of the provisions of this Ordinance with the State Bank
of Pakistan shall be determined by the State Bank of Pakistan whose
decision shall be final.

30. Reservation of deposits.-(1)..Any deposit made under section 29 shall be
deemed to be part of the assets of the insurer but shall not be the subject
of any encumbrance; nor shall it be available for the discharge of any
liability of the insurer other than liabilities arising out of policies of
insurance issued by the insurer, so long as any such liabilities remain
undischarged; nor shall it be liable to attachment in execution of any
decree except a decree obtained by a policy holder of the insurer in
respect of a debt due upon a policy which debt the policy holder has
failed to realise in any other way.
(2) Where a deposit is made in respect of life insurance business the deposit
made in respect thereof shall be deemed to be a part of the assets of the
shareholders’ fund.
(3) A deposit which, at the commencement date, was, under the repealed Act,
an asset of a life insurance fund established under that Act, shall, on or
before the date of conversion of that fund under section 25 be transferred
to the shareholders’ fund against receipt of the full value of the deposit.
(4) In this section the term ‘full value of the deposit’ means the cash or the
market value of other assets forming the deposit, as certified by the State
Bank of Pakistan.
(5) For the period from the commencement date and until 31st December
2001, no insurer which was carrying on life insurance business on the
commencement date or which succeeds to an insurer which was carrying
on life insurance business on the effective date shall be regarded as being
in contravention of the Ordinance by reason only that the statutory
deposit required by this Part to be made in the shareholders’ fund has not
been made either in part or in full, provided that the sum of the statutory
deposit which has been made in the shareholders’ fund and the statutory
deposit which was made in the life insurance fund under the repealed Act
and continues to exist as at the relevant date is equal to or greater than the
amount required by this Part to be made as a statutory deposit by the
insurer.

31. Refund of deposits.- An insurer may at any time apply to the
Commission for consent to return of such portion of the deposit as is in
excess of any amount which the insurer is required under this Ordinance
to keep deposited, and such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.

PART V
SOLVENCY REQUIREMENTS
35

32. Admissible Assets.- (1) For the purposes of this Part, the following are
admissible assets:
(a) Government securities except to the extent that they are
subject to any encumbrance;
(b) assets deposited with the State Bank of Pakistan under
section 29; and
(c) assets, other than assets referred to in clause (a) or clause
(b), not specified in sub-section (2) not to be admissible
assets; and
(c) assets, being assets referred to in clause (g) of sub-section
(2), in respect of which the Commission has declared that
those assets are to be admissible for the purposes of this
Part.
(2) For the purposes of this Part, subject to sub-section (1), the following are
not admissible assets:
(a) in a statutory fund of a life insurer, a loan to, capital
transfer to or other interest in the shareholders’ fund of the
life insurer;
(b) in a statutory fund of a life insurer, any asset to the extent
that it exceeds such percentage as may be prescribed by the
Commission of the value of the fund (being the market
value of assets less liabilities other than policyholder
liabilities);
(c) in the shareholders’ fund of a life insurer, a loan to, capital
transfer to or other interest in a statutory fund of the life
insurer;
(d) loans (not being loans secured against life insurance
policies) to directors, shareholders, agents or employees of
the insurer, and accrued profit or return (however called or
described) thereon:
Provided that a person holding less than one per
cent. of the shares of the insurer shall not be
considered to be a shareholder for the purposes of
this clause.
Provided, further, that a loan and accrued profit or
return (however called or described) thereon to an
employee of an insurer, not being a director of the
insurer, shall not be inadmissible by virtue only of
the operation of this clause, to the extent that the
loan is secured against immovable property.
(e) loans to life insurance policyholders of the insurer, to the
extent that these, together with accrued profit or return
(however called or described) thereon, exceed the surrender
value of the policies against which they are secured;
(f) loans which are secured against immovable property, to the
extent that they exceed, in the aggregate, such percentage
as may be prescribed by the Commission of the insurer’s
total investments or, in the case of a life insurer, such
percentage as may be prescribed by the Commission of the
total investments of the relevant statutory fund or
shareholders’ fund;
(g) balances with, shares in, loans to or other amounts due
from any body that is related to the insurer or to any
36
director of the insurer;
(h) premiums due and payable to the insurer but not paid for
more than three months from the date due and payable;
Provided that in the case of a life insurer a premium
which has not been paid shall be deemed to have
been paid to the extent that the provisions of clause
(b) of sub-section (4) of section 93 have been
applied in respect of that premium;
(i) intangible assets, including but not limited to goodwill,
brand names and capitalised establishment costs;
(j) deferred tax asset balances;
(k) amounts available to the insurer under guarantees;
(l) assets subject to encumbrances;
(m) unpaid share capital;
(n) any unit of immovable property, to the extent that it
exceeds such percentage as may be prescribed by the
Commission of the insurer’s total investments or, in the
case of a life insurer, such percentage as may be prescribed
by the Commission of the total investments of the relevant
statutory fund or shareholders’ fund;
(o) immovable property, to the extent that it exceeds in total
such percentage as may be prescribed by the Commission
of the insurer’s total investments or, in the case of a life
insurer, such percentage as may be prescribed by the
Commission of the total investments of the relevant
statutory fund or shareholders’ fund;
(p) shares in any one company or group of related companies,
to the extent that they exceed such percentage as may be
prescribed by the Commission of the insurer’s total
investments or, in the case of a life insurer, such percentage
as may be prescribed by the Commission of the total
investments of the relevant statutory fund or shareholders’
fund;
(q) shares of listed companies, to the extent that they exceed,
in the aggregate, such percentage as may be prescribed by
the Commission of the insurer’s total investments or, in the
case of a life insurer, such percentage as may be prescribed
by the Commission of the total investments of the relevant
statutory fund or shareholders’ fund;
(r) shares of companies (not being listed companies), to the
extent that they exceed, in the aggregate, such percentage
as may be prescribed by the Commission of the insurer’s
total investments or, in the case of a life insurer, such
percentage as may be prescribed by the Commission of the
total investments of the relevant statutory fund or
shareholders’ fund;
(s) immovable property and shares in the aggregate, to the
extent that they exceed such percentage as may be
prescribed by the Commission of the insurer’s total
investments or, in the case of a life insurer, such percentage
as may be prescribed by the Commission of the total
investments of the relevant statutory fund or shareholders’
fund;
(t) loans to any person or group of related persons, to the
extent that they exceed such percentage as may be
prescribed by the Commission of the insurer’s total
investments or, in the case of a life insurer, such percentage
as may be prescribed by the Commission of the total
investments of the relevant statutory fund or shareholders’
37
fund;
(u) (i) vehicles;
(ii) office equipment and
(iii) fixtures and fittings which are not immovable
property;
(v) such assets as the Commission may prescribe; and
(w) assets which are declared by the Commission, pursuant to
sub-section (9), not to be admissible assets of an insurer or
of a life insurance statutory fund maintained by an insurer.
(3) The Commission may, in prescribing matters referred to in subsection (2), make separate prescription in respect of insurers carrying on
life insurance business and those carrying on non-life insurance business;
and within the category of life insurance business may make separate
prescription in respect of statutory funds which are required by this
Ordinance to be established for the conduct of a particular category of life
insurance business.
(4) For the purposes of this section, the provisions of clauses (p), (q) and
(r) of sub-section (2) shall extend mutatis mutandis to investments made
in shares (or equity securities by whatever name called) of a body
corporate incorporated in a jurisdiction other than Pakistan.
(5) For the purposes of this section, immovable property is a “unit” where
it is the smallest discrete parcel of immovable property, consisting of land
or buildings and structures constructed thereon or both, owned by an
insurer and is capable of being lawfully the subject of a transfer or other
disposition of the whole of the legal and beneficial interest, without the
necessity for any consent, licence, permit or approval from any
governmental authority to divide or sub-divide the parcel in order to
transfer or otherwise make a disposition of the whole of the legal and
beneficial interest therein.
(6) In this section, “investments” includes all forms of shares, debentures,
bonds, deposits and other securities and derivative instruments, and
includes immovable property whether or not occupied by the insurer.
(7) For the purposes of this section, two or more persons are “related” if they
are under common control, or if they are connected by an ownership
interest of more than 49% or, if they are natural persons, they are
members of the same family.
(8) A declaration by the Commission under clause (d) of sub-section (1):
(a) may be made on the application of the insurer;
(b) shall be made in writing to the insurer;
(c) shall not be made unless the Commission believes on
reasonable grounds, having regard to the circumstances of
the insurer, the interests of policyholders of the insurer, the
nature of the assets in respect of which the application is
made and the nature of the other assets and the liabilities of
the insurer, that:
(i) such a declaration will not adversely affect the
ability of the insurer to meet its liabilities, including
policyholder liabilities, as they fall due;
(ii) such a declaration is not inconsistent with the
principles of sound and prudent management of the
insurer set out in section 12; and
(iii) such a declaration ought to be made;
(d) may be made in respect of the whole of the assets in respect
38
of which application is made, or of such part thereof as the
Commission may direct;
(e) shall be made subject to such conditions as the
Commission may direct;
(f) shall have effect not more than three months from the date
of such declaration; and
(g) shall remain in force for a period of not more than twelve
months from the date at which the declaration has effect,
unless revoked in writing by the Commission before the
expiry of that time.
(9) A declaration by the Commission under clause (w) of sub-section (2):
(a) shall be made in writing to the insurer;
(b) shall not be made unless the Commission believes on
reasonable grounds, having regard to the circumstances of
the insurer, the nature of the assets and the nature of the
other assets and the liabilities of the insurer, and after
giving the insurer a chance to be heard, that the assets
should be declared not to be admissible assets of that
insurer or of a life insurance statutory fund of that insurer;
(c) shall have effect not less than three months from the date of
such declaration; and
(d) shall continue until it is revoked in writing by the
Commission.

33. Assets and liabilities in Pakistan.- (1) For the purposes of this Part, an
asset is an asset in Pakistan if –
(a) it is immovable property situated in Pakistan;
(b) it is movable property (other than money, debts or other
actionable claims) physically located in Pakistan and
owned by and in the possession of a person resident in
Pakistan and no person (other than the owner thereof) has
any better right to possession thereof whether by virtue of
an encumbrance or otherwise and is lawfully entitled to
take it out of Pakistan or remove it from Pakistan;
(c) it is money or a debt or an actionable claim denominated or
payable only in rupees in Pakistan; or
(d) it is money or a debt or an actionable claim denominated or
payable in a currency other than rupees in respect of which
any person has a right to sue and recover the same by
proceedings in Pakistan or it is required by law to be
received in Pakistan by or is payable to a person resident in
Pakistan.
(2) For the purposes of this Part, where a liability is undertaken by a person
under:
(a) a contract of insurance made in Pakistan or in respect of
which a proposal was accepted or a policy issued in
Pakistan, not being a contract
(i) that relates only to a liability contingent upon an
event that can happen only outside Pakistan, not
being a liability that the person has undertaken to
satisfy in Pakistan; or
(ii) where the person carries on insurance business both
in and outside Pakistan, that relates only to a
liability that the person has undertaken to satisfy
outside Pakistan; or
(b) a contract of insurance made outside Pakistan or in respect
39
of which a proposal was accepted or a policy issued outside
Pakistan where any part of the negotiations or
arrangements leading to the making of the contract, to the
acceptance of the proposal or to the issue of the policy took
place or were made in Pakistan, being a contract
(i) that relates to a liability contingent upon an event
that can happen only in Pakistan; or
(ii) where the person carries on insurance business both
in and outside Pakistan, that relates to a liability that
the person has undertaken to satisfy in Pakistan;
that liability is a liability in Pakistan.

34. Valuation of assets and liabilities.- (1) For the purposes of this Part,
assets and liabilities shall, subject to sub-section (2), be valued in
accordance with such accounting rules as may be prescribed by the
Commission.
(2) For the purposes of this Part, as at any date (the “balance date”) to which
a statement of assets and liabilities (however called or described) is made
up:
(a) no asset of an insurer shall be valued at more than the
amount, net of transaction costs incurred by the transferor,
at which it could be transferred in an orderly market in a
transaction between two willing but not anxious parties;
(b) no liability of an insurer, not being a policyholder liability,
shall be valued at less than the amount, including
transaction costs incurred by the transferor, at which it
could be transferred in an orderly market in a transaction
between two willing but not anxious parties;
(c) the liability for outstanding claims of a non-life insurer
shall not be valued at less than the expected settlement cost,
including settlement expenses, of all claims incurred by the
insurer but not paid as at the balance date, whether or not
those claims have been reported to the insurer as at that
date, and including prudent but reasonable provision for
adverse development in that expected settlement cost after
balance date; and
(d) the liability for unexpired risk of a non-life insurer shall not
be valued at less than the sum of the unearned premium
reserve and the premium deficiency reserve, where:
(i) the unearned premium reserve is the unexpired
portion of the premium which relates to business in
force at the balance date; and
(ii) the premium deficiency reserve is the amount if any
by which the expected settlement cost, including
settlement expenses but after deduction of expected
reinsurance recoveries, of claims expected to be
incurred after the balance date in respect of policies
in force at the balance date, exceeds the unearned
premium reserve.
(3) The Commission may prescribe guidelines for the estimation of amounts
set out in sub-section (2).

35. Net admissible assets of life insurers.- (1) A life insurer shall at all
times maintain in its shareholders’ fund a surplus of admissible assets in
Pakistan over liabilities in Pakistan of not less than the required minimum
40
amount.
(2) For the purposes of the preceding sub-section, the required minimum
amount is seventy-five million rupees or such higher amount as may be
prescribed:
Provided that for the period from the commencement date and
until 31st December 2004, in respect of an insurer which is
authorised to carry on insurance business on the commencement
date, this sub-section shall apply as if the amount of seventy-five
million rupees specified therein shall be substituted by the amount
of thirty million rupees.
(3) A life insurer shall, in each statutory fund maintained by it for the
conduct of business other than investment-linked business, maintain at all
times a surplus of admissible assets in Pakistan over liabilities in
Pakistan, other than policyholder liabilities, equal to or greater than the
amount of policyholder liabilities calculated in accordance with such
principles as may be prescribed by the Commission.
(4) A life insurer shall, in each statutory fund maintained by it for the
conduct of investment-linked business, maintain at all times a surplus of
admissible assets in Pakistan over liabilities in Pakistan, other than
policyholder liabilities, equal to or greater than a sum calculated in
accordance with such principles as may be prescribed by the
Commission.
(5) A life insurer shall, in each statutory fund maintained by it, maintain at
all times, in each currency in which the policy liabilities of that statutory
fund are denominated, a surplus of admissible assets denominated in such
currency over liabilities including policyholder liabilities denominated in
such currency, in an amount to be determined in accordance with such
provisions in this respect as the Commission shall prescribe.
(6) Where a life insurer has issued policies the benefits under which are
payable in a currency other than Pakistan Rupees, securities denominated
in that currency and issued and guaranteed as to principal and profit or
return (however called or designated) by the Government of the country
in whose currency such benefits are expressed, shall be deemed for the
purposes of this section to be admissible assets of a statutory fund to
which such policies are referable.
(7) The Federal Government may prescribe a percentage or percentages of
the assets of the shareholders’ fund of a life insurer, or of a statutory fund
of a life insurer, other than a statutory fund which contains only
investment-linked policies, which shall be invested in Government
securities, or in a combination of Government securities and other
approved securities.
(8) The aggregate of percentages prescribed under sub-section (7) shall not
exceed forty per cent.

36. Insurers of non-life insurance business to have assets in excess of
minimum solvency requirement.- (1) An insurer registered under this
Ordinance to carry on non-life insurance business shall at all times have
admissible assets in Pakistan in excess of its liabilities in Pakistan of an
amount greater than or equal to the minimum solvency requirement.
41
(2) An insurer incorporated in Pakistan and registered under this Ordinance
to carry on non-life insurance shall at all times have admissible assets in
excess of its liabilities of an amount greater than or equal to the minimum
solvency requirement.
(3) For the purposes of this section, the minimum solvency requirement is
the greatest of:
(a) such required minimum amount as may be prescribed by
the Commission;
(b) such percentage as may be prescribed by the Commission
of its earned premium revenue in the preceding twelve
months, net of reinsurance expense subject to a maximum
deduction for reinsurance of fifty per cent of the gross
figure; and
(c) such percentage as may be prescribed by the Commission
of the sum of its liability for unexpired risk and its liability
for outstanding claims, net of reinsurance subject to a
maximum deduction for reinsurance in each case of fifty
per cent of the gross figure:
Provided that in the case of an insurer incorporated in a
jurisdiction outside Pakistan the amounts set out in clauses (b) and
(c) of this sub-section shall be calculated with reference to the
earned premium revenue, unexpired risk liability and outstanding
claims liability and related reinsurance balances of that insurer in
respect of its insurance business in Pakistan only.
(4) The Commission may direct an insurer not to deal with any specified
asset for any specified period of time in order to ensure compliance by
the insurer with the provisions of this Part.

37. Prohibition of loan.- (1) No insurer shall grant to, or to any member of
the family of, any director, chief executive, appointed actuary, or auditor
of the insurer any loan or temporary advance, whether secured by an
encumbrance of property or otherwise except a loan, secured by a life
policy issued by the insurer, of not more than eighty per cent. of the
surrender value of that policy.
(2) Except with the prior approval of the Board of Directors at a regularly
convened meeting by the vote of not less than two-thirds of the total
number of directors, no insurer shall grant any loan or temporary advance
to any firm or company in which any director, manager, actuary, auditor
or officer of the insurer, or any member of the family of such director,
manager, actuary, auditor or officer has any interest as proprietor, partner,
director, manager or managing agent:
Provided that no such approval shall be required if the loan is
secured by a life policy issued by the insurer and is an amount not
exceeding eighty per cent. of the surrender value of that policy.
(3) The director concerned shall not vote at, or otherwise participate in the
proceedings of the meeting of the Board considering the grant of any
such loan or advance as is referred to in sub-section (2).
(4) Where any event occurs giving rise to circumstances the existence of
which at the time of the grant of any subsisting loan or temporary
advance would have made such grant a contravention of sub-section (1)
or sub-section (2), such loan shall, notwithstanding any contract to the
contrary, be repaid within three months from the occurrence of such
event and in case of default, the director, manager, actuary, auditor or
officer concerned shall, without prejudice to any other penalty to which
he may be liable, cease to hold office with the insurer granting the loan or
42
advance on the expiry of the said three months.
(5) Nothing in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall apply to loans or
advances granted by an insurer to a banking company or to a subsidiary
company (being an insurer) or to any insurer to which the insurer
granting the loan or advance is a subsidiary company.
(6) Nothing in sub-section (1) shall apply to any stipend paid to any
insurance agent while he is undergoing a course of training approved by
the Federal Government.
(7) The provisions of section 195 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII
of 1984), shall not apply to a loan granted to a director of an insurer being
a company, if the loan is one granted on the security of a policy on which
the insurer bears risk and the policy was issued to the director on his own
life, and the loan is of an amount not more than eighty per cent. of the
surrender value of the policy.
(8) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an insurer may make a loan
or temporary advance to an employee or agent of that insurer in
accordance with such conditions as may be prescribed by the
Commission.
(9) With effect from the commencement date, no loan or temporary advance
granted under this section by a life insurer to an employee or an agent of
the insurer, other than a loan granted on the security of a policy issued to
the employee or agent on his own life and on which the insurer bears risk,
shall be made other than from the shareholders’ fund of the insurer.

38. Liability of directors, etc for loss due to contraventions of sections 35,
36 or 37.- If by reason of a contravention of any of the provisions of
sections 35, 36 or 37, any loss is sustained by the insurer or by the policy
holders, every director, manager or officer of the insurer who is
knowingly a party to such contravention shall, without prejudice to any
other penalty to which he may be liable under this Ordinance, be jointly
and severally liable to make good the amount of such loss.

39. Assets of insurer how to be kept.- None of the assets in Pakistan of any
insurer shall, except in the case of deposits made with the State Bank of
Pakistan under section 29, or in the case of assets, other than deposits,
with a scheduled bank acting as a custodian, be kept otherwise than in the
corporate name and under the direct control of the insurer and, in the case
of assets of a statutory fund of a life insurer, in the name of the statutory
fund.

PART VI
REINSURANCE ARRANGEMENTS

40. Special definitions and conditions applicable to this Part.- (1) In this
Part:
(a) “Company” means the Pakistan Reinsurance Company
Limited; and
(b) “net retention” means the part of the sum insured in respect
of any one risk which is retained by an insurer to his own
43
account.
(2) This Part, other than section 41, shall cease to have effect on the
happening of either of the following events:
(a) the effective date of a direction by the Commission to the
Company to cease entering into new contracts of insurance;
or
(b) the Federal Government ceasing to hold a controlling
ownership interest in the Company.
(3) A provision of this Part, other than section 41, shall not have effect with
respect to an insurer if and to the extent that complying with that
provision would cause that insurer to contravene a provision of section 11
or section 41.
(4) For the purposes of this Part other than section 41 and this section, the
Company is not an insurer.

41. Requirement to effect and maintain reinsurance arrangements.- (1)
An insurer shall effect and shall at all times maintain such reinsurance
arrangements as are, in the opinion of the directors (or such other person
or body responsible for conducting the management and business of the
insurer), formed on reasonable grounds, having regard to the exposures of
the insurer in respect of individual contracts accepted and in respect of
aggregate losses arising out of individual events, adequate to ensure
continuing compliance by the insurer with the provisions of this
Ordinance relating to solvency.
(2) Every insurer shall submit to the Commission, in the manner
prescribed by the Commission and not less than one month prior to the
coming into effect, or as soon as practicable thereafter, of any treaty
reinsurance arrangement entered into by the insurer as cedant, such
features of that reinsurance arrangement as may be prescribed by the
Commission.
(3) Where any reinsurance treaty the particulars of which have been
submitted to the Commission under sub-section (2) is altered or any new
treaty reinsurance arrangement is made after the submission of the
information under sub-section (2), the insurer concerned shall submit to
the Commission, in the manner prescribed by the Commission,
particulars of such alteration in the treaty or such new treaty reinsurance
arrangement within one month of such alteration or arrangement and
shall submit such further information or clarification as the Commission
may require.
(4) The Commission may, at any time and after giving the insurer an
opportunity of being heard, for reasons to be recorded in writing, direct
the insurer to make such modifications in his reinsurance arrangements as
the Commission may specify.
(5) The Federal Government may make rules, not inconsistent with subsection (1), governing the reinsurance outside Pakistan, other than on a
treaty basis, of insurance business underwritten by an insurer in Pakistan.
Explanation:- For the purposes of this section, “reinsurance” includes
“retrocession”.

42. Compulsory cession.- (1) Every insurer shall in each year reinsure with
44
the Company and the Company shall accept by way of reinsurance not
less than such proportion, subject to the maximum of twenty per cent on
any individual risk, of the sum insured on each direct non-life insurance
contract issued by the insurer in Pakistan in that year, as is determined on
such basis as may, from time to time, be notified by the Federal
Government in the official Gazette.
(2) The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette,
direct that every insurer shall offer to reinsure with the Company such
proportion as is determined on such basis as may be specified in such
notification of its direct non-life insurance business which is in excess of
the aggregate of:
(a) the insurer’s net retention;
(b) the sum insured required to be reinsured under sub-section
(1); and
(c) the sum insured otherwise reinsured with the Company or
with any other insurer in Pakistan but excluding any part
reinsured outside Pakistan.

(3) The reinsurance set out in sub-section (1) shall for the purposes of this
Ordinance constitute a treaty contract of reinsurance between the insurer
and the Company, operating on a risks attaching basis.
(4) Whoever contravenes the foregoing provisions of this section shall be
punishable with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees and with
a further fine which may extend to one thousand rupees for every day
after the day on which the contravention continues.
(5) The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette and
on reasonable grounds, exempt any insurer and the Company from the
preceding requirements of this section so far as concerns any part of any
class or sub-class of business.

43. Premiums and statements.- (1) Every insurer shall pay the amount
payable on account of reinsurance with the Company as required under
sub-section (1) of section 42, within such period as may be prescribed by
regulations and in default of such payment shall be liable to pay the
Company for the period during which the default continues a penalty
calculated on the amount of the defaulted premium at the base rate
prevailing on the date on which the default first occurred.
(2) Every insurer shall submit to the Company in such manner and form and
within such period as may be prescribed by regulations, a statement
relating to his business reinsured with the Company under sub-section (1)
of section 42.
(3) Whoever contravenes sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall be
punishable with a fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees and with
a further fine which may extend to one thousand rupees for every day
after the day on which the contravention continues.
(4) The Company may call for or examine or cause to be examined such
relevant accounts, books, documents, memoranda or other records of an
insurer as it may reasonably require for the purpose of verifying the
correctness of the claims, declarations, returns, statements or other
information submitted to it by that insurer.
(5) An insurer shall, when called upon to do so under sub-section (4),
produce and make freely accessible to the Company or to its
representative duly authorised in this behalf such accounts, books,
documents, memoranda or other records as are in his possession or
45
control, and shall otherwise facilitate the examination thereof.
(6) Whoever wilfully obstructs the Company or any person authorised by it
in the exercise of its or his power or performance of functions under subsection (4), or fails without reasonable cause to comply with a request
made thereunder, or who, being an insurer, fails otherwise to comply with
a duty imposed on that insurer under sub-section (5), shall, in respect of
each occasion on which any such obstruction or failure takes place, be
punishable with fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees.

44. Rules and regulations for the administration of compulsory
reinsurances.- (1) The Federal Government may make such rules and
regulations and issue such notifications as are necessary for the
administration of section 42 and section 43.
(2) Rules, regulations and notifications, made under the authority of the
Pakistan Insurance Corporation Act 1952 for the purposes of section 26
of that Act and in force as at the commencement date, shall be deemed to
have been made under the provisions of the preceding sub-section and
shall apply mutatis mutandis except in so far as and to the extent that they
conflict with the provisions of this Ordinance.

PART VII
ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT

45. Books and records.- (1) Every insurer, in respect of all insurance
business transacted by him, and in the case of an insurer incorporated in a
jurisdiction outside Pakistan in respect of the insurance business
transacted by the insurer in Pakistan, shall maintain proper books and
records.
(2) Books, accounts and records in respect of insurance business transacted
in Pakistan shall be maintained in Pakistan and in either the English or
the Urdu language.
(3) For the purposes of this Ordinance, proper books and records shall
include without limitation:
(a) a register or record of policies, in which shall be entered, in
respect of every policy issued by the insurer, the name and
address of the policy holder, the date when the policy was
effected and a record of any transfer, assignment or
nomination of which the insurer has notice;
(b) a register or record of claims, in which shall be entered
every claim made together with the date of the claim, the
name and address of the claimant and the date on which the
claim was discharged, or, in the case of a claim which is
rejected, the date of rejection and the grounds therefor; and
(c) such other books and records as may from time to time be
prescribed.
(4) For the purposes of this Ordinance, the expression “books” includes –
46
(a) a register;
(b) accounts or accounting records, however compiled,
recorded or stored;
(c) a document; and
(d) any other record of information.
(5) A book that is required by this Ordinance or the Companies Ordinance,
1984 to be kept or prepared by an insurer may be kept or prepared
(a) by making entries in a bound or looseleaf book;
(b) by recording or storing the matters concerned by means of
a mechanical, electronic or other device; or
(c) in any other manner approved by the Commission.
Provided that the matters recorded or stored are capable, at
any time, of being reproduced in a written form or a
reproduction of those matters is kept in a written form
approved by the Commission.
(6) An insurer shall take all reasonable precautions, including such
precautions, if any, as may be prescribed, for guarding against damage to,
destruction of or falsification of or in, and for discovery of falsification of
or in, any book or part of a book required to be kept or prepared by an
insurer.

46. Accounting and reporting.- (1) Every insurer shall at the expiration of
each year prepare and deliver to the Commission with reference to that
year annual statutory accounts comprising the following statements duly
audited by an approved auditor:
(a) in the case of a life insurer, –
(i) a statement of assets and liabilities for each statutory
fund operated by the life insurer and the
shareholders’ fund;
(ii) a statement of profits and losses for the
shareholders’ fund;
(iii) a statement of cash flows for each statutory fund
operated by the life insurer and the shareholders’
fund;
(iv) a revenue account for each statutory fund operated
by the life insurer;
(v) a statement of premiums for each statutory fund
operated by the life insurer;
(vi) a statement of claims for each statutory fund
operated by the life insurer;
(vii) a statement of expenses for each statutory fund
operated by the life insurer;
(viii) a statement of investment income for each statutory
fund operated by the life insurer
(ix) such other statements as may be prescribed by the
Federal Government;
each in such form as may be prescribed by the Commission
and prepared in accordance with such regulations as are
issued by the Commission from time to time in this behalf;
(b) in the case of a non-life insurer,
47
(i) a statement of assets and liabilities;
(ii) a statement of profits and losses;
(iii) a statement of cash flows;
(iv) a statement of premiums;
(v) a statement of claims;
(vi) a statement of expenses;
(vii) a statement of investment income;
(viii) a statement of claims analysis;
(ix) a statement of exposures; and
(x) such other statements as may be prescribed by the
Federal Government;
each in such form as may be prescribed by the Commission
and prepared in accordance with such regulations as are
issued by the Commission from time to time in this behalf.
(2) Every insurer shall furnish, to the Commission, following the last day of
December, March, June and September in each year, a statement of assets
and liabilities in the form and prepared in accordance with the regulations
prescribed under the preceding sub-section made up as of that date and
such statement shall be certified by a principal officer of the insurer.
Provided that an actuarial valuation of policyholder liabilities
as at the date to which such statement is made up is not required
by virtue of this sub-section alone, and that the regulations
prescribed under this sub-section shall provide for the
determination of the value which is to be attributed to policyholder
liabilities for the purposes of this sub-section.
(3) In the case of an insurer registered to conduct life insurance business,
such statement shall be furnished separately in respect of each statutory
fund maintained by the life insurer and in respect of the shareholders’
fund.
(4) The statements referred to in the foregoing sub-sections shall be prepared
in respect of all insurance business transacted by an insurer except that in
the case of an insurer incorporated in a jurisdiction outside Pakistan, the
statement shall be prepared in respect of the insurance business transacted
by the insurer in Pakistan.
(5) In the case of a life insurer having in force policies which are investmentlinked, the statement referred to in sub-section (2) shall be accompanied
by a statement, signed in the case of a company by any two directors and
the principal officer of the company, and in the case of an insurer
incorporated in a jurisdiction outside Pakistan, by its principal officer in
Pakistan and any two directors (or the closest comparable officer
equivalent thereto), containing the following particulars in respect of its
investment-linked business:
(a) the assets underlying the units linked to policies in force;
(b) the values assigned to each such asset;
(c) the valuation placed on the units; and
(d) the amount of any provisions made in determining the
valuation.
(6) The statements referred to in sub-section (1) shall be signed, in the case
of a company, by the chairman, if any, and two directors and the principal
officer of the company, or in the case of an insurer incorporated in a
jurisdiction outside Pakistan, by its principal officer in Pakistan and any
two directors (or the closest comparable officer equivalent thereto) and
shall be accompanied by a statement containing the names and
descriptions of the persons in charge of the management of the business
during the period to which such accounts and statements refer; by a report
by such persons on the affairs of the business during that period; and a
48
statement by such persons signed by the same persons who have signed
the accounts that
(a) in their opinion the annual statutory accounts of the insurer
set out in the forms attached to the statement have been
drawn up in accordance with the Ordinance and any rules
made thereunder;
(b) the insurer has at all times in the year complied with the
provisions of the Ordinance and the rules made thereunder
relating to paid-up capital, solvency and reinsurance
arrangements; and
(c) as at the date of the statement, the insurer continues to be
in compliance with the provisions of the Ordinance and the
rules made thereunder relating to paid-up capital, solvency
and reinsurance arrangements.

47. Compliance with companies laws relating to accounts, reports, etc.-
(1) Every insurer being a company shall deliver to the Commission in
such manner as may be prescribed such additional copies as may be
prescribed of all accounts, documents, reports and returns filed under the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 at the same time as they are required to be
filed thereunder.
(2) An insurer incorporated in a jurisdiction outside Pakistan registered as an
insurer shall comply with all applicable requirements of Part XIV of the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 and shall provide to the Commission in such
manner as may be prescribed such additional copies as may be prescribed
of all accounts, documents, reports and returns filed thereunder at the
same time as they are required to be filed under the Companies
Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984);
(3) In addition to the requirements of the foregoing sub-section, an insurer
which is an insurer incorporated in a jurisdiction outside Pakistan, shall
also provide to the Commission, not later than thirty days from such date
on which such insurer is required to provide such information to any
governmental or independent regulatory authority in accordance with the
laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or other applicable law in the
country in which it has its corporate seat or principal place of business, a
copy of the annual accounts prepared under the laws of the place of its
incorporation and a copy of any public document which shows or
purports to show the annual profit or state of affairs of the insurer in
respect of its business in Pakistan.
(4) Any materials required to be provided under the provisions of subsections (2) and (3), if not in either the English or the Urdu language,
shall be accompanied by certified copies (in such number as may be
required under the Companies Ordinance, 1984 or as may otherwise be
prescribed by the Commission) of an English translation thereof.

48. Audit.- (1) Every insurer shall appoint an auditor who shall be:
(a) approved by the Commission as qualified to perform audits
of insurance companies; and
(b) authorised under the Companies Ordinance to perform
audits of public companies.
(2) The auditor shall in respect of the statements required to be provided
pursuant to sub-section (1) of section 46 express an opinion as to
49
whether:
(a) the statements accurately reflect the books and records of
the company;
(b) the company has maintained proper books and records;
(c) the statements present fairly the state of affairs of the
company as at the balance date and the result of the
company for the financial year ended on that date;
(d) in the case of a life insurer, the apportionment required to
be performed under section 17 has been performed in
accordance with the advice of the appointed actuary; and
(e) the statements have been prepared in accordance with this
Ordinance.
(3) The opinion required to be expressed by an auditor under sub-section (2)
shall be expressed in writing and a copy of the opinion shall be attached
by the insurer to the statements to which it relates, when those statements
are delivered to the Commission.
(4) The auditor shall in the audit of all such accounts and statements have the
powers of, exercise the functions vested in, and discharge the duties and
be subject to the liabilities and penalties imposed on, auditors of
companies by sections 255, 256, 257 and 260 of the Companies
Ordinance, 1984.

49. Special audit.- (1) The Commission may at its discretion appoint an
auditor, approved by the Commission as qualified to perform audits of
insurance companies but not being the auditor, or a partner of the auditor
appointed by the insurance company concerned, to perform an
investigation of such accounts and statements, books and records of an
insurer as the Commission may direct.
(2) An auditor appointed under this section shall have a right of access to all
such books of account, registers, vouchers, correspondence and other
documents of the insurer, and shall be entitled to require from the
directors and officers of this insurer such information and explanation, as
may be necessary for the performance of his functions and duties under
this section.
(3) Every report prepared by an auditor or auditors appointed under this
section shall be submitted to the Commission.
(4) An auditor appointed under this section shall be paid by the insurer such
fees as may be prescribed.
(5) The fee payable by an insurer under sub-section (4) shall be paid to the
auditor within such time as may be specified by the Commission.

50. Actuarial report.- (1) Every insurer carrying on life insurance business
shall, in respect of the life insurance business transacted by it, as at the
end of each year cause an investigation to be made by the appointed
actuary into the financial condition of the life insurance business carried
on by it, including a valuation of its policyholder liabilities in respect
thereto and shall cause the report of the appointed actuary to be made in
accordance with such conditions as may be prescribed by the
Commission.
(2) The provisions of sub-section (1) regarding the making of a report shall
50
apply whenever at any other time an investigation into the financial
condition of the insurer is made with a view to the distribution of profits
or an investigation is made of which the results are made public.
(3) There shall be appended to every such report as is referred to in subsection (1) or sub-section (2) a certificate signed by the principal officer
of the insurer that full and accurate particulars of every policy under
which there is a liability either actual or contingent have been furnished
to the appointed actuary for the purpose of the investigation.
(4) The financial condition report prepared under sub-section (1) shall
include a statement, prepared in conformity with such conditions as may
be prescribed in this behalf, of the life insurance in force at the date to
which the accounts of the insurer are made up for the purposes of such
report.
(5) The financial condition report prepared under sub-section (1) shall
include a statement of the minimum actuarial reserve for policyholder
liabilities calculated in the manner and on the basis prescribed by the
Commission in this behalf.
Explanation: in this section, the “minimum actuarial reserve for
policyholder liabilities” means, for each statutory fund of the
insurer, the amount of policyholder liabilities referred to in subsection (3) of section 35 or the sum referred to in sub-section (4)
of section 35, whichever is applicable to that statutory fund.
(6) If for any statutory fund the amount which, in the opinion of the
appointed actuary, represents a realistic valuation of policyholder
liabilities existing at balance date, including prudent but reasonable
provision for adverse development in those liabilities after balance date,
is greater than the minimum actuarial reserve for policyholder liabilities
for that statutory fund, the financial condition report prepared under subsection (1) shall include a statement of that amount.
(7) The Commission may require an insurer, or insurers generally, to cause
an actuarial investigation to be conducted in such manner as may be
prescribed in respect of such class or sub-class of non-life insurance
business as may be prescribed, and to provide the Commission with a
copy of the actuary’s report on that investigation.

51. Submission of returns.- (1) The audited statements and report referred
to in sub-sections (1) and (5) of section 46 and the report and statement
referred to in section 50, including any report referred to in sub-section
(7) of section 50, shall be furnished as returns to the Commission in such
manner as may be prescribed by the Commission, but in any case
including at least one printed copy, within four months from the end of
the period to which they refer:
Provided that the Commission may on application by an
insurer extend the time allowed by this sub-section for the
furnishing of such returns by a further period not exceeding one
month.
(2) The statement referred to in sub-section (2) of section 46 shall be
furnished as a return to the Commission in such manner as may be
prescribed by the Commission, but in any case including at least one
printed copy, within six weeks from the date to which it is made up:
Provided that the Commission may on application by an insurer
51
extend the time allowed by this sub-section for the furnishing of
such returns by a further period not exceeding fifteen days.
(3) One printed copy of the returns shall be signed in the case of a company
by the chairman and two directors and by the principal officer of the
company and, if the company has a chief executive (by whatever name
called), also by him, and in the case of the report and statement referred
to in section 50 by the actuary who carried out the investigation.
(4) Until 31 December 2000, this section shall apply as though the periods of
four months and six weeks contained therein shall be substituted
respectively by periods of six months and eight weeks.

52. Exemption from certain provisions of the Companies Ordinance,
1984.- (1) The Commission may prescribe a form of balance sheet, profit
and loss account, revenue account and any other statement required to be
filed by life insurers for the purposes of sub-section (5) of section 233 of
the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), and filing made in
such form shall satisfy the requirements of that sub-section.
(2) The statements required to be filed by life insurers for the purposes of
sub-section (5) of section 233 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII
of 1984), shall be deemed to include the following statements, each in
such form as may be prescribed by the Commission:
(a) a statement by the appointed actuary of his opinion as to whether
the policyholder liability included in the balance sheet has been
determined in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance;
(b) a statement by the appointed actuary of his opinion as to whether
each statutory fund of the insurer complies with the solvency
requirements of this Ordinance;
(c) a statement by the directors of the insurer of their opinion as to
whether each statutory fund of the insurer complies with the
solvency requirements of this Ordinance; and
(d) such other statements as may be prescribed by the Commission.

53. Furnishing reports.- Every insurer shall furnish to the Commission a
certified copy of every report on the affairs of the insurer which is
submitted to the members or policy holders of the insurer immediately
after its submission to the members or policy holders, as the case may be.

54. Abstract of proceedings of general meetings.- Every insurer, being a
company or body corporate incorporated under any law for the time being
in force in Pakistan, shall furnish to the Commission a certified copy of
the minutes of the proceedings of every general meeting as entered in the
Minutes Book of the insurer within thirty days from the holding of the
meeting to which it relates.

55. Custody and inspection of documents and supply of copies.- (1)
Every return furnished to the Commission, or a certified copy thereof
shall be kept by the Commission and shall be open to inspection; and any
person may procure a copy of any such return, or of any part thereof, on
payment of such fee as may be prescribed.
(2) A printed or certified copy of the accounts, statements and report
52
furnished in accordance with the provisions of section 46 shall, on the
application of any shareholder or policy holder made at any time within
two years from the date on which the document was so furnished be
supplied, to him by the insurer within fourteen days when the insurer is a
company or body corporate incorporated in Pakistan and in any other
case within one month of such application.
(3) A copy of the memorandum and articles of association of the insurer, if a
company, shall on the application of any policy holder, be supplied to
him by the insurer on payment of such fee as may be prescribed.
56. Power of Commission regarding returns .- If it appears to the
Commission that any return furnished to it under the provisions of this
Ordinance is inaccurate or defective in any material particular, it may:
(a) require from the insurer such further information, certified
if the Commission so directs by an auditor or actuary, as
the Commission may consider necessary to correct or
supplement such return;
(b) call upon the insurer to submit for its examination at the
principal place of business of the insurer in Pakistan any
book of account, register or other document or to supply
any statement which the Commission may specify in a
notice served on the insurer for the purpose;
(c) examine any officer of the insurer on oath in relation to
the return; or
(d) decline to accept any such return unless the inaccuracy
has been corrected or the deficiency has been supplied
before the expiry of one month from the date on which the
requisition asking for correction of the inaccuracy or
supply of the deficiency was delivered to the insurer and
if the Commission declines to accept any such return, the
insurer shall be deemed to have failed to comply with the
provisions of section 46 or section 51 relating to the
furnishing of returns.
57. Power of Commission to order actuarial report .- (1) If it appears to
the Commission that a report prepared under section 50 does not properly
indicate the condition of the affairs of the insurer, the Commission may
after giving notice to the insurer and giving him an opportunity to be
heard, cause an investigation to be made into the financial condition of
the insurer as at such date as the Commission may specify, at the expense
of the insurer, by an actuary appointed by the insurer for this purpose and
approved by the Commission and the insurer shall place at the disposal of
the actuary so appointed and approved all the material required by the
actuary for the purposes of the investigation within such period, not being
less than three months, as the Commission may specify.
(2) Subject to sub-section (3), the provisions of sub-sections (1), (4), (5) and
(6) of section 50, and of sub-section (1) of section 51 shall apply in
relation to an investigation under this section:
Provided that the report and statement prepared as the result of
such investigation shall be furnished by such date as the
Commission may specify.
(3) Where the report first referred to in sub-section (1) was prepared pursuant
to sub-section (7) of section 50, sub-section (2) shall not apply, and the
provisions of sub-section (7) of section 50 shall apply in relation to an
investigation under this section:
Provided that the report prepared as the result of such
investigation shall be furnished by such date and in such manner
as the Commission may specify.
53

58. Evidence of documents.- (1) Every return furnished to the Commission,
which has been certified by the Commission to be a return so furnished,
shall be deemed to be a return so furnished.
(2) Every document, purporting to be certified by the Commission to be a
copy of a return so furnished, shall be deemed to be a copy of that return
and shall be received in evidence as if it were the original return, unless
some variation between it and the original return is proved.

PART VIII
INVESTIGATION, DIRECTIVES, ETC.

59. Power of Commission to order investigation.- (1) If the Commission
believes upon reasonable grounds that an insurer is or is likely to become
unable to meet its liabilities or that there has been or is likely to be a
contravention of the provisions of the Ordinance or the rules made
thereunder by the insurer, it may investigate the affairs of an insurer and
wherever necessary, employ an auditor or actuary or both for assisting it
in any such investigation.
(2) An investigation under sub-section (1) shall be commenced and carried
out in accordance with the provisions of Part VIII of the SECP Act.
Provided that for the purposes of this section, the words “the Court
referred to in Part II of the Ordinance” contained in sub-section (1)
of section 34 of the SECP Act shall be read as though they were
omitted and replaced with the words “the Tribunal”.
(3) When an investigation is made under this section, the Commission may,
after giving an opportunity to the insurer to make a representation in
writing or be heard in person, by order in writing require the insurer to
take such action in respect of any matter arising out of the investigation
as it may consider on reasonable grounds to be necessary to secure
compliance with the provisions of this Ordinance.

60. Power of the Commission to give directions to the insurer.- (1) The
Commission may, if it believes on reasonable grounds that an insurer
registered under this Ordinance has failed, or is about to fail, to comply
with the conditions of registration set out in section 11, issue to the
insurer such directions, not otherwise provided for in this Ordinance, as it
believes on reasonable grounds to be necessary to protect the interests of
the policy holders of the insurer.
(2) The Commission may, on representation made in this behalf, or on its
own motion, modify, or cancel any direction issued under sub-section (1)
and may, in so modifying or cancelling a direction, impose such
conditions as it may deem on reasonable grounds to be appropriate under
the circumstances.
(3) Every insurer shall comply with any direction issued under sub-section
(1) or such direction as modified under sub-section (2) subject to such
54
further conditions, if any, as may be imposed.
(4) The Federal Government may, by rules made in this behalf, provide
(a) for the procedures which the Commission shall follow
with respect to all or any of the matters set out in subsections (1) and (2);
Provided that no powers shall be exercised under
sub-section (1) until such rules, consonant with
the provisions of sub-sections (3) and (4) of
section 22 of the SECP Act, have been made;
and
(b) for any other matter supplementary or incidental to or
consequential on the matters aforesaid for which provision
requires to be made by rules.

61. Power of Commission to call for information and access.- (1) The
Commission may by notice in writing direct any insurer to supply the
Commission, within such period as the notice may specify, with any
information relating to its insurance business which the Commission may
reasonably require.
(2) The Commission may direct that any information supplied under subsection (1) shall be certified by the principal officer of the insurer, by an
independent auditor or in the case of a life insurer by the insurer’s
appointed actuary.
(3) The Commission may by notice in writing direct the chief executive or
principal officer of the insurer to discuss with the Commission any matter
pertaining to the business or management of the insurer.
(4) The Commission may by notice in writing require the insurer to allow
any officers of the Commission nominated for the purpose to observe, for
such period as the Commission may specify, the manner in which the
affairs of the insurer or of any of its offices or branches are being
conducted.

62. Power of Commission to require plan.- (1) The Commission may
direct an insurer to prepare, present to its directors and to the
Commission, and to report to its directors and to the Commission on the
implementation of, a plan for action to rectify or to prevent an actual or
apprehended contravention by the insurer of the conditions of registration
set out in section 11.
(2) The Commission may in making a direction under sub-section (1) direct
that such a plan or report on the implementation thereof contain such
information and be accompanied by such opinions or certificates as the
Commission shall specify.

63. Power of Commission to issue direction to cease entering into new
contracts of insurance.- (1) The Commission may issue a direction to
cease entering into new contracts of insurance if it believes on reasonable
grounds that an insurer registered under this Ordinance has failed, or is
about to fail, to comply with the conditions of registration set out in
section 11.
55
(2) The Commission shall issue a direction to cease entering into new
contracts of insurance if:
(a) a petition is presented for the winding up of the insurer and
has not been withdrawn or vacated within a period of sixty
days;
(b) the whole of the business of an insurer has been transferred
to any person;
(c) the Tribunal has made an order that a direction be given to
that insurer to cease entering into new contracts of
insurance; or
(d) the insurer has failed to comply with a directive issued
under this Ordinance concerning a contravention of the
Ordinance or the rules made thereunder, within the time
specified in the Ordinance or, if not so specified, within the
time specified in the directive or three months, whichever
is longer, and the directive had stated that the failure to
comply would lead to a direction to cease entering into
new contracts of insurance:
Provided that a direction shall not be issued under clause (d)
without giving the insurer an opportunity to be heard.
(3) A direction to cease entering into new contracts of insurance shall have
effect one month from the date of the direction unless a later date is
specified in the direction.
(4) A direction to cease entering into new contracts of insurance shall be
accompanied by a statement of the reasons for the direction.
(5) A direction to cease entering into new contracts of insurance shall only be
revoked if the reasons for the direction as given in the statement required
to be given by the preceding sub-section shall have ceased to exist.
(6) An insurer shall not be in contravention of a direction to cease entering
into new contracts of insurance by reason only that the insurer continues
to carry out its obligations under contracts of insurance entered into
before the direction came into effect.

64. Power to require calling of meeting of directors etc.- If the
Commission is satisfied that such action is necessary for the purposes of
procuring action by an insurance company, or of satisfying itself that
appropriate action is being taken or after an investigation under section
56, the Commission may by order in writing and on such terms and
conditions as may be specified therein:
(a) require an insurance company to call a meeting of its
directors for the purpose of considering any matter relating
to, or arising out of the affairs of the insurer;
(b) require the insurer to allow any officer of the Commission
deputised for the purpose to attend, and to speak at, any
meeting of the Board of Directors of the insurer or of any
committee or other body constituted by the insurer and to
furnish such officer with a copy of the proceedings of such
meeting; or
(c) require the insurer to send in writing to the Commission all
notices of, and other communication relating to, any
meeting of the Board of Directors of the insurer, or of any
committee or other body constituted by the insurer.
56

65. Power to remove Chairman, Director, etc. of the insurer.- (1) If, after
the completion of a special audit under section 49 or investigation under
section 59, or otherwise on reasonable grounds, the Commission has
reason to believe that a person holding the office of Chief Executive,
Chairman, director, manager or principal officer, by whatever name
called (including the principal officer in Pakistan of an insurer
incorporated in a jurisdiction outside Pakistan), of an insurer has
contravened the provisions of any law (including, in the case of a
company any such person having become disqualified under the
provisions of section 187 of the Companies Ordinance) and that the
contravention is of such a nature that the association of such person with
the insurer or insurance broker is or is likely to be detrimental to the
interest of the insurer or of the policy holders, or is otherwise undesirable,
such person not being a fit and proper person to have the charge of an
insurer, the Commission shall make a report of the fact to the Tribunal.
(2) If, after considering a report under sub-section (1) and after giving such
person an opportunity of being heard, the Tribunal is satisfied that the
association with the insurer of the person in respect of whom the report
has been made is or is likely to be detrimental to the interests of the
insurer or the policy holders, or is otherwise undesirable, such person not
being a fit and proper person to have the charge of an insurer, it may
make an order that such person shall cease to hold the office with the
insurer with effect from such date as may be specified in the order, and
thereupon that office shall, with effect from the said date, become vacant.
(3) An order under sub-section (2) in respect of any person may also provide
that he shall not, without the previous permission in writing of the
Tribunal in any way, directly, or indirectly, be concerned with, or take
part in the management of the insurer or any other insurer for such period
not exceeding five years as may be specified in the order.
(4) No order under sub-section (2) shall be made in respect of any person
without giving him an opportunity of being heard unless the Tribunal is
of the opinion that any delay in making the order would be detrimental to
the interest of the insurer or of the policy holders.
(5) The foregoing provisions of this section shall apply to insurance brokers
as they apply to insurers and to such other insurance intermediaries as the
Federal Government may specify by notification in the Gazette.

66. Power to prescribe maximum levels of acquisition costs and
maximum levels of management expenses.- (1) The Commission may
make rules limiting the total amount of acquisition costs which may be
incurred by an insurer in a year.
(2) The Commission may make rules limiting the total amount of
management expenses which may be incurred by an insurer in a year.
(3) Rules made under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall apply to all
insurers to whom the Ordinance applies:
Provided that the rules may differentiate between different categories
of insurance business for the purposes of determining limits.
57
(4) The power conferred by this section shall expire on 31st December next
following the date five years from the commencement date and all rules
made under this section shall be repealed on the expiry of that power.
(5) For the purposes of this section:
(a) “acquisition costs” means such costs as may be prescribed,
incurred in acquiring insurance policies and in maintaining
such policies, and includes without limitation all forms of
remuneration paid to insurance agents and brokers; and
(b) “management expenses” means all expenses incurred by an
insurer, not being reinsurance expenses or claims expenses
or expenses directly referable to claims, and includes
without limitation acquisition costs as defined in this subsection.

PART IX
AMALGAMATION AND TRANSFER
OF INSURANCE BUSINESS

67. Approval of acquisition or transfer.- (1) Any proposed transaction for
the acquisition of a shareholding of more than ten per cent. (10%) in an
insurance company, or, in the case of a non-life insurer, of the whole or
any part exceeding ten per cent. (measured by either the premium income
or the sum of the liabilities for unearned premium and outstanding claims
and the premium deficiency reserve proposed to be acquired) of the
business located in Pakistan of an insurer (whether in one or a number of
related transactions and whether at the same or different times) shall not
proceed unless, on application by the transferor, approval is given by the
Commission.
Explanation: A number of transactions shall be deemed to be related if
there being more than one purchaser, those purchasers are acting together
or in concert or if, in all the facts and circumstances of the case, there is
such a relationship between the purchasers or such common purpose
between them so that it would be reasonable to conclude that the
transactions are related.
(2) The application required under sub-section (1) shall be made in such form
and shall be accompanied by such documents as may be prescribed.
(3) The Commission may, within 15 days from the receipt of the application,
require the applicant to submit such further documents and information as
may be required for it to make an informed decision about the transaction
in the interests of policy holders and shareholders and the applicant shall
provide the same within a period of seven days or such later period as the
applicant may in writing request.
(4) If after sixty days of the receipt of the application or the receipt of any
additional material under sub-section (3), approval has not been granted
or a notice given to the applicant declining approval, the Commission
shall be deemed to have given its approval.
(5) Approval given or deemed to be given by the Commission under this
section shall not preclude the necessity of obtaining any such approval or
consent required to be obtained from the Commission under the
provisions of any other applicable law.

58
68. Amalgamation and transfer of life insurance business.- (1) No life
insurance business of an insurer shall be transferred to any person or
transferred to or amalgamated with the life insurance business of any
other insurer except in accordance with a scheme prepared under this
section and sanctioned by the Court having jurisdiction over one or other
of the parties concerned.
(2) Any scheme prepared under this section shall set out the agreement under
which the transfer or amalgamation is proposed to be effected, and shall
contain such further provisions as may be necessary for giving effect to
the scheme.
(3) Before an application is made to the Court to sanction any such scheme,
notice of the intention to make the application together with a statement
of the nature of the amalgamation or transfer, as the case may be, and of
the reason therefore shall, at least sixty days before the application is
made, be sent to the Commission, and certified copies, four in number, of
each of the following documents shall be furnished to the Commission,
and other such copies shall, during the sixty days aforesaid be kept open
for the inspection of the members and policy holders at the principal and
branch offices and chief agencies of the insurers concerned, namely:-
(a) a draft of the instrument under which it is proposed to
effect the amalgamation or transfer;
(b) statements of assets and liabilities in respect of the
insurance business of each of the insurers concerned in
such amalgamation or transfer, prepared in the form
prescribed by the Commission and in accordance with
regulations issued by the Commission from time to time in
respect of the completion of that form;
(c) an actuarial report on the financial condition of the life
insurance business of each of the insurers so concerned,
prepared in accordance with the regulations issued by the
Commission from time to time in respect of the completion
of that report;
(d) a report on the proposed amalgamation or transfer,
prepared by an independent actuary who has never been
professionally connected with any of the parties concerned
in the amalgamation or transfer at any time in the five years
preceding the date on which he signs his report;
(e) any other reports on which the scheme of amalgamation or
transfer was founded.
(4) The statements of assets and liabilities and reports referred to in clauses
(b) (c) and (d) of sub-section (3) shall all be prepared as at the date to
which the amalgamation or transfer, if sanctioned by the Court, is to take
effect, which date shall not be more than twelve months before the date
on which the application to the Court referred to in that sub-section is
made.

69. Sanction of amalgamation and transfer by Court.- When any
application such as is referred to in sub-section (3) of section 68 is made
to the Court, the Court shall cause, if for special reasons it so directs,
notice of the application to be sent to every person resident in Pakistan or
in a non-Acceding State who is the holder of a life policy of any insurer
concerned and shall cause a statement of the nature and terms of the
amalgamation or transfer, as the case may be, to be published in such
manner and for such period as it may direct, and, after hearing the
directors and such policy holders as apply to be heard any and other
59
persons whom it considers entitled to be heard, may sanction the
arrangement, if it is satisfied that no sufficient objection to the
arrangement has been established and shall make such consequential
orders as are necessary to give effect to the arrangement, including orders
as to the disposal of any deposit made under section 29:
Provided that:-
(a) no part of any deposit made under section 29 by any party
to the amalgamation or transfer shall be returned except
where, after sanction is given to the arrangement, the whole
of the deposit to be made by the insurer carrying on the
amalgamation business or the person to whom the business
is transferred is completed;
(b) only so much shall be returned as is no longer required to
complete the deposit last mentioned in clause (a); and
(c) while the deposit last mentioned in clause (a) remains
uncompleted, no accession, resulting from the arrangement,
to the amount already deposited by the insurer carrying on
the amalgamated business or the person to whom the
business is transferred shall be appropriated as payment or
part payment of any instalment of deposit subsequently due
from him under section 29.

70. Statements required after amalgamation and transfer.- Where an
amalgamation takes place between any two or more insurers, or where
any business of an insurer is transferred, whether in accordance with a
scheme confirmed by the Court or otherwise, the insurer carrying on the
amalgamated business or the person to whom the business is transferred,
as the case may be, shall, within three months from the date of the
completion of the amalgamation or transfer, furnish in duplicate to the
Commission:-
(a) a certified copy of the scheme, agreement or deed under
which the amalgamation or transfer has been effected;
(b) a declaration signed by every party concerned or in the case
of a company by the chairman and by the principal officer
that to the best of their belief every payment made or to be
made to any person whatsoever on account of the
amalgamation or transfer is therein fully set forth and that
no other payments beyond those set forth have been made
or are to be made either in money, policies, bonds, valuable
securities or other property by or with the knowledge of
any party to the amalgamation or transfer; and
(c) where the amalgamation or transfer has not been made in
accordance with a scheme sanctioned by the Court under
section 69:
(i) statements of assets and liabilities in respect of the
insurance business of each of the insurers concerned
in such amalgamation or transfer, prepared in the
form prescribed by the Commission and in
accordance with regulations issued by the
Commission from time to time in respect of the
completion of that form; and
(ii) certified copies of any other reports on which the
scheme of amalgamation or transfer was founded.

PART X
ASSIGNMENT OR TRANSFER OF POLICIES
AND
60
NOMINATION

71. Assignment and transfer of life insurance policies.- (1) A transfer or
assignment of a policy of life insurance, whether with or without
consideration, may be made only by an endorsement upon the policy
itself or by a separate instrument, signed in either case, by the transferor
or by the assignor or his duly authorised agent and duly attested,
specifically setting forth the fact of transfer or assignment.
(2) The transfer or assignment shall be complete and effectual upon the
execution of such endorsement or instrument duly attested but, except
where the transfer or assignment is in favour of the insurer, shall not be
operative as against an insurer and shall not confer upon the transferee or
assignee, or his legal representative, any right to use for the amount of
such policy or the moneys secured thereby until a notice in writing of the
transfer or assignment and either the said endorsement or instrument
itself or a copy thereof certified to be correct by both transferor and
transferee or their duly authorised agents have been delivered to the
insurer:
Provided that where the insurer maintains one or more places
or business in Pakistan such notice shall be delivered only at the
place in Pakistan mentioned in the policy for the purpose or at his
principal place of business in Pakistan.
(3) The date on which the notice referred to in sub-section (2) is delivered to
the insurer shall regulate the priority of all claims under a transfer or
assignment as between persons interested in the policy and where there is
more than one instrument of transfer or assignment the priority of the
claims under such instruments shall be governed by the order in which
the notices referred to in sub-section (2) are delivered.
(4) Upon the receipt of the notice referred to in sub-section (2), the insurer
shall record the fact of such transfer or assignment together with the date
thereof and the name of the transferee or the assignee and shall, on the
request of the person by whom the notice was given, or of the transferee
or assignee, grant a written acknowledgment of the receipt of such notice,
and any such acknowledgment shall be conclusive evidence against the
insurer that he has duly received the notice to which such
acknowledgment relates.
(5) Subject to the terms and conditions of the transfer or assignment, the
insurer shall, from the date of the receipt of the notice referred to in subsection (2) recognise the transferee or assignee named in the notice as the
only person entitled to benefit under the policy, and such person shall be
subject to all liabilities and equities to which the transferor or assignor
was subject at the date of the transfer or assignment and may institute any
proceedings in relation to the policy without obtaining the consent of the
transferor or assignor or making him a party to such proceedings.
(6) Notwithstanding any law or custom having the force of law to the
contrary, an assignment in favour of a person made with the condition
that it shall be inoperative or that the interest shall pass to some other
person on the happening of a specified event during the lifetime of the
person whose life is insured, and an assignment in favour of the survivor
or survivors of a number of persons shall be valid.
61
(7) No transferee or assignee of a life insurance policy issued by a mutual
insurance company shall become a member of that company by reason
only of such transfer or assignment.

72. Nomination by policy holder.- (1) The holder of a policy of life
insurance on his own life, may, when effecting the policy or at any time
before the policy matures for payment, nominate the person or persons to
whom the money secured by the policy shall be paid in the event of his
death:
Provided that where any nominee is a minor, it shall be lawful
for the policy holder to appoint in the prescribed manner any
person to receive the money secured by the policy in the event of
his death during the minority of the nominee.
(2) Any such nomination in order to be effectual shall, unless it is
incorporated in the text of the policy itself, be made by an endorsement
on the policy communicated to the insurer and registered by him in the
record relating to the policy and any such nomination may, at any time
before the policy matures for payment, be cancelled or changed by an
endorsement or a further endorsement or a will, as the case may be, but
unless notice in writing of any such cancellation or change has been
delivered to the insurer the insurer shall not be liable for any payment
under the policy made bona fide by him to a nominee mentioned in the
text of the policy or registered in records of the insurer.
(3) The insurer shall furnish to the policy holder a written acknowledgment
of having registered a nomination or a cancellation or change thereof.
(4) A transfer or assignment of a policy made in accordance with section 71
shall automatically cancel a nomination:
Provided that the assignment of a policy to the insurer who bears
the risk on the policy at the time of the assignment in
consideration of a loan granted by that insurer on the security of
the policy within its surrender value, or its re-assignment on
repayment of the loan shall not cancel a nomination, but shall
affect the right of the nominee only to the extent of the insurer’s
interest in the policy.
Provided further that the assignment of a policy to a party other
than the insurer who bears the risk on the policy at the time of the
assignment, in consideration of a loan granted by that person on
the security of the policy within its surrender value shall not
cancel a nomination but shall suspend it, to the extent of the
interest of that person in the policy, until such time as the policy is
re-assigned on repayment of the loan.
(5) Where the policy matures for payment during the lifetime of the person
whose life is insured or where the nominee or, if there are more nominees
than one, all the nominees die before the policy matures for payment, the
amount secured by the policy shall be payable to the policy holder or his
heirs or legal representatives or the holder of a succession certificate, as
the case may be.
(6) Where the nominee or, if there are more nominees than one, a nominee or
nominees, survive the person whose life is insured the amount secured by
the policy shall be payable to such survivor or survivors.
(7) The provisions of this section shall not apply to any policy of life
insurance to which section 6 of the Married Women’s Property Act, 1874
(III of 1874), applies or has at any time applied:
Provided that where a nomination made before the
62
commencement of this Ordinance, in favour of the wife of the
person who has insured his life or of his wife and children or any
of them, is expressed, whether or not on the face of the policy, as
being made under this section, the said section 6 shall be deemed
not to apply or not have applied to the policy.

73. Nomination under group life policies.- (1) A person whose life is
insured under a contract of group life insurance may at any time nominate
the person or persons to whom the money secured by the policy shall be
paid in the event of his death:
Provided that where any nominee is a minor, it shall be lawful for
the person whose life is insured to appoint in the prescribed
manner any person to receive the money secured by the policy in
the event of his death during the minority of the nominee.
(2) A nomination made under sub-section (1) shall be made in such manner
as may be prescribed.

PART XI
MARKET CONDUCT

74. Application of this Part only to direct insurance business.- The
provisions of this Part shall apply only to direct insurance business.

75. Duty of utmost good faith.- (1) A contract of insurance is a contract
based on the utmost good faith and there shall be implied in such a
contract a provision requiring each party to it to act towards the other
party, in respect of any matter arising under or in relation to it, with the
utmost good faith.
(2) If reliance by a party to a contract of insurance on a provision of the
contract would be to fail to act with the utmost good faith, the party may
not rely on the provision.
(3) In deciding whether reliance by an insurer on a provision of the contract
of insurance would be to fail to act with the utmost good faith, the
Tribunal shall have regard to any notification of the provision that was
given to the policy holder, whether or not the insurer was required by this
Ordinance to give such notification.
(4) The effect of this section is not limited or restricted in any way by any
other law, including the subsequent provisions of this Part, but this
section does not have the effect of imposing on an policy holder, in
relation to the disclosure of a matter to the insurer, a duty other than the
duty of disclosure

76. Insurer not to engage in misleading or deceptive conduct.- (1) An
insurer shall not, in the course of its business as an insurer, engage in
conduct that is misleading or deceptive or is likely to mislead or deceive.
(2) The inclusion in an insurance policy of unusual terms tending to limit the
63
liability of the insurer, without the express acknowledgement of the
policy holder, shall constitute misleading or deceptive conduct.
(3) Nothing contained in sub-section (2) shall be taken as limiting by
implication the generality of sub-section (1).
(4) Where a policy holder has relied upon any representations by an insurer
or by an agent of an insurer which are incorrect in any material particular,
inasmuch as it has the effect of misleading or deceiving the policy holder
in entering into a policy, the policy holder shall be entitled to obtain
compensation from the insurer for any loss suffered.
(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of the foregoing sub-section, the
Commission shall also have the power to levy a fine on the insurer which
shall be equal to the lesser of twice the loss determined to be suffered by
the policy holder under the foregoing sub-section and ten million rupees.

77. Construction of ambiguities in favour of policy holder.- (1) Any
ambiguity in a contract of insurance shall not be capable of being
construed in a manner which is contrary to the interests of the policy
holder.
(2) An insurer or an insurance intermediary shall:
(a) when drafting policy documentation, make reasonable efforts
to use plain language; and
(b) when drafting proposal forms and claim forms, make
reasonable efforts to ensure that it identifies in those
documents the usual information the insurer ordinarily
requires to be disclosed; and that those documents are in
plain language and provide instructions where necessary on
how the questions should be answered; and comply with the
law.
(3) Failure to comply with foregoing sub-sections shall be an absolute bar
and shall preclude an insurer from refusing payment of a claim on
grounds of non-compliance or non-disclosure by the policy holder, where
it may reasonably be determined that the non-compliance or nondisclosure resulted from inadequate understanding by the policy holder of
the language of the policy, proposal or claim form as a result of such
failure.

78. Exclusion of provisions of Ordinance void; an offence.- Where any
provision in a contract of insurance has the effect of modifying or
excluding, to the prejudice of any person other than the insurer, any
applicable provision of this Ordinance, any such provision shall be void
and the insurer shall be liable to punishment for an offence under this
Ordinance.

79. Remedies for non-disclosure or misrepresentation.- (1) This section
shall apply where the person who became the policy holder under a
contract of insurance upon the contract being entered into:
(a) failed to comply with the duty of disclosure; or
(b) made a misrepresentation to the insurer before the contract
was entered into.
(2) The insurer may not avoid a contract of insurance by reason only of the
64
failure to comply with the duty of disclosure or the misrepresentation if:
(a) the insurer would have entered into the contract, for the
same premium and on the same terms and conditions, even
if the insured had not failed to comply with the duty of
disclosure or had not made the misrepresentation before the
contract was entered into; or
(b) the failure to comply with the duty of disclosure or the
misrepresentation was not fraudulent:
Provided that in circumstances to which clause (b) refers, the
insurer shall be entitled to be placed, in such manner, not
otherwise inconsistent with this sub-section, as may be prescribed,
in a position in which the insurer would have been if the failure
had not occurred or the misrepresentation had not been made.
(3) Subject to sub-section (2), if the failure was fraudulent or the
misrepresentation was made fraudulently, the insurer may avoid the
contract.
(4) Nothing in this section shall affect any right of an insurer to recover
damages from any person in respect of loss suffered by the insurer as a
result of a fraudulent act by that person, or any criminal liability to which
any person may be subject by reason of a fraudulent act by that person.

80. Policy not to be called in question on ground of mis-statement after
two years.-Notwithstanding anything in section 79, no policy of life
insurance effected before the commencement date of this Ordinance shall
after the expiry of two years from the commencement date of this
Ordinance and no policy of life insurance effected after the
commencement date shall, after the expiry of two years from the date on
which it was effected, be called in question by an insurer on the ground
that a statement made in the proposal for insurance or in any report of a
medical officer, or referee, or friend of the policy holder, or in any other
document leading to the issue of the policy, was inaccurate or false,
unless the insurer shows that such statement was on a material matter or
suppressed facts which it was material to disclose and that it was
fraudulently made by the policy holder and that the policy holder knew at
the time of making it that the statement was false or that it suppressed
facts which it was material to disclose:
Provided that nothing in this section shall prevent the insurer from
calling for proof of age at any time if he is entitled to do so, and
no policy shall be deemed to be called in question merely because
the benefits payable under the policy are adjusted on subsequent
proof that the age of the life insured was incorrectly stated in the
proposal.

81. Tribunal may disregard avoidance in certain circumstances.- (1) In
any proceedings by the policy holder in respect of a contract of insurance
that has been avoided on the ground of fraudulent failure to comply with
the duty of disclosure or fraudulent misrepresentation, the Tribunal may,
if it would be harsh and unfair not to do so, but subject to this section,
disregard the avoidance and, if it does so, shall allow the policy holder to
recover the whole, or such part as the Tribunal thinks just and equitable
in the circumstances, of the amount that would have been payable if the
contract had not been avoided.
(2) The power conferred by sub-section (1) may be exercised only where the
Tribunal is of the opinion that, in respect of the loss that is the subject of
the proceedings before the Tribunal, the insurer has not been prejudiced
65
by the failure or misrepresentation or, if the insurer has been so
prejudiced, the prejudice is minimal or insignificant.
(3) In exercising the power conferred by sub-section (1), the Tribunal
(a) shall have regard to the need to deter fraudulent conduct in
relation to insurance; and
(b) shall weigh the extent of the culpability of the policy holder
in the fraudulent conduct against the magnitude of the loss
that would be suffered by the policy holder if the avoidance
were not disregarded,
but may also have regard to any other relevant matter.
(4) The power conferred by sub-section (1) applies only in relation to the loss
that is the subject of the proceedings before the Tribunal, and any
disregard by the Tribunal of the avoidance does not otherwise operate to
reinstate the contract.

82. Cancellation of a life insurance policy for fraudulent claim.- (1)
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Ordinance, a policy of
life insurance may be cancelled in accordance with this section by reason
that a person having or purporting to have rights under the policy has
made a claim under the policy which is fraudulent.
(2) A life insurer may apply to the Tribunal for consent to cancel a policy of
life insurance in accordance with this section.
(3) The life insurer shall give written notice to the policy holder and to any
person identified in the application for consent that an application for
consent under sub-section (2) is to be made.
(4) Where the Tribunal is satisfied with respect to the matters contained in
sub-section (1), the Tribunal shall give its consent and the insurer may at
any time thereafter cancel the policy by written notice to the policy
holder.
(5) Where a policy is cancelled under this section, the Tribunal may on the
application of a person having an interest under the policy award to any
person such amount as is just and equitable under the circumstances.

83. Power of the Commission to prescribe rules for market conduct.- (1)
The Commission may make rules, not inconsistent with this Part, to
govern the conduct of insurers, policy holders and intermediaries in the
insurance market in Pakistan.
(2) A provision of a Rule made under this section which applies to a contract
of insurance to which it is relevant and which is entered into after the
commencement date of that Rule shall be deemed to constitute a
condition of that contract.

84. Commission to have power to undertake compliance visits.- (1) The
Commission may, in accordance with procedures prescribed by rules,
make visits to the offices and branches of insurers and inspect books,
records and papers for the purpose of ensuring compliance with the
provisions of this Part (Market Conduct) and Part XIII (Intermediaries).

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85. Commission to have power to require a survey to be performed .- (1)
The Commission may make rules requiring that an independent survey be
conducted, in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance, in respect
of such class or classes of insurance claims meeting such criteria as may
be prescribed by the Commission.
(2) A survey conducted pursuant to rules made under sub-Rule (1) shall be
conducted at the expense of the insurer and a copy of the report of the
surveyor shall be provided to the policy holder.
(3) The provisions of this section shall not operate to limit, curtail, diminish
or extinguish any liability of the insurer to which the insurer would
otherwise have been subject.

86. Contractual stipulations for placing insurance with specific or named
insurers.- (1) In respect of any contract or arrangement under which one
party to the contract or arrangement requires another party to the contract
or arrangement to procure, effect and pay for or reimburse the costs of
effecting insurance of any property, liability, life or anything connected
with any thereof, it shall be unlawful to stipulate, expressly or impliedly,
directly or indirectly, that the insurance which is to be procured and
effected as a condition of the contract must be placed with any specific or
named insurer or insurers, other than insurers specified generally as a
class according to objective criteria based on financial strength.
(2) Any such stipulation in or arising out of or connected with any such
contract or arrangement made after the commencement date shall be void
and any such stipulation in or arising out of or connected with any such
contract or arrangement made before the commencement of this
Ordinance shall thereafter be subject to the provisions of this section.
(3) If there is any connection or association between a lender and the insurer
it shall be disclosed to the policy holder together with any commissions
received by the lender from the insurer in respect of the insurance
contract. Disclosure shall in each case be made prior to the making of the
contract.
(4) It shall be unlawful for insurance to be taken out by a lender without the
knowledge and consent of the borrower or customer, unless the borrower
or customer having undertaken to do so, has without good cause and for
reasons beyond his control failed to comply with his obligations in this
respect.
(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, until 31st December
2002 lenders may prescribe a listing of unacceptable insurers by name,
provided that no insurer which complies with the paid-up capital
requirements set out in section 28 of this Ordinance, excluding the
provisos to sub-section (2) of that section, may be included on that list.
67

87. Provisions when not to constitute discrimination.- Notwithstanding
anything contained in any other law for the time being in force,
provisions in respect of the terms and conditions of insurance policies,
shall not constitute discrimination provided that differentiation contained
therein is based on reasonable classification and:
(a) is based on actuarial and statistical data from a source on
which it is reasonable to rely; and
(b) is reasonable having regard to the data and any other
relevant factors.
The onus of proving that the insurer has complied with this section shall
lie upon the insurer.

PART XII
SURRENDER, LAPSE AND FORFEITURE OF
CERTAIN LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES

88. Special definitions and interpretation for this Part.- (1) For the
purposes of this Part, a “relevant policy” is a policy of life insurance
under which the whole of the benefits become payable either on, or at a
fixed interval or intervals after, the occurrence of a contingency which is
bound to occur.
(2) In this Part, an amount due under a relevant policy includes a premium
due under that policy but unpaid.

89. Acquisition of surrender value.- (1) A relevant policy which has been
in force for not less than two years shall have a surrender value which
shall be calculated in accordance with the terms of the policy.
(2) In the case of a policy issued before the commencement date and still in
force immediately after the commencement date, the surrender value
shall not at any time be less than the surrender value of the policy
immediately before the commencement date.
(3) Where under the terms of a policy the basis of calculation of the
surrender value may be varied at the discretion of the insurer, the basis of
calculation shall be furnished to the Commission and no variation shall
be made therefrom unless the insurer has, not less than sixty days before
the date of such variation, furnished to the Commission a statement of the
proposed variation and the reasons for that variation, accompanied by a
statement by the appointed actuary of his opinion as to the
appropriateness of the proposed variation.
(4) When an insurer furnishes to the Commission the matters referred to in
the preceding sub-section relating to a proposed variation, the
Commission may within sixty days direct the insurer to make such
changes in the proposed variation as it believes on reasonable grounds to
be necessary for the protection of the interests of policy holders of the
insurer, and the insurer shall comply with any such direction.

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90. Surrender of policy at policy holder’s option.- (1) The holder of a
relevant policy which has been in force for not less than two years may
make, in writing, a request to the insurer to surrender the policy.
(2) Subject to sub-section (3) and sub-section (4), within one month of
receiving a request under sub-section (1), such request not having been
withdrawn by the policy holder, the insurer shall pay to the policy holder
an amount equal to the surrender value of the policy less the amount of
any debt owed to the insurer under, or secured by, the policy.
(3) If an insurer, within fifteen days of receiving a request under sub-section
(1), communicates in writing with the policy holder to request the policy
holder to consider the advantages of maintaining the policy and to seek
professional advice if appropriate, the period of one month referred to in
sub-section (2) shall be extended by fifteen days so far as concerns that
request.
(4) The Tribunal may, on application by an insurer, issue a written order
suspending or varying the insurer’s obligation to make payments under
sub-section (2), where the Tribunal is satisfied that such suspension or
variation is necessary in order to avoid prejudice to:
(a) the financial stability of the insurer; or
(b) the interests of the policy holders of the insurer.
(5) An order issued under sub-section (3) shall:
(a) be valid for such period as the Tribunal may determine; and
(b) be subject to such conditions as the Tribunal may
determine.

91. Surrender of policy at insurer’s option.- (1) A policy which has
acquired a surrender value shall not be surrendered other than at the
request of the policy holder except as set out in this section.
(2) Where the total amount of all debts owed to the insurer under, or secured
by, a relevant policy exceeds the surrender value of that policy, the
insurer may issue to the policy holder a written notice:
(a) setting out the amount owed to the insurer under, or
secured by the policy at the date of the notice (‘the debt’);
(b) setting out the surrender value of the policy at the date of
the notice; and
(c) stating that the policy will be surrendered at the end of 30
days after the notice was issued to the policy holder and the
surrender value applied against the debt, if the excess of the
debt over the surrender value is not paid to the insurer
before the expiry of that period.
(3) Where at least 30 days have elapsed between the issue of a notice set out
in sub-section (2) and the excess of the debt over the surrender value has
not been paid to the insurer, the insurer may by written notice to the
policyholder effect surrender of the policy and apply the surrender value
against the debt, which shall to the extent of the surrender value be
extinguished.

92. Paid-up policy at policy holder’s option.- (1) An insurer shall, within
one month from receipt of an application in writing by the holder of a
relevant policy which has been in force for not less than two consecutive
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years, make the policy paid-up.
(2) If an insurer, within fifteen days of receiving an application under subsection (1), communicates in writing with the policy holder to request the
policy holder to consider the advantages of maintaining the policy in full
force and to seek professional advice if appropriate, the period of one
month referred to in sub-section (1) shall be extended by fifteen days so
far as concerns that application.
(3) A policy which is made paid-up shall have a paid-up sum insured, which,
subject to clause (b) of sub-section (5),-
(a) shall include in full all subsisting reversionary bonuses that
have already attached to the policy; and
(b) shall, where the policy is one on which the maximum
number of premiums payable is fixed and the premiums are
of uniform amount and paid at uniform intervals, be, before
the inclusion of such bonuses not less than such amount as
is prescribed.
(4) A policy made paid-up under this section shall not be entitled by virtue
only of this section to participate in any surplus declared distributable
after the conversion of the policy into a paid-up policy.
(5) If, when an application is made to an insurer under sub-section (1) to
have a policy paid-up, the policy holder owes a debt to the insurer under
the policy, or a debt owed by the policy holder to the insurer is secured
by the policy, the insurer may either:
(a) treat the debt as a debt secured by the paid-up policy; or
(b) in calculating the paid-up sum insured, take the debt into
account in such manner as is approved as equitable by the
appointed actuary.
(6) If in calculating the paid-up sum insured, a debt is taken into account in
accordance with clause (b) of sub-section (5), the debt is discharged.

93. Non-forfeiture.- (1) A relevant policy is not liable to be forfeited only
because of the non-payment of a premium (the “overdue premium”) if –
(a) the policy has been in force for at least two years; and
(b) the surrender value of the policy exceeds the total of:
(i) the amount of the overdue premium; and
(ii) the total of any other amounts owed to the insurer
under, or secured by, the policy.
(2) For the purposes of clause (b) of sub-section (1), the surrender value of
the policy shall be calculated as at the day on which the overdue premium
falls due and shall be calculated as though the premium has been paid.
(3) When the holder of a policy to which this section applies fails to pay a
premium due under that policy, the insurer shall, before the expiry of
three months from the date on which that premium in respect was payable
but not paid, give notice to the policy holder informing him of the options
available to him.
(4) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the policy, the options
available to the policy holder under this section shall include without
limitation two of the following, namely :-
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(a) the policy shall be paid up in accordance with this Part;
(b) the surrender value of the policy shall be applied to the
payment of the premium due until the surrender value is
exhausted;
(c) the policy shall be surrendered in accordance with this Part;
and
(d) the policy shall be surrendered, and the company shall
issue to the policy holder a contract for term life insurance
for a term to be specified by the policy holder and a sum
insured determined on the basis of the surrender value of
the policy surrendered less the amount of any debt owed to
the company under, or secured by, the policy.
(5) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the policy, the action taken
by the insurer with respect to the policy shall be –
(a) if a course of action not stated in the notice issued under
sub-section (3) is agreed in writing between the insurer and
the policy holder, after the policy holder has received the
notice, that course of action;
(b) if the policy holder agrees in writing to an option contained
in the notice issued under sub-section (3), that course of
action;
(c) if the policy holder does not respond to the notice issued
under sub-section (3), and after making reasonable efforts
the insurer is unable to contact the policy holder:
(i) if the policy holder has elected in writing, either at
the time of taking the policy or at any time
thereafter before the cessation of the payment of
premium, that a course of action should be taken;
that course of action; otherwise
(ii) if a course of action (not being the course of action
set out in clause (b) of sub-section (4)) is stated in
the policy, that course of action; otherwise
(iii) the course of action set out in clause (a) of subsection (4).
(6) No commission shall be payable to any person in respect of the
following, namely:-
(a) the application of the surrender value to the payment of
premiums in accordance with clause (b) of sub-section (4);
and
(b) the issue of a contract of term insurance under clause (d) of
sub-section (4).

PART XIII
INTERMEDIARIES

94. This Part to apply only to direct insurance business.- The provisions
of this Part shall apply only to direct insurance business.

95. Liability of Insurer for act or omissions of agent .- (1) Every insurer
shall, so far as relates to a contract of insurance entered into by the
insurer through an agent, be liable to the policy holder for the acts or
omissions of that agent as though that agent were an employee of the
insurer, in circumstances where the policy holder has relied in good faith
on the agent and as a consequence has suffered loss or damage. Liability
71
shall be absolute and shall not be capable of being contracted out of,
either in the agency agreement or on a policy, proposal or other
document.
(2) For the purposes of this Part, any person who, for remuneration arranges
insurance cover for a policy holder or intending policy holder, and who is
not a registered insurance broker, shall be presumed to be the agent of the
insurer in relation to any matter relating to insurance.
(3) The provisions of the foregoing sub-section shall not operate to limit,
curtail, diminish or extinguish any liability of the insurer to which the
insurer would otherwise have been subject.

96. Persons acting as agents.- (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to act
as an agent in respect of an insurer if that person, or, in the case of a body
corporate, any director of the body corporate, or officer of the body
corporate engaging in the business of insurance agency:
(a) is a minor;
(b) has been found of unsound mind by a Court of competent
jurisdiction;
(c) has been found guilty, within the five years preceding the
present date, of criminal misappropriation or criminal
breach of trust, cheating or forgery or an abetment of or
attempt to commit any such offence by a Court of
competent jurisdiction;
(d) has served any custodial sentence imposed by a Court of
competent jurisdiction, ending within the five years
preceding the present date;
(e) has been found guilty by a Court of competent jurisdiction
of any offence involving insurance; or
(f) has been otherwise declared as disqualified by the Tribunal,
other than for a term which had expired prior to the present
date.

(2) It shall be unlawful for any person to act as an agent in respect of an
insurer except under a contract in writing.
(3) Any person who acts as agent in breach of this section, and any insurer
who knowingly permits him to act as agent, shall be guilty of an offence.
(4) A contract of agency shall include, and if it does not, shall be deemed to
include, as a condition, that the agent must obtain the permission of the
insurer before entering into a contract of agency with any other insurer
while the contract with the first or any other insurer remains in force.
(5) A contract of agency which does not disclose any existing contracts of
agency with other insurers shall be deemed to include a warranty that no
other such contracts exist.

97. Minimum qualifications for agents.- The Commission may prescribe
minimum qualifications for persons appointed as insurance agents, which
may extend to educational requirements, experience in the industry and
membership of an approved trade or professional organisation.

98. Insurer to maintain register of agents.- (1) An insurer shall maintain a
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register of all agents employed by the insurer, containing such particulars
as may be prescribed:
Provided that in the case of an insurer deemed to be registered at
the commencement date, the particulars required by section 43 of
the repealed Act to be contained in the register maintained under
that section of the repealed Act shall be deemed to constitute the
particulars required to be maintained under this sub-section, for a
period of one year from the commencement date.
(2) Prior to appointing a person as its agent, and at intervals of not more than
twelve months thereafter during the time the person continues to act as its
agent, an insurer shall obtain from that person in such form as may be
prescribed, a declaration in respect of the following matters:
(a) the information provided by him for inclusion in the
register referred to in sub-section (1) is complete and
correct;
(b) he has complied with the requirements of the Ordinance
concerning the qualifications of agents; and
(c) such other matters as may be prescribed.
(3) It shall be an offence for an insurer to use an agent who has not been
included on the register referred to in sub-section (1), or to use an agent
who has not made the declaration referred to in sub-section (2), or
knowingly to use an agent who has made a false declaration.

99. Payments by and to insurance agents.- (1) Any sums received by an
insurance agent from a policy holder or an insurer, other than
remuneration payable to the agent by the insurer, shall be deemed to be
held on trust for the insurer. Payment by a policy holder to an insurance
agent shall be deemed to constitute payment to the insurer.
(2) Any payment to which sub-section (1) applies shall be passed on to the
insurer or the policy holder (as the case may be) as soon as practicable
and in any case not later than two weeks from receipt by the agent.
(3) No insurance agent shall, except with the approval of the insurer who is
the agent’s principal, pay to or receive from a policy holder or intending
policy holder any sums in relation to a contract of insurance:
Provided that this sub-section shall not operate to relieve any
person from a liability to which that person is otherwise subject by
the operation of this Ordinance.
(4) It shall be unlawful for an agent to deduct from premiums paid by and
received from a policy holder any sums on account of commission due to
the agent.
(5) No payment of commission or other remuneration to an insurance agent
shall be made otherwise than by a crossed cheque, pay order or electronic
funds transfer or in such other manner as may be prescribed:
Provided that this sub-section shall not apply to payments to an
agent which do not in the aggregate in one year exceed the sum of
five thousand rupees.

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100. Duty to disclose agency.- An agent acting for an insurer shall disclose to
the policy holder or intending policy holder the fact that he acts as an
agent for that insurer and any relationship between the agent and the
insurer.

101. Restriction on life insurance agents, becoming directors of life
insurance companies.- (1) No insurance agent who solicits or procures
life insurance business, shall be eligible to be or remain a director of any
insurance company carrying on life insurance business unless he
suspends such solicitation or procurement.
(2) Any insurance agent who contravenes the provisions of sub-section (1)
shall cease to be a director and shall be disqualified from acting as an
insurance agent, for such period as the Tribunal may determine.

102. Insurance brokers to be licensed.- (1) It shall be unlawful for any
person to act as or describe himself or hold himself out or permit himself
to be described or held out as an insurance broker in respect of direct
insurance business unless he holds a current insurance broker’s licence
issued by the Commission.
(2) No person who is not a company shall be eligible to be licensed as an
insurance broker.
(3) An insurance broker’s licence may only be issued by the Commission to
a company which complies with such minimum requirements as may be
prescribed by the Government in respect of:
(a) paid-up capital;
(b) statutory deposits;
(c) professional indemnity insurance; and
(d) such other matters as may be prescribed.
(4) An application for an insurance broker’s licence shall be made in the
prescribed form, and shall be accompanied by the following documents,
namely:-
(a) the memorandum and articles of the broker;
(b) evidence of professional indemnity insurance;
(c) a declaration in a prescribed form to the effect that
neither the applicant nor any director or principal officer
of the applicant is disqualified from holding his office as
such;
(d) a letter of support from not fewer than five registered
insurers in the prescribed form, each signed, on behalf of
the insurer, by a duly authorised representative;
(e) evidence of payment of the prescribed fee; and
(f) such other evidence and documents as may be prescribed.
(5) An insurance broker’s licence shall be issued initially for a period of one
year and may on application in the prescribed form be renewed annually.
(6) The Commission may cancel or refuse to issue or renew a broking
licence, where the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that the
broker has contravened a provision of the Ordinance, including without
limitation that the broker has failed to maintain prescribed minimum
levels of paid-up capital, statutory deposit or professional indemnity
insurance.
(7) The Commission may apply for an order from the Tribunal, that a person
74
is disqualified from acting as an insurance broker, or as a director or
principal officer of an insurance broker, if it demonstrates on reasonable
grounds that the activity of the person as an insurance broker or as a
director or principal officer of an insurance broker would be detrimental
to the interests of policy holders.

103. Brokers to be presumed agents under certain circumstances; liability
of brokers when not so presumed.- (1) A licensed insurance broker
shall be presumed to act as the agent of any insurer with which such
broker has a contract of agency, so far as relates to any policies placed by
that broker with that insurer, and the insurer shall be liable for the
conduct or misconduct of the broker with respect to such policies.
(2) Where a licensed insurance broker is not, by virtue of the foregoing subsection, presumed to act as the agent of an insurer, the broker shall be
liable to the policy holder and the insurer shall not be liable for the
conduct or misconduct of the broker as distinct from itself or its agents,
except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance.
104. Ownership and management interests inter se of brokers and
insurers prohibited.- No insurer and no director of an insurer shall hold
any direct or indirect ownership interest in an insurance broker or take
part in the management or direction of an insurance broker, and vice
versa.

105. Broker’s duty to disclose relationships.- (1) A licensed insurance
broker shall disclose to the policy holder or intending policy holder any
relationship between the broker and any insurer
.
(2) A licensed insurance broker, in placing business with an insurer with
whom the broker has a contract of agency, shall, before the contract of
insurance is effected, inform the intending policy holder of both the
existence of the contract of agency and that the broker is acting as the
agent of the insurer in respect of all matters concerning the contract of
insurance.

106. Payments by and to insurance brokers.- (1) Any sums received by an
insurance broker from a policy holder or an insurer, other than
remuneration payable to the broker by the insurer, shall be deemed to be
held on trust for the insurer. Payment by a policy holder to an insurance
broker shall be deemed to constitute payment to the insurer.
(2) Any amount held by an insurance broker for payment to the policy holder
shall be paid to the policy holder as soon as practicable and in any case in
not less than two weeks.
(3) Any amount held by an insurance broker for payment to the insurer shall
unless the insurer has previously agreed otherwise in writing be paid to
the insurer as soon as practicable.
(4) Any payment of money (other than premium) from an insurance broker to
an insurer or vice versa shall be made by crossed cheque, pay order or
electronic funds transfer.
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107. Requirements in respect of persons ceasing to act as insurance
brokers.- (1) A company ceasing to act as an insurance broker shall
maintain, for such period as may be prescribed, such minimum level of
professional indemnity insurance in respect of liabilities arising from its
activities as an insurance broker to which the company may be subject, as
may be prescribed.

(2) No company formerly acting as an insurance broker may be voluntarily
wound up during the period prescribed in the preceding sub-section.

108. Basis for payment of remuneration by insurers to insurance
brokers.- (1) ..A licensed insurance broker shall not receive from an
insurer or from a person on behalf of an insurer a gift, gratuity, benefit or
other reward (however described) except as remuneration for services
rendered to the insurer:
(a) in arranging or effecting a particular contract of insurance;
(b) in connection with dealing with or settling a claim under a
particular contract of insurance; or
(c) otherwise than in connection with the broker arranging or
effecting contracts of insurance or dealing with or settling
claims under contracts of insurance.
(2) An insurer shall not pay to an insurance broker, and an insurance broker
shall not receive from an insurer, in respect of the arranging or effecting
of contracts of insurance by that insurance broker with the insurer,
remuneration at a rate or on a basis that has been varied having regard to
any one or more of the following:

(a) the number of contracts so arranged or effected;
(b) the total amount of premiums paid or payable under such
contracts;
(c) the total amount of sums insured under such contracts.
109. Insurance brokers to report annually to Commission.- A licensed
insurance broker shall make an annual report to the Commission. Such
report shall include audited accounts of the insurance broking business
and such other information and statements as may be prescribed, each in
such format as may be prescribed.

110. Power to inspect insurance agents and insurance brokers.- The
Commission may, in accordance with procedures prescribed by rules,
visit the premises of an insurance broker or of an agent of an insurance
company, to establish compliance by the broker, or the agent, or any
insurer of which the broker or agent is agent, with the provisions of this
law relating to insurance contracts, brokers and agents.

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111. Persons permitted to act as insurance surveyors.- (1) Subject to subsection (2), it shall be unlawful for any person to act for remuneration as
a surveyor, loss adjuster, or loss assessor (by whatever title called) unless
such person is
(a) an adjuster of aviation or maritime losses; or
(b) a person licensed as a surveyor under this Ordinance.
(2) Nothing in this section shall prevent –
(a) the performance in the course of his employment by an
employee of an insurer of activities of the nature of
insurance surveying for that insurer; or
(b) the expression in the course of his general professional
practice of an expert opinion on the nature, cause or
quantum of an insurance loss by an advocate, solicitor,
accountant, actuary or other professional person engaged in
a profession other than surveying.

112. Licensing of insurance surveyors.- (1) The Commission may, on
application by a person, grant to that person a licence, having a term of
not more than twelve months, to act as a surveyor, where the Commission
is satisfied that that person is qualified under this section to be granted
such a licence.
(2) A licence granted under the preceding sub-section (or renewed under this
sub-section) may be renewed for a term of not more than twelve months
on application made by the holder of the licence prior to expiry of the
licence, where the Commission is satisfied that such person is qualified
under this section to be granted such a licence.
(3) No person shall be entitled to apply for or to hold a licence as a surveyor
under this Ordinance unless the following conditions are fulfilled at the
date of the application and at all times during which the licence is held:
(a) the person is a company with a prescribed minimum share
capital;
(b) the person carries professional indemnity insurance at such
level as may be prescribed;
(c) reports issued in respect of surveys conducted by the
person are signed by natural persons, registered under
section 113 as authorised surveying officers;
(d) reports issued in respect of surveys conducted by the
person contain such information and comply with such
conditions as may be prescribed;
(e) the person is a member of such approved professional
association as may be prescribed; and
(f) the person complies with such other conditions as may be
prescribed:
Provided that a person, including a firm, who or which was,
immediately prior to the commencement date, the holder of a
certificate of registration under section 44A(4) of the repealed Act,
shall be exempt, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed,
from compliance with the conditions set out in this subsection.
Provided further that the application of such exemption to a
person shall cease permanently and immediately on that person
ceasing to hold such a certificate or to hold a licence issued under
this section in renewal of such a certificate.
Provided further that such exemption shall cease permanently
and absolutely at the expiry of five years from the commencement
date, from which date no firm and no natural person shall be
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licensed as a surveyor.
Provided further that such exemption shall not be available to
any person in respect of the requirement for a licence to act as an
insurance surveyor in a class of insurance surveying for which a
certificate of registration under section 44A(4) of the repealed Act
was not held by such person as at the commencement date.
(4) An application for a licence or for renewal of a licence under this section
shall contain such information and be accompanied by such documents as
may be prescribed.
(5) A person licensed as a surveyor who becomes aware that he has ceased,
or is about to cease, to comply with any condition of that licence shall,
within one week of becoming aware of such non-compliance, notify the
Commission of the circumstances surrounding such non-compliance, and
his licence shall stand suspended as at the date falling one week after the
date on which he became aware, or should reasonably have become
aware, of the non-compliance. Such suspension of a licence shall
continue until the Commission is satisfied that the person has taken such
action as the Commission believes on reasonable grounds to be necessary
to remove the causes of the non-compliance, or until the term of the
licence expires, whichever is earlier.
(6) If the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that a licensed
surveyor has failed to comply, or has ceased to comply, with a condition
of his licence, the Commission may by notice to the licensed surveyor of
not less than two weeks cancel that licence.
Provided that a licence shall not be cancelled under this sub-section
without giving the holder of the licence an opportunity to be heard.
(7) A person who purports to act as a licensed surveyor during the period
during which his licence is suspended, or following cancellation of his
licence, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding one million rupees.

113. Registration of authorised surveying officers.- (1) The Commission
may, on application by a person, register that person for a term of not
more than twelve months as an authorised surveying officer, where the
Commission is satisfied that such person is qualified to be registered
under this section.
(2) Registration granted under the preceding sub-section (or renewed under
this sub-section) may be renewed for a term of not more than twelve
months on application made by the person registered prior to expiry of
registration, where the Commission is satisfied that the person is
qualified under this section to be so registered.
(3) No person shall be entitled to apply to be registered, or to be or remain
registered, as an authorised surveying officer unless the following
conditions are fulfilled at the date of the application and at all times
during which the person is registered –
(a) the person is a natural person;
(b) the person is a director, officer or employee of a company
licensed as a surveyor under this Ordinance; and
(c) the person has such qualifications as may be prescribed:
Provided that a natural person who was, immediately prior to
the commencement date, the holder of a certificate of registration
under section 44A(4) of the repealed Act, shall be deemed, subject
to such conditions as may be prescribed, to possess the
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qualifications required under clause (c) of this sub-section.
Provided further that the application of the first proviso to this
sub-section to a person shall cease permanently and immediately
on that person ceasing to hold such a certificate or to be registered
under this section on renewal of such a certificate.
Provided further that the first proviso to this sub-section shall
cease to apply permanently and absolutely at the expiry of five
years from the commencement date.
Provided further that the first proviso to this sub-section shall
not apply to any person in respect of the requirement for
registration under this Ordinance as an authorised surveying
official in a class of insurance surveying for which a certificate of
registration under section 44A(4) of the repealed Act was not held
as at the commencement date.
.
(4) An application for registration or for renewal of registration under this
section shall contain such information and be accompanied by such
documents as may be prescribed.
(5) A person registered as an authorised surveying officer who becomes
aware that he has ceased, or is about to cease, to comply with any
condition of that registration shall, within seven days of becoming aware
of such non-compliance, notify the Commission of the circumstances
surrounding such non-compliance, and his registration shall stand
suspended as at the date falling seven days from the date on which he
became aware, or should reasonably have become aware, of the noncompliance; and such suspension of a registration shall continue until the
Commission is satisfied that the person has taken such action as the
Commission believes on reasonable grounds to be necessary to remove
the causes of the non-compliance, or until the term of the registration
expires, whichever is earlier.
(6) If the Commission believes on reasonable grounds that an authorised
surveying officer has failed to comply, or has ceased to comply, with a
condition of his registration, the Commission may by notice to the
authorised surveying officer of not less than fourteen days cancel that
registration:

Provided that a registration shall not be cancelled under this subsection without giving the person concerned an opportunity to be heard.
(7) A person who purports to act as an authorised surveying officer during
the period when his registration is suspended, or following cancellation
of his registration, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction
to a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand rupees.

114. Classes of insurance surveying.- Surveyors and authorised surveying
officers may be classified into such classes or sub-classes as may be
prescribed, and, if so classified, separate application shall be made and
separate licences and certificates issued in respect of each such class or
sub-class.

PART XIV
SPECIAL PROVISIONS OF LAW
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115. Application of Pakistan law to policies issued in Pakistan.- The
holder of a policy of insurance issued by an insurer in respect of
insurance business transacted in Pakistan after the commencement of this
Ordinance shall have the right, notwithstanding anything to the contrary
contained in the policy or in any agreement relating thereto, to receive
payment in Pakistan of any sum secured thereby and to sue for any relief
in respect of the policy in any Tribunal; and if the suit is brought in
Pakistan any question of law arising in connection with any such policy
shall be determined according to the law in force in Pakistan:
Provided that nothing in this section shall apply to a policy of
marine insurance.

116. Payment of money into Tribunal.- (1) Where in respect of any policy
of life insurance maturing for payment an insurer is of opinion that by
reason of conflicting claims to or insufficiency of proof of title to the
amount secured thereby or for any other adequate reason it is impossible
otherwise for the insurer to obtain a satisfactory discharge for the
payment of such amount, the insurer may before the expiry of nine
months from the date of the maturing of the policy or, where the
circumstances are such that the insurer cannot be immediately aware of
such maturing, from the date on which notice of such maturing is given to
the insurer, apply to pay the amount into the Tribunal within the
jurisdiction of which is situated the place at which such amount is
payable under the terms of the policy or otherwise.
(2) A receipt granted by the Tribunal for any such payment shall be a
satisfactory discharge to the insurer for the payment of such amount.
(3) An application for permission to make a payment into the Tribunal under
this section shall be made by a petition verified by an affidavit signed by
a principal officer of the insurer setting forth the following particulars,
namely:-
(a) the name of the insured person and his address;
(b) if the insured person is deceased, the date and place of his
death;
(c) the nature of the policy and the amount secured by it;
(d) the name and address of each claimant so far as is known to
the insurer with details of every notice of claim received;
(e) the reasons why in the opinion of the insurer a satisfactory
discharge cannot be obtained for the payment of the
amount; and
(f) the address at which the insurer may be served with notice
of any proceeding relating to disposal of the amount paid
into the Tribunal.
(4) An application under this section shall not be entertained by the Tribunal
if the application is made before the expiry of six months from the
maturing of the policy by survival, or from the date of receipt of notice by
the insurer of the death of the person insured, as the case may be.
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(5) If it appears to the Tribunal that a satisfactory discharge for the payment
of the amount cannot otherwise be obtained by the insurer it shall allow
the amount to be paid into the Tribunal and shall invest the amount in
Government securities pending its disposal.
(6) The insurer shall transmit to the Tribunal every notice of claim received
after the making of the application under sub-section (3), and any
payment required by the Tribunal as costs of the proceedings or otherwise
in connection with the disposal of the amount paid into the Tribunal shall
as to the costs of the application under sub-section (3) be borne by the
insurer and as to any other costs be in the discretion of the Tribunal.
(7) The Tribunal shall cause notice to be given to every ascertained claimant
of the fact that the amount has been paid into the Tribunal, and shall
cause notice at the cost of any claimant applying to withdraw the amount
to be given to every other ascertained claimant.
(8) The Tribunal shall decide all questions relating to the disposal of claims
to the amount paid into the Tribunal.
117. Small Disputes Resolution Committees.- (1) The Federal Government
shall constitute one or more Small Disputes Resolutions Committees to
arbitrate disputes arising between an insurer and a policy holder.
(2) The constitution and procedure of the Committees shall be prescribed by
rules made by the Federal Government, and the Arbitration Act, 1940 (X
of 1940), or any re-enactment thereof shall not apply to such Committees.
(3) No person shall be appointed a member of the Committee if he has any
interest (as defined in sub-section (1) of section 16 of the SECP Act) in
the subject matter of the arbitration.
(4) The Committees shall only have jurisdiction in respect of life insurance
policies not being group life policies, domestic insurance policies and
private motor insurance policies in respect of claims the pecuniary value
of which shall be limited to a sum to be prescribed.
Provided that the Committees shall not have jurisdiction in respect
of claims made under private motor insurance policies for loss to
the policy holder arising from liabilities incurred to third parties
arising out of or in connection with the use of motor vehicles on
land, as specified in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939 (IV of 1939);.
118. Payment of liquidated damages on late settlement of claims.- (1) It
shall be an implied term of every contract of insurance that where
payment on a policy issued by an insurer becomes due and the person
entitled thereto has complied with all the requirements, including the
filing of complete papers, for claiming the payment, the insurer shall, if
he fails to make the payment within a period of ninety days from the date
on which the payment becomes due or the date on which the claimant
complies with the requirements, whichever is later, pay as liquidated
damages a sum calculated in the manner as specified in sub-section (2) on
the amount so payable unless he proves that such failure was due to
circumstances beyond his control.
Explanation: for the purposes of this sub-section, failure or delay
by any person in making payment (including without limitation
payment under a contract of reinsurance) to an insurer shall not
constitute circumstances beyond the control of the insurer.
(2) The liquidated damages payable under sub-section (1) shall be payable
81
for the period during which the failure continues and shall be calculated
at monthly rests at the rate five per cent higher than the prevailing base
rate.
119. Supply of copies of proposals and medical reports.- Every Insurer
shall, on application by a policy holder and on payment of such fee as
may be prescribed, supply to the policy holder certified copies of the
questions put to him and his answers thereto contained in his proposal for
insurance and in any medical report supplied in connection therewith.
120. Prohibition of business on dividing principle.- No insurer shall after
the commencement of the Ordinance, begin or carry on, any business
upon the dividing principle, that is to say, on the principle that the benefit
secured by a policy is not fixed but depends either wholly or partly on the
results of a distribution of certain sums amongst policies becoming
claims within certain time-limits, or on the principle that the premiums
payable by a policy holder depend wholly or partly on the number of
policies becoming claims within certain time-limits:
Provided that nothing in this section shall be deemed to
prevent an insurer from allocating bonuses to holders of
participating policies of life insurance in accordance with the
provisions of this Ordinance, either as reversionary additions to
the sums insured or as immediate cash bonuses or otherwise.
Provided further that nothing in this section shall apply to the
business of Takaful insurance carried on by an insurer in
accordance with laws established for the conduct of Takaful
business.

PART XV
INSURANCE TRIBUNAL
121. Constitution of the Tribunal.- (1) The Federal Government shall
constitute a Tribunal or Tribunals in consultation with the Commission
and shall in respect of each Tribunal so constituted specify the territorial
limits within which, or the class or classes of cases in respect of which
each such Tribunal shall exercise jurisdiction under this Ordinance:
Provided that the Federal Government may by notification in the
official Gazette confer all or any of the powers of the Tribunal on
any District or Additional District and Sessions Judge of an area
where for any reason it may not be expedient to constitute a
separate Tribunal, and in doing so the Federal Government shall
also specify the composition and pecuniary and territorial limits of
such a Tribunal.
(2) The Tribunal shall consist of a Chairperson who shall be a serving or
retired judge of the High Court and not less than two members being
persons of ability and integrity who have such knowledge or experience
of life insurance, non-life insurance, actuarial science, finance,
economics, law, accountancy, administration or other discipline as would,
in the opinion of the Federal Government, enable them to discharge the
duties and functions of members of the Tribunal.
(3) To constitute a sitting of a Tribunal the presence of the Chairperson and
at least one other member shall be necessary.
(4) A Tribunal shall not merely by reason of a change in its composition, or
the absence of any member from any sitting, be bound to recall and
rehear any witness who has given evidence, and may act on the evidence
82
already recorded by or produced before it.
(5) A Tribunal may hold its sitting at such places within its territorial
jurisdiction as the Chairperson may decide from time to time.
(6) No act or proceeding of a Tribunal shall be invalid by reason only of the
existence of a vacancy in, or defect in the constitution of the Tribunal.
122. Powers of Tribunal.- (1) A Tribunal shall:
(a) in the exercise of its civil jurisdiction, have in respect of a
claim filed by a policy holder against an insurance
company in respect of, or arising out of a policy of
insurance, all the powers vested in a civil Court under the
Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908);
(b) in the exercise of its criminal jurisdiction, try the offences
punishable under this Ordinance and shall, for this
purpose, have the same powers as are vested in the Court
of Sessions under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898
(Act V of 1898);
(c) exercise and perform such other powers and functions as
are, or may be, conferred upon, or assigned to it, by or
under this Ordinance; and
(d) in all matters with respect to which procedure has not been
provided for in this Ordinance, follow the procedure laid
down in the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of
1908) or the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of
1898) as the case may be.
(2) The jurisdiction of a Tribunal shall not extend to appeals to which
section 33 and section 34 of the SECP Act apply.

(3) No Court other than a Tribunal shall have or exercise any jurisdiction
with respect to any matter to which the jurisdiction of a Tribunal extends
under this Ordinance, including a decision as to the territorial limits and
the execution of a decree, order or judgment passed by a Tribunal:
Provided that for the purposes of this section a Small Claims
Settlement Committee established under section 117 shall not be
deemed to be a Court.

123. Procedure of the Tribunal.- (1) A Tribunal shall for the purpose of the
trial of an application, follow such procedure as may be prescribed and
have the same powers as are vested in a civil court trying a suit under the
Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908) in respect of:
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person
and examining him on oath;
(b) requiring the discovery and production of documents and
material objects;
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits; and
(d) issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or
documents.
(2) If, in the course of the trial of an application, any one of its members
ceases to hold office, or is, for any reason, unable to attend the sittings of
that Tribunal, the trial shall continue notwithstanding such vacancy, and
the decision may be given by the remaining members.
(3) If upon any matter requiring the decision of the Tribunal there is a
difference of opinion among its members, the opinion of the majority
shall prevail and the decision of that Tribunal shall be expressed in terms
of the view of the majority:
83
Provided that where the members are equally divided on any
point it shall be decided in accordance with the views of the
Chairperson.
(4) The decision of a Tribunal shall be given in writing and shall be signed
by the Chairperson.
(5) A Tribunal shall give a copy of the decision to each party to the dispute
and shall also forward a copy to the Commission.
(6) A Tribunal shall, upon an application made in this behalf by any party to
a dispute adjudicated by it and on payment of such fee not exceeding
one rupee for every one hundred words, and subject to such conditions,
as may be prescribed, furnish certified copies of its proceedings or of
any document submitted to or produced before it.
124. Appeal.- (1) Subject to the right of appeal conferred by sub-section (2)
hereof, the decision of the Tribunal on any application shall be final and
shall not be questioned in any Court or before any other authority.
(2) Any party aggrieved by a decision of the Tribunal may, if the amount of
the claim in dispute or the penalty prescribed, as the case may be, is not
less than one hundred thousand rupees, prefer an appeal to the High
Court within a period of thirty days from the date of such decision.
(3) An appeal under sub-section (2) shall be heard by a Bench of not less
than two judges of the High Court having territorial jurisdiction over the
relevant Tribunal.

PART XVI
INSURANCE OMBUDSMAN
125. Appointment of Insurance Ombudsman.- (1) As soon as may be, after
the commencement of this Ordinance, the Federal Government shall
appoint an Insurance Ombudsman.
(2) The Insurance Ombudsman shall be a natural person having high integrity
and ability and unimpeachable insurance or legal credentials, and shall not at
the date of his appointment be more than seventy years of age. He shall not
be a shareholder of an insurance company.
(3) The Insurance Ombudsman shall hold office for a period of four years from
the date of his appointment unless he resigns earlier or is disqualified or
removed in accordance with sub-section (2) or (3) of section 126. He shall
not be eligible for any extension of tenure or for reappointment under any
circumstances whatsoever.
(4) Any vacancy occurring in the office of the Insurance Ombudsman shall be
filled within sixty days of the occurrence of such vacancy.
(5) The Insurance Ombudsman shall not hold any other office of profit in the
service of Pakistan or occupy any other position carrying the right to
remuneration for the rendering of services, and shall not during the two
years immediately prior to his appointment have held any office in any body
corporate carrying on insurance business in Pakistan.
126. Terms and conditions of Insurance Ombudsman.- (1) The Insurance
Ombudsman shall be entitled to the same salary and allowances as a Judge
84
of a High Court.
(2) The Insurance Ombudsman may at any time resign his office by giving
written notice to the Commission of not less than three months.
(3) The Insurance Ombudsman shall be disqualified from holding his office and
his appointment may be revoked if:
(a) he has been convicted of an offence involving moral
turpitude;
(b) he has been guilty of misconduct;
(c) he has been or is adjudged insolvent;
(d) he is incapable of discharging his duties by reason of
physical, physiological or mental unfitness and has been so
declared by a registered medical practitioner appointed by the
Commission;
(e) he is disqualified by virtue of holding an office (other than
that of Insurance Ombudsman) for which he receives
remuneration; or
(f) he fails to discharge diligently or impartially his duties
under this Ordinance:
Provided that, unless a disqualification referred to in this subsection arises from the judgement or a court or tribunal of competent
jurisdiction under any relevant provision of applicable law, the
appointment of an Insurance Ombudsman shall not be revoked
without an enquiry by an impartial person or body of persons
constituted in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed
by rules made by the Federal Government, and such rules shall
provide for a reasonable opportunity for him to be heard in his
defence.
(4) The Insurance Ombudsman shall be provided with a secretariat to be
appointed in consultation with the Commission. Appointments to the
secretariat may be made on deputation from the Commission or other
insurance companies or otherwise on the basis of professional
qualifications. The costs of the secretariat shall be shared by insurance
companies in such proportions as may be determined by the Commission.
127. Jurisdiction, functions and powers of Insurance Ombudsman.- (1) The
Insurance Ombudsman may on a complaint by any aggrieved person
undertake any investigation into any allegation of mal-administration on the
part of any insurance company
Provided that the Insurance Ombudsman shall not have any
jurisdiction to investigate or inquire into any matters which –
(a) are within the jurisdiction of the Office of the Wafaqi
Mohtasib under the Establishment of the Office of Wafaqi
Mohtasib (Ombudsman) Order, 1983 (P.O. 1 of 1983) ; or
(b) are sub-judice before a court of competent jurisdiction or
tribunal or board in Pakistan on the date of the receipt of a
complaint, reference or motion by him.
(2) For the purposes of this section “mal-administration” includes –
(a) a decision, process, recommendation, act of omission or
commission which:
(i) is contrary to law, rules or regulations or is a departure
from established practice or procedure, unless it is
bona fide and for valid reasons; or
(ii) is perverse, arbitrary or unreasonable, unjust, biased,
oppressive, or discriminatory; or
85
(iii) is based on irrelevant grounds; or
(iv) involves the exercise of powers, or the failure or
refusal to do so, for corrupt or improper motives, such
as, bribery, jobbery, favouritism, nepotism and
administrative excesses; and
(b) corruption, nepotism, neglect, inattention, inordinate delay,
incompetence, inefficiency and ineptitude in the
administration or discharge of duties and responsibilities.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Insurance
Ombudsman shall not accept for investigation any complaint which is
brought by or on behalf of an insurance company and which relates to a
contract of reinsurance.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), the Insurance
Ombudsman shall not accept for investigation any complaint by or on behalf
of an employee of an insurance company concerning any matters relating to
the insurance company in respect of any personal grievance relating to his
service therein.
(5) For carrying out the objectives of this Ordinance and, in particular for
ascertaining the root causes of corrupt practices and injustice, the Insurance
Ombudsman may arrange for studies to be made or research to be conducted
and may recommend appropriate steps for their eradication.
128. Reference to Insurance Ombudsman by Court.- If at any time during the
pendency of a case, a Court or Tribunal trying a case relating to an insurance
company is of the opinion that the management of the insurance company
has prima facie acted in a mala fide manner, or in violation of insurance
rules and regulations, it may make reference to the Insurance Ombudsman
for inquiring into the matter and passing such order in accordance with the
provisions hereof as he may deem fit:
Provided that the making of a reference shall not prevent the Court or
Tribunal from deciding the claim before it on its merits.
129. Procedure for making complaints.- (1) A complaint shall be made on
solemn affirmation or oath in writing addressed to the Insurance
Ombudsman. The complaint shall set out the full particulars of the
transaction complained of and the name and address of the complainant.
(2) Prior to making a complaint the complainant shall intimate in writing to the
concerned insurance company his intention of filing a complaint and if the
insurance company either fails to respond, or makes a reply which is
unsatisfactory to the complaint, within a period of one month, the
complainant may file a complaint at any time thereafter within a further
period of thee months:
Provided that the Insurance Ombudsman may, if satisfied that there
were reasonable grounds for the delay in filing the complaint,
condone the delay and entertain the complaint.
(3) The Insurance Ombudsman may adopt any procedure as he considers
appropriate for investigating a complaint.
Provided that he shall not pass any order against a insurance
company without first giving it a notice and an opportunity to be
heard.
(4) Subject to section 128, the Insurance Ombudsman shall not have any power
to issue an order in the nature of a stay order or to entertain any complaints
if the matter is pending before a Court, Tribunal or other legal forum.
(5) The Insurance Ombudsman may reject a complaint summarily or he may
accept the same or pass any other order he deems fit.
86
Provided that in each case he shall pass a reasoned order for his
decision.
(6) The Federal Government may further prescribe rules for the conduct of
proceedings in relation to complaints brought before the Insurance
Ombudsman.
130. Recommendations for implementation.- (1) In the event the Insurance
Ombudsman comes to the conclusion that the complaint is justified, in part
or in whole, he shall try and facilitate an amicable resolution or settlement
by resort to mediation and failing that communicate his findings to the
concerned insurance company with the direction –
(a) to reconsider the matter;
(b) to modify or cancel the earlier decision, action or failure to
take appropriate action;
(c) to pay reasonable compensation to the complainant as fixed
by the Insurance Ombudsman;
(d) to take the requisite steps to improve the functioning or
efficiency of the insurance company; or
(e) to take such other remedial steps or actions as may be
specified by the Insurance Ombudsman.
(2) Any insurance company, or official of a insurance company or a
complainant aggrieved by an order passed by the Insurance Ombudsman
may file an appeal with the Commission within thirty days which shall pass
any order thereon it deems fit.
(3) Any order passed by the Insurance Ombudsman which has not been
appealed against, or any order passed by the Commission in appeal, as the
case may be, shall become final and operative and if not implemented shall
render the insurance company concerned liable to such action including the
imposition of a fine or penalty as the Commission may deem fit, and in
relation to a insurance company officer, to the appropriate disciplinary or
other proceedings.
(4) Nothing contained herein shall prevent a complainant from filing a suit
against an insurance company in the event his complaint is rejected.
131. Power to call for information.- The Insurance Ombudsman shall have the
power for purposes of disposing a case, to require an insurance company to
disclose to him any information subject to the following conditions,
namely:-
,
(a) the Insurance Ombudsman shall make every endeavour to
ensure that insurance confidentiality is maintained as required
by insurance law and procedure and shall take no action
which is violative thereof;
(b) the Insurance Ombudsman may call for any or all such
documents which are relevant or pertinent for purposes of
deciding a complaint;
Provided that he shall not be entitled to call for
unrelated documents which may compromise the insurance
company’s position in relation to other customers;
Provided further that in cases where the Insurance
Ombudsman is investigating cases of corruption, he shall
have a greater latitude in relation to the inspection of
documents; and
(c) in the event of an insurance company refusing to furnish
information, or copies of relevant documents, the Insurance
Ombudsman may draw an adverse inference and comment on
the same in his findings.
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132. Duties of insurers.- (1) An insurer shall at all times co-operate with the
Insurance Ombudsman and with any person properly authorized by him, in
the conduct of an investigation by the Insurance Ombudsman into a
complaint which has been brought before him.
(2) An insurer that obstructs, through its wilful act or failure to act, any
investigation by the Insurance Ombudsman shall be guilty of an offence.

133. Duty and power of the Insurance Ombudsman to report to the
Commission.- (1) Where the Insurance Ombudsman has reason to believe
during the course of his investigation into a complaint brought before him,
or finds as a result of his investigation that an insurer has –
(a) failed to comply with this Ordinance; or
(b) failed to act in good faith; or
(c) acted in such a manner as to bring the insurance industry into
disrepute;
he shall make a report on that matter to the Commission in such manner as
the Commission may prescribe.
(2) The Insurance Ombudsman may make a report to the Commission on any
matter arising from his investigation into a complaint brought before him, in
which he deems it fit or proper to do so.
(3) The Insurance Ombudsman may, in a report made under sub-section (1) or
under sub-section (2), make recommendations as to action to be taken,
including without limitation an investigation by the Commission, or the
taking of the requisite steps or legal proceedings against an insurance
company which has acted in violation of insurance laws, rules, regulations,
procedures, or directives of the Commission.
134. Report of Insurance Ombudsman.- (1) The Insurance Ombudsman shall
prepare and submit to the Federal Government on or before the 31st March
in every year following the commencement date a report setting out a
review of the activities of his office during the preceding year.
(2) The Insurance Ombudsman shall also submit a report or reports to the
Federal Government containing the results of such inquiries as he may be
directed to conduct by the Federal Government from time to time.
(3) All reports submitted by the Insurance Ombudsman shall be published and
released to the public unless he directs otherwise for reasons to be recorded.

PART XVII
APPOINTMENT OF ADMINISTRATORS
135. When Administrator for management of insurance business may be
appointed.- (1) If at any time the Commission has reason to believe that
an insurer carrying on insurance business is acting in a manner likely to
be prejudicial to the interest of holders of insurance policies it may, after
giving an opportunity to the insurer to be heard, appoint an Administrator
to manage the affairs of the insurer under the direction and control of the
Commission.
(2) The Administrator shall receive such remuneration as the Commission
may prescribe and the Commission may at any time cancel the
appointment and appoint some other person as Administrator.
(3) The management of the business of the insurer shall as on and after the
date of appointment of the Administrator vest in such Administrator but
except with the leave of the Commission the Administrator shall not issue
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any further policies.
(4) As on and after the date of appointment of the Administrator any person
vested with any such management immediately prior to that date shall be
divested of that management.
(5) The Commission may issue such directions to the Administrator as to his
powers and duties as the Commission deems desirable in the
circumstances of the case, and the Administrator may apply to the
Commission at any time for instructions as to the manner in which he
shall conduct the management of the business of the insurer or in relation
to any matter arising in the course of such management.
136. Powers and duties of the Administrator.- (1) The Administrator shall
conduct the management of the business of the insurer with the greatest
economy compatible with efficiency and shall, as soon as may be
possible, file with the Commission a report stating his opinion as to
which of the following courses is in the circumstances most advantageous
to the general interest of the holders of insurance policies:-
(a) the transfer of the business of the insurer to some other
insurer;
(b) the carrying on of its business by the insurer (in case of life
insurance business whether with the policies of the
business continued for the original sum insured with the
addition of the bonuses that attach to the policies or for
reduced amounts);
(c) the winding up of business of the insurer; or
(d) such other course as he deems advisable.
(2) On the filing of the report with the Commission, the Commission may
take such action, not inconsistent with the other provisions of this
Ordinance, as it thinks fit for promoting the interest of the holders of
insurance policies in general.
(3) Any order passed by the Commission under sub-section (2) shall be
binding on all persons concerned, and shall have effect notwithstanding
anything in the Memorandum or Articles of Association of the insurer, if
a company.
137. Powers of Administrator respecting property liable to attachment
under section 160.- (1) If the Administrator is satisfied that any person
has rendered himself liable to be proceeded against under section 146, he
may, pending the institution of proceedings against such person under
that section, by order in writing prohibit him or any other person from
transferring or otherwise disposing of any property which, in the opinion
of the Administrator, would be liable to attachment in proceedings under
that section.
(2) Any person aggrieved by an order made by the Administrator under subsection (1) may, within fourteen days from the date on which the order is
served on him, appeal against such order to the Tribunal.
(3) An order made by the Administrator under sub-section (1) shall, subject
to any order made by the Tribunal on appeal, be in force for a period of
three months from the date of the order unless before the expiry of the
said period, an application is made under sub-section (1) of section 160 to
the Court competent to exercise jurisdiction under that sub-section, and
when such an application is made, the order shall, subject to any order
made by the Court, continue in force as if it were an order of attachment
made by that Court in proceedings under that section.
(4) An order made by the Administrator under this section shall
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(a) in the case of an order affecting a corporation or firm, be
served in the manner provided for the service of summons
in rule 2 of Order XXIX or rule 3 of the Order XXX, as the
case may be, in the First Schedule to the Code of Civil
Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), and
(b) in the case of an order affecting a person not being a
corporation or firm, be served on such person,
(i) personally, by delivering or tendering to him the
order, or
(ii) by post, or
(iii) where the person cannot be found, by leaving a copy
of the order with some adult male member of his
family or by affixing such copy to some
conspicuous part of the premises in which he is
known to have last resided or carried on business or
personally worked for gains, and every such order
shall also be published in the official Gazette.
(5) If any question arises whether a person was duly served with an order
under sub-section (4) the publication of the order in the official Gazette
shall be conclusive proof that the order was so served, and a failure to
comply with the provisions of clause (a) or clause (b) of sub-section (4)
shall not affect the validity of the order.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in this section, any property in
respect of which an order has been made by the Administrator may, with
the previous permission of the Administrator and subject to such terms
and conditions as he may impose, be transferred or otherwise disposed of.
(7) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being
in force, the transfer or other disposition of any property in contravention
of any order made by the Administrator under this section or of any terms
and conditions imposed by him shall be void.
(8) For the purpose of enabling him to form an opinion as to whether any
property would be liable to attachment in proceedings under section 160
or for the purpose of enabling him to institute proceedings under that
section, the Administrator may require any person to furnish information
on such points or matters as, in the opinion of the Administrator may be
relevant for the purpose, and any person so required shall be deemed to
be legally bound to furnish such information within the meaning of
section 176 of the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860).
(9) The Administrator shall have all the powers of a civil court under the
Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (Act V of 1908), while trying a suit in
respect of the following matters, namely:-
(a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of witnesses and
examining them on oath;
(b) requiring the production of documents; and
(c) receiving evidence on affidavits;
and any proceeding before the Administrator under this section shall be
deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of section 193 and
228 of the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860)..
(10) Save as provided in this section or in section 160, and notwithstanding
anything contained in any other law for the time being in force –
(a) no suit or other legal proceeding shall lie in any Court to
set aside or modify any order of the Administrator or the
Federal Government made under this section; and
(b) no Court shall pass any decree, grant any injunction or
make any other order which shall have the effect of
nullifying or affecting in any way any such order.
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138. Cancellation of contracts and agreement.- The Administrator may, at
any time during the continuance of his appointment with respect to any
insurer and after giving an opportunity to the persons concerned to be
heard, cancel or vary (either unconditionally or subject to such conditions
as he thinks fit to impose) any contract or agreement (other than a policy)
between the insurer and any other person which the Administrator is
satisfied is prejudicial to the interests of holders of insurance policies.
139. Termination of appointment of Administrator.- If at any time it
appears to the Commission that the purpose of the order appointing the
Administrator has been fulfilled or that for any reason it is undesirable
that the order of appointment should remain in force, the Commission
may cancel the order and thereupon the Administrator shall be divested of
the management of the insurance business which shall, unless otherwise
directed by the Commission, again vest in the person in whom it was
vested immediately prior to the date of appointment of the Administrator.
140. Finality of decision of appointing Administrator.- Any order or
decision of the Commission made in pursuance of section 135 or section
139 shall be final and shall not be called in question in any Court or
Tribunal.
141. Penalty for withholding document or property from Administrator.-
If any director or officer of the insurer or any other person fails to deliver
to the Administrator any books of account, registers or any other
documents in his custody relating to the business of the insurer the
management of which has vested in the Administrator, or retains any
property of such insurer, he shall be punishable with imprisonment which
may extend to six months, or with fine which may extend to one million
rupees, or with both.
142. Protection of action taken under sections 135 to 139.- (1) No suit,
prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against an Administrator
for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done in
pursuance of section 135, section 136, section 137 or section 138.
(2) No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Commission for any
damage caused or likely to be caused by anything which is in good faith
done or intended to be done under section 135, section 136 or section
139.

PART XVIII
WINDING UP
143. Winding up by the Court.- (1) The Court may order the winding up in
accordance with the Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), of
any insurance company and the provisions of that Ordinance shall,
subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, apply accordingly.
(2) The Court may, provided that it is satisfied that such order is in the
interests of the policy holders of the company, order the winding up of an
insurance company:
(a) on the grounds set out in section 305 of the Companies
Ordinance 1984 (XLVII of 1984), but subject always to the
provisions of this Ordinance;
(b) if with the sanction of the Court previously obtained a
petition in this behalf is presented by shareholders not less
in number than one-tenth of the whole body of
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shareholders and holding not less than one-tenth of the
whole share capital or by not less than fifty policy holders
holding participating policies of life insurance other than
paid up policies, that have been in force for not less than
three years and have a total sum insured, including bonuses
added to the sum assured of not less than fifty million
rupees; or
(c) if the Commission, who is hereby authorised to do so,
applies in this behalf to the Court on any of the following
grounds, namely:-
(i) that the company having failed to comply with any
requirement of this Ordinance has continued such
failure or having contravened any provision of this
Ordinance has continued such contravention for a
period of three months after notice of such failure or
contravention has been conveyed to the company by
the Commission;
(ii) that it appears from the returns furnished under the
provisions of this Ordinance, or from the results of
any investigation made thereunder, or from a report
made by any Administrator appointed thereunder
that the company is insolvent; or
(iii) that the continuance of the company is prejudicial to
the interests of the policy holders.
(3) An insurance company in respect of which a winding up order is made
shall immediately cease to enter into new contracts of insurance, whether
in life or non-life insurance.
(4) All contracts of non-life insurance issued by an insurer which are in force
at the date of an order for the winding up of the insurer, shall stand
cancelled as at the date of the order or at such later date as may be
specified in the order.
144. Voluntary winding up.- Notwithstanding anything contained in the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), an insurance company
shall not be wound up voluntarily unless it has first transferred or
otherwise made provision for the settlement of its liabilities incurred
under insurance contracts, and its registration has been revoked.
145. Court may order continuation of life insurance business.- (1) The
liquidator of an insurer carrying on life insurance shall, if the Court so
orders, carry on the life insurance business, or the life insurance business
carried on in any one or more statutory funds, of the insurer with a view
to its being transferred as a going concern to another insurer (being a
company) registered under this Ordinance, whether an existing company
or a company formed for that purpose.
(2) If an order is given under sub-section (1), and has not been revoked, each
statutory fund to which the order applies shall be considered for the
purposes of the liquidation to constitute a single asset of the insurer, and
no assets of any such statutory fund shall be applied in the winding up of
the insurer, neither shall any liabilities of any such statutory fund share in
any distribution of assets upon winding up.
(3) In carrying on the life insurance business in any statutory fund of an
insurer in accordance with an order of a Court under sub-section (1), the
liquidator may, subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, agree to the
variation of any contracts of insurance in existence when the winding up
order is made but shall not effect any new contracts of insurance.
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146. Court may appoint special manager of life insurance business.- (1) If
the liquidator of a life insurer is satisfied that the interests of
policyholders require the appointment of a special manager of the
insurer’s life insurance business, he may make application to the Court to
appoint a special manager.
(2) The Court may, on an application made under sub-section (1), appoint a
special manager of the insurer’s life insurance business to act during such
time as the Court may direct, with such powers, including any of the
powers of a receiver or manager, as may be entrusted to him by the
Court.
147. Court may appoint independent actuary.- (1) The Court may, on the
application of the liquidator, of a special manager appointed under
section 146 or of the Commission, appoint an actuary (not being the
insurer’s appointed actuary at any time during the five years prior to the
insurer entering into liquidation) to investigate the life insurance business
of the insurer according to such scope as the Court shall direct, but
including without limitation:
(a) the desirability or otherwise of that business being
continued; and
(b) any reduction in the contracts made in the course of
carrying on that business that may be necessary for its
successful continuation.
(2) An actuary appointed under sub-section (1) shall report to the liquidator,
the special manager or to the Court and within such time as the Court
may direct, on any investigation conducted by the actuary pursuant to this
section.
148. Powers of Court to reduce contracts of life insurance.- (1) Where an
insurer is in liquidation, the Court may make an order reducing the
amount of the insurance contracts of the insurer upon such terms and
subject to such conditions as the Court believes to be in the interests of
the policy holders of the insurer.
(2) This section applies also to the business of a statutory fund of a life
insurer which is being carried on by a liquidator pursuant to an order
made by the Court under section 145.
(3) An application for an order under this section may be made either by the
liquidator, or by or on behalf of the company or by a policy holder, or by
the Commission; and the Commission and any person whom the Court
thinks likely to be affected shall be entitled to be heard on any such
application.
149. Commission empowered to apply for directions.- (1) The Commission
may apply to the Court for directions regarding any matter arising in
connection with or upon the winding-up of an insurer.
(2) Before making an application under sub-section (1), the Commission
shall give the liquidator and the special manager (if any) written notice of
that proposed application, including details of the proposed application.
(3) The liquidator and the special manager shall be entitled to be heard on the
application.
150. Commission entitled to notice and hearing.- (1) Before making an
application to the Court in relation to a matter arising in connection with
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or upon the winding-up of an insurer, a liquidator or a special manager
shall give the Commission not less than fifteen days written notice of that
proposed application, including details of the proposed application.
(2) The Commission shall be entitled to be heard on the application.
151. Commission entitled to obtain information.- (1) The Commission may
in writing request a liquidator or a special manager to provide such
information as the Commission may deem necessary, in relation to the
winding up of an insurer.
(2) The liquidator or special manager shall comply with the request within
fifteen days or, such further period as the Commission shall, on
application made to it for extension of time for providing such
information, grant.
152. Determination of insurance liabilities.- (1) This section shall not apply
to the life insurance business of a statutory fund of a life insurer in
respect of which an order has been made by the Court under section 145
to continue that business, and that order has not been revoked.
(2) In the winding up of an insurer the liquidator shall –
(a) by examination of the books and records of the insurer,
identify persons appearing by those books and records to
be entitled to or interested in the policies granted by the
insurer
(b) determine the value of the liability of the insurer to each
such person; and
(c) give notice of such value to those persons in such manner
as the Court may direct.
(3) A determination under clause (b) of subsection (2) shall be made in
accordance with the directions of the Court.
(4) In giving directions under sub-section (3) the Court shall, and in making
the determination under the clause (b) of sub-section (2) the liquidator
shall have regard to –
(a) the surrender value of life insurance contracts;
(b) the amount of surplus, if any, that has been allocated for
the benefit of participating life insurance policyholders;
and
(c) the premium paid, the pattern of risk and the length of the
unexpired portion of contracts of non-life insurance.
(5) Any person to whom notice is given under clause (c) of sub-section (2)
shall be bound by the value stated in that notice unless he gives notice of
his intention to dispute such value in such manner and within such time
as may be specified by applicable rules and failing which by an order of
the Court.

153. Application of statutory fund assets.- (1) This section, other than subsections (6) and (7), does not apply to a statutory fund of a life insurer in
respect of which an order has been made under section 145 to continue
the life insurance business of that statutory fund, and that order has not
been revoked.
(2) In the winding up of an insurance company carrying on life insurance
business, the assets and the liabilities of each statutory fund of the insurer
shall be ascertained separately from the value of the assets and liabilities
of each other statutory fund or of the shareholders’ fund.
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(3) Subject to this section, in the winding-up of a life insurer, the assets of a
statutory fund shall first be applied in accordance with section 405 of the
Companies Ordinance in discharging preferential payments given priority
under that section.
(4) Sub-section (3) shall have effect only to the extent that creditors of the
company which have statutory preference under section 405 of the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), in respect of liabilities
which are liabilities that are referable to the business of the statutory
fund.
(5) If any assets of the statutory fund remain after the application of
subsection (3), the assets shall be applied according to the following
rules,namely:-
(a) the assets shall be applied first in discharge of policy
liabilities of the insurer referable to the statutory fund;
(b) if any assets remain, they shall be applied in discharge of
other liabilities that are referable to the business of the
statutory fund;
(c) if, after the application of assets according to clauses (a)
and (b), any assets of the statutory fund remain, those
assets are to be applied in such manner as the Court directs;
(d) directions given for the purpose of clause (c) are to be such
directions as the Court considers equitable, having regard
in decreasing order of preference to:
(i) the interests of the holders of policies referable to
the statutory fund;
(ii) the interests of the holders of policies referable to
statutory funds of the insurer other than the statutory
fund;
(iii) the interests of creditors of the company other than
creditors of the statutory fund whose debts have not
been discharged by the application of assets
according to clause (b); and
(iv) the interests of shareholders of the company.
(6) If a liability of the company-
(a) is referable to two or more statutory funds (including a
statutory fund or funds referred to in sub-section (1)); or
(b) is referable in part to a statutory fund or statutory funds
(including in both cases a statutory fund referred to in subsection (1)) but is also related to the shareholders’ fund;
the liquidator may apportion the liability so as to determine the part of the
liability that is to be borne by each of the statutory funds or by the
statutory fund or funds and the shareholder’s fund, as the case may be on
a fair and equitable basis.
(7) In making an apportionment under subsection (6), the liquidator shall
comply with any directions of the Court.
(8) The part of the amount so determined in relation to a statutory fund is to
be treated as a liability of the insurer that is referable to the business of
the fund.
154. Winding up secondary companies.- (1) Where the insurance business
or any part of the insurance business of an insurance company has been
transferred to another insurance company under an arrangement in
pursuance of which the first mentioned company (in this section referred
to as the secondary company) or the creditors thereof has or have claims
against the company to which such transfer was made (in this section
referred to as the principal company) then, if the principal company is
95
being wound up by or under the supervision of the Court, the Court shall
(subject as hereinafter mentioned) order the secondary company to be
wound up in conjunction with the principal company and may be the
same or any subsequent order appoint the same person to be liquidator for
the two companies and make provision for such other matters as may
seem to the Court necessary with a view to the companies being wound
up as if they were one company.
(2) The commencement of the winding up of the principal company shall,
save as otherwise ordered by the Court, be the commencement of the
winding up of the secondary company.
(3) In adjusting the rights and liabilities of the members of the several
companies among themselves the Court shall have regard to the
constitution of the companies and to the arrangements entered into
between the companies in the same manner as the Court has regard to the
rights and liabilities of different classes of contributories in the case of
the winding up of a single company or as near thereto as circumstances
admit.
(4) Where any company alleged to be secondary is not in process of being
wound up at the same time as the principal company to which it is alleged
to be secondary, the Court shall not direct the secondary company to be
wound up, unless, after hearing all objections (if any) that may be urged
by or on behalf of the company against its being wound up, the Court is
of opinion that the company is secondary to the principal company and
that the winding up of the company in conjunction with the principal
company is just and equitable.
(5) An application may be made in relation to the winding up of any
secondary company in conjunction with the principal company by any
creditor of, or person interested in, the principal or secondary company.
(6) Where a company stands in the relation of a principal company to one
insurance company and in the relation of a secondary company to some
other insurance company or where there are several insurance companies
standing in the relation of secondary companies to one principal
company, the Court may deal with any number of such companies
together or in separate groups as it thinks most expedient upon the
principle laid down in this section.
155. Return of deposits.- In the winding up of an insurer the liquidator shall
apply to the Court for an order for the return of the deposit made by the
insurer under section 29 and the Court shall on such application order a
return of the deposit subject to such terms and conditions as it shall
direct.
Provided that in the case of a deposit made under section 29 which
by virtue of this Ordinance is deemed to be an asset of a statutory
fund in respect of which an order has been made under section 145
to continue the life insurance business of that statutory fund and
that order has not been revoked, the Court shall not order the
return of that deposit.

PART XIX
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES
156. Penalty for default in complying with, or acting in contravention of
this Ordinance.- Except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance, any
insurer who makes default in complying with or acts in contravention of
any requirement of this Ordinance, and, where the insurer is a company,
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any director, or other officer of the company, who is knowingly a party to
the default, shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one
million rupees and, in the case of a continuing default, with an additional
fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees for every day during which
the default continues.
157. Penalty for transacting insurance business in contravention of
sections 5, 6 and 29.- (1) Any insurer or any person acting on behalf of
an insurer, who carries on any class of insurance business in
contravention of any of the provisions of sections 5, 6 and 29, or does any
one or more of the acts constituting the business of insurance in relation
to any insurance business carried on in contravention of any of the said
sections shall be punishable with fine which may extend to two million
rupees.
(2) Any person knowingly taking out a policy of insurance with any insurer
or person guilty of an offence under sub-section (1) shall be punishable
with fine which may extend to five hundred thousand rupees:
Provided that nothing in sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall
apply to the business of reinsurance between an insurer in Pakistan
and an insurer not having an office in Pakistan.
158. Penalty for false statement in document.- Except as otherwise
provided in this Ordinance, whoever, in any return, report, certificate,
balance-sheet or other document, required by or for the purposes of any
of the provisions of this Ordinance, wilfully makes a statement false in
any material particular, knowing it to be false, shall be punishable with
imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine
which may extend to one million rupees, or with both.
159. Wrongfully obtaining or withholding property.- Any director, or
other officer or employee of an insurer who wrongfully obtains
possession of any property of the insurer or having any such property in
his possession wrongfully withholds it or wilfully applies it to purposes
other than those expressed or authorised by this Ordinance, shall, on the
complaint of the Commission made after giving the insurer not less than
fifteen days’ notice of its intention, or on the complaint of the insurer or
any member or any policy holder thereof, be punishable with fine which
may extend to one million rupees and may be ordered by the Court trying
the offence to deliver up or refund within a time to be fixed by the Court
any such property improperly obtained or wrongfully withheld or wilfully
misapplied and in default to suffer imprisonment for a period not
exceeding two years.
(2) For the purposes of this section, property of a life insurance statutory
fund maintained by an insurer is property of that insurer.
160. Power of Tribunal to order restoration of property of insurer or
compensation in certain cases.- (1) If, on the application of the
Commission or an Administrator appointed under section 135 or an
insurer or any policy holder or any member of an insurance company or
the liquidator of an insurance company (in the event of the insurance
company being in liquidation), the Tribunal is satisfied:
(a) that any insurer (including in any case where the insurer
is an insurance company any person who has taken part
in the promotion or formation of the insurance company
or any past or present director, managing agent,
manager, secretary or liquidator) or any officer,
employee or agent of the insurer, –
(i) has misapplied or retained or become liable or
become accountable for any money or property of
the insurer; or
97
(ii) has been guilty of any misfeasance or breach of
trust in relation to the insurer; or
(b) that any person, whether he is or has been in any way
connected with the affairs of the insurer or not, is in
wrongful possession of any money or property of the
insurer or having any such money or property in his
possession wrongfully withholds it or has converted it
to any use other than that of the insurer;
the Tribunal may examine any such insurer, director, managing agent,
manager, secretary or liquidator or any such officer, employee or agent of
the insurer or such other person, as the case may be, and may compel him
to contribute such sums to the assets of the insurer by way of
compensation in respect of the misapplication, retainer, misfeasance or
breach of trust as the Tribunal thinks fit, or to pay such sum as may be
found due from him in respect of any money or property of the insurer for
which he is liable or accountable or to restore any money or property of
the insurer or any part thereof, as the case may be; and the Tribunal shall
have power to order the payment of damages at such rate and from such
time as specified in section 118 or as the Tribunal may otherwise deem
fit.
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in sub-section (1) or subsection (3), where it is proved that any money or property of an insurer
has disappeared or has been lost, the Tribunal shall presume that every
person in charge of, or having a disposing power over, such money or
property at the relevant time (whether a director, manager, principal
officer or any other officer) has become accountable for such money or
property within the meaning of sub-clause (i) of clause (a) of sub-section
(1), and the provisions of that sub-section shall apply accordingly, unless
such person demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Tribunal that the
money or property has been utilised or disposed of in the ordinary course
of the business of the insurer and for the purpose of that business and in
accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance, or that he took all
reasonable steps to prevent the disappearance or loss of such money or
property or otherwise satisfactorily accounts for such disappearance or
loss.
(3) Where the insurer is an insurance company and any of the acts referred to
in clauses (a) or (b) of sub-section (1) has been committed by any person,
every person who was at the relevant time a director, managing agent,
manager, liquidator, secretary or other officer of the insurance company
shall, for the purposes of that sub-section be deemed to be liable for that
act in the same manner and to the same extent as the person who has
committed the act, unless he proves that act was committed without his
consent or connivance and was not facilitated by any neglect or omission
on his part.
(4) For the purposes of this section, money or property of an insurer includes
money or property of a life insurance statutory fund maintained by that
insurer, and any sum paid to or money or property restored to or
liquidated damages paid to an insurer in accordance with sub-section (1)
which relate to the money or property of a statutory fund shall be applied
to that statutory fund.

(5) Where at any stage of the proceedings against any person under this
section (hereinafter referred to as the delinquent), the Tribunal is satisfied
by affidavit or otherwise:-
(a) that a prima facie case has been made out against the
delinquent; and
(b) that it is just and proper so to do in the interest of the policy
holders of an insurer or of the members of an insurance
company,
98
the Tribunal may direct the attachment of:-
(i) any property of the insurer in the possession of the
delinquent;
(ii) any property of the delinquent which belongs to him
or is deemed to belong to him within the meaning of
sub-section (6); or
(iii) any property transferred by the delinquent within
two years before the commencement of proceedings
under sub-section (1) or during the pendency of
such proceedings, if the Tribunal is satisfied by
affidavit or otherwise that the transfer was otherwise
than in good faith and for consideration.
(6) For the purposes of sub-section (5), the following classes of property
shall be deemed to belong to a delinquent:-
(a) any property standing in the name of any person which by
reason of the person being connected with the delinquent,
whether by way of relationship or otherwise, or on account
of any other relevant circumstances appears to belong to
the delinquent ;
(b) the property of a private company in respect of the affairs
of which the delinquent, by himself or through his
nominees, relatives, partners or persons interested in any
shares of the company is able to exercise or is entitled to
acquire control, whether direct or indirect.
Explanation. For the purposes of this section a person shall be deemed to
be a nominee of a delinquent, if, whether directly or indirectly, he
possesses on behalf of the delinquent, or may be required to exercise on
the direction or on behalf of the delinquent, any right or power which is
of such a nature as to enable the delinquent to exercise or to entitle the
delinquent to acquire control over the company’s affairs.
(7) Any claim to any property attached under this section or any objection to
such attachment shall be made by an application to the Tribunal and it
shall be for the claimant or objector to adduce evidence to show that the
property is not liable to attachment under this section, and the Tribunal
shall proceed to investigate the claim or objection in a summary manner.
(8) When disposing of an application under sub-section (1), the Tribunal
shall, after giving all persons who appear to it to be interested in any
property attached under this section an opportunity of being heard, make
such order as it thinks fit respecting the disposal of any such property for
the purpose of effectively enforcing any liability under this section, and
all such persons shall be deemed to be parties to the proceedings under
this section.
(9) In any proceedings under this section the Tribunal shall have full powers
and exclusive jurisdiction to decide all questions of any nature
whatsoever arising thereunder and in particular, with respect to any
property attached under this section and no other Tribunal shall have
jurisdiction to decide any such question in any suit or other legal
proceeding.
(10) In making any order with respect to the disposal of the property of any
private company referred to in clause (b) of sub-section (6), the Tribunal
shall have due regard to the interests of all persons interested in such
property other than the delinquent and persons referred to in that clause.
(11) This section shall apply notwithstanding that the act is one for which the
person concerned may be criminally liable.
99
(12) In proceedings under this section the Tribunal shall have all the powers
which a Court has under section 418 of the Companies Ordinance, 1984
(XLVII of 1984).
(13) The Tribunal entitled to exercise jurisdiction under this section shall be
the Tribunal within whose jurisdiction the registered office of the insurer
is situate and any proceedings under this section pending immediately
before the commencement of this Ordinance in any Court shall, on such
commencement, stand transferred to the Tribunal.
(14) A Tribunal may, with the approval of the High Court exercising territorial
jurisdiction over it, make rules providing for-
(a) the manner in which enquiries and proceedings may be
held under this section; and
(b) any other matter for which provision has to be made for
enabling the Tribunal effectively to exercise its jurisdiction
under this section.
161. Notice to Commission and hearing.- (1) When application is made to
the Tribunal for the making of any order to which this section applies the
Tribunal shall, unless the Commission has itself made the application or
has been made a party thereto, send a copy of the application together
with intimation of the date fixed for the hearing thereof to the
Commission, and shall give the Commission an opportunity of being
heard.
(2) The orders to which this section applies are the following namely:-
(a) an order for the attachment in execution of a decree of any
deposit made under section 29;
(b) an order under section 155 for the return of any such
deposit;
(c) an order under section 69 sanctioning any arrangement for
the transfer or amalgamation of life insurance business or
any order consequential thereon; and
(d) an order for the winding up of an insurance company.
162. Previous sanction of Commission for institution of proceedings.- (1)
Except where proceedings are instituted by the Commission no
proceedings under this Ordinance against an insurer or any director,
manager or other officer of an insurer shall be instituted by any person
unless he has previous thereto obtained the sanction of the Commission
(which shall not unreasonably be withheld) to the institution of such
proceedings.
(2) Where the proceedings are not initiated by the Commission or the
Commission has not been made a party, the Tribunal shall before
proceeding further in the matter give notice to the Commission and shall
not proceed to hear and decide the matter without giving the Commission
the opportunity of participating in the proceedings and being heard.
163. Power of Court to grant relief.- If in any proceedings, civil or criminal,
it appears to the Court or the Tribunal hearing the case that a person is or
may be liable in respect of negligence, default, breach of duty or breach
of trust but that he has acted honestly and reasonably and that having
regard to all the circumstances of the case he ought fairly to be excused
for the negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust, the Court or
the Tribunal may relieve him either wholly or partly from his liability on
such terms as it may think fit.

PART XX
100
MISCELLANEOUS

164. Service of notices.- (1) Any process or notice required to be served on
an insurer shall be sufficiently served if addressed to any person
registered with the Commission as a person authorised to accept notices
on behalf of the insurer and left at, or sent by registered post to, the
address of such person as registered with the Commission.
(2) Any notice or other document which is by this Ordinance required to be
sent to any policy holder may be addressed and sent to the person to
whom notices respecting such policy are usually sent and any notice so
addressed and sent shall be deemed to be notice to be holder of such
policy:
Provided that, where any person claiming to be interested in a
policy as transferee, assignee or nominee has given to an insurer
notice in writing of his interest, any notice which is by this
Ordinance required to be sent to policy holders shall also be sent
to such person at the address specified by him in his notice.
165. Insurance of interests in Pakistan.- (1) The Federal Government may
make rules, not inconsistent with this Ordinance, imposing conditions on
the ability of any person to insure outside Pakistan any risk or part
thereof in respect of any property or interests which are located in
Pakistan at the time the insurance is effected.
(2) The Federal Government may make rules, not inconsistent with this
Ordinance, imposing conditions on the ability of any insurer to issue life
insurance policies denominated in currencies other than the Pakistan
Rupee to persons who are citizens of Pakistan and resident in Pakistan at
the time the insurance is effected.
166. Insurance of public property .- (1) This section applies to direct nonlife insurance of public property.
(2) In this section –
(a) “Company” means the National Insurance Company
Limited;
(b) “public property” means:
(i) any property, movable or immovable, which
belongs to, or the safety of which is the legal
responsibility of, –
(A) the Federal Government, a Provincial
Government or a local authority or statutory
corporation; or
(B) any company, firm, undertaking, institution,
organisation or other establishment which is
managed or controlled by the Federal or a
Provincial Government or local authority or
statutory corporation or in which such
Government, by itself or jointly with a local
authority or corporation or company
managed or controlled by it, holds a
controlling financial share or interest or
which is specified by the Federal
Government for the purposes of this clause;
and
(ii) a project financed out of an external loan, or with
external aid until it reaches:
(A) in the case of an industrial project, the stage
101
at which it is capable of commencing normal
production; and
(B) in the case of any other project, the stage at
which it is capable of being put to the use for
which it is intended; and
(c) “statutory corporation” means a body corporate, other than
a company, established or set up by the Federal
Government or a Provincial Government in pursuance of
any law.
(3) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (4) and (5), all insurance
business relating to any public property, or to any risk or liability
appertaining to any public property, shall be placed with the Company
only and shall not be placed with any other insurer:
Provided that marine, aviation and transport insurance relating to
goods the import of which is financed out of an external loan, or
with external aid, may, at the option of the importer, be placed
with any insurer authorised to carry out such insurance business in
the country giving the loan or aid.
(4) The Federal Government may –
(a) by order in writing exempt from compliance with subsection (3) any property or liability to which that subsection applies; or
(b) by notification in the official Gazette exclude from the
application of sub-section (3) such property or liability as is
specified in that notification.
(5) If the Company declares in writing that it is not able, by virtue of the
operation of a provision of this Ordinance or for any other reason, to
enter into a contract of insurance to which sub-section (3) refers, the
property or liability which is the subject of that proposed contract of
insurance shall be exempted from the provisions of sub-section (3) to the
extent of the insurance proposed to be obtained by means of that contract
of insurance.
(6) Any person who insures, and any insurer which accepts insurance of, any
property or liability, knowing such insurance to be in contravention of
sub-section (3), shall be guilty of an offence:
Provided that no person shall be in contravention of sub-section
(3) by reason only of that sub-section becoming applicable to
property or liability to which it was not applicable at the time that
a contract of insurance in respect of that property or liability was
taken out.
(7) The Federal Government may, by notification in the official Gazette,
make rules, regulations and notifications, not inconsistent with the
provisions of this Ordinance, for carrying out the purposes of this section.
(8) Rules, regulations and notifications, made under the authority of the
National Insurance Corporation Act 1976 for the purposes of section 10
of that Act and in force as at the commencement date, shall be deemed to
have been made under the provisions of the preceding sub-section and
shall apply mutatis mutandis except in so far as and to the extent that they
conflict with the provisions of this Ordinance.
(9) This section shall have effect until the earliest of the following dates:
(a) the effective date of a notification by the Federal
Government in the official Gazette that this section no
102
longer has effect;
(b) the effective date of a direction by the Commission to the
Company to cease entering into new contracts of insurance;
and
(c) the effective date at which the Federal Government ceases
to hold a controlling ownership interest in the Company.

PART XXI
RULES AND REGULATIONS
167. Power to make rules and regulations.- (1) The Federal Government
may, subject to the condition of previous publication by notification in
the official Gazette, make rules to carry out the purposes of this
Ordinance.
(2) The power of the Federal Government to make rules in respect of matters
expressly required in this Ordinance to be prescribed by the Commission,
shall be deemed to have been hereby delegated to the Commission, who
may, subject to the condition of previous publication by notification in
the official Gazette, and subject to the condition of previous approval by
the Board, make rules in respect of such matters and in respect of any
other matters which are required to be or may be prescribed under this
Ordinance, which the Federal Government may, in exercise of the power
hereby conferred, in writing, published in the Gazette, delegate to the
Commission.
(3) The powers of the Board and of the Commission to make regulations,
which is conferred by section 40 of the SECP Act, shall extend to the
making of such regulations as may be required to carry out the purposes
of this Ordinance.

PART XXII
REPEAL AND SAVINGS
168. Repeal – The Insurance Act, 1938 (IV of 1938) is hereby repealed.
169. Repealed Act to apply to certain insurers ceasing to enter into new
contracts before commencement of this Ordinance.- (1) Sections 28,
29, 36 of this Ordinance shall not apply to an insurer in relation to any
insurance business where such insurer has ceased, before the
commencement of this Ordinance, to enter into any new contracts of
insurance and notwithstanding the repeal of the repealed Act, the like
provisions of the repealed Act shall for so long as he continues to have
any liability under any such contracts, apply to such insurer and any
contracts written by him prior to the commencement date:
Provided that not later than one month after the commencement
date such insurer has given to the Commission notice of having
ceased to write new contracts and with such notice provides to the
Commission:
(a) details of all policies which remain in force as at the
commencement date;
(b) details of all claims reported to the insurer which have not
been fully and finally settled as at the commencement date;
(c) a statement of assets and liabilities in the form prescribed
103
as at a date not earlier than three months before the
commencement date;
(d) if the insurer carries on or has carried on non-life
insurance, a report certified by an actuary estimating the
ultimate settlement cost, inclusive of expenses of
settlement, of claims incurred by the insurer under non-life
insurance policies issued by it, whether or not reported, as
at the date to which the statement of assets and liabilities is
made up;
(e) if the insurer carries on or has carried on life insurance
business, a report in the form prescribed, certified by an
actuary, on the financial condition of the life insurance
business carried on by the insurer, as at the date to which
the statement of assets and liabilities is made up; and
(f) such other particulars as may be prescribed.
(2) An insurer to which sub-section (1) applies shall in each year submit to
the Commission, at the time it submits its annual statutory accounts,
statements as follows:
(a) details of all policies which remain in force as at 31st
December in the year to which the annual statutory
accounts relate; and
(b) details of all claims reported which have not been fully and
finally settled as at 31st December in the year to which the
annual statutory accounts relate.
(3) Within fifteen days of the insurer ceasing to have any policies in force, an
insurer to which sub-section (1) applies shall give notice to the
Commission to that effect and thereafter the insurer shall not be required
to submit the statement identified in clause (a) of sub-section (2).
(4) For the purposes of this section, a policy is in force as at a date if the
policy has not lapsed or been cancelled with effect on or before that date,
and either –
(a) the term stipulated in the policy during which premium is
to be paid has not expired, on or before that date; or
(b) the term stipulated in the contract during which an insured
event may occur has not expired, on or before that date.
(5) For the avoidance of doubt, a policy of life insurance which has been paid
up is a policy in force for the purposes of this section.
170. Savings.- (1) Nothing in this Ordinance shall affect the liability of an
insurer, being a company, to comply with the provisions of the
Companies Ordinance, 1984 (XLVII of 1984), in matters not otherwise
specifically provided for by this Ordinance.
(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Ordinance, nothing in this
Ordinance shall affect or be deemed to affect anything done,
investigation or proceedings commenced, order, rule, regulation,
appointment, document or agreement made, fee prescribed or
charged, resolution passed, direction given, proceedings taken, or
instrument executed or issued under or pursuant to the repealed Act or
any law amended or repealed by this Ordinance and any such thing,
action, investigation, proceedings, order, rule, regulation,
appointment, document or agreement, fee, resolution, direction,
proceedings or instrument shall, if in force at the commencement date
for this section and not inconsistent with any of the provisions of this
Ordinance, continue in force and have effect as if it had been
respectively done, taken, commenced, made, prescribed, charged,
directed, passed, given, executed or issued under this Ordinance or
any other laws as amended by this Ordinance.
104
(3) Save as otherwise provided in this Ordinance, all debts and obligations
incurred or contracts entered into or rights acquired and all matters and
things engaged to be done by, with or for the Federal Government under
or pursuant to the repealed Act before the commencement date shall be
deemed to have been incurred, entered into, acquired or engaged to be
done by, with or for the Commission, as the case may be.
(4) Until the establishment of a Tribunal or Tribunals under this Ordinance,
sections 47C to 47L both inclusive and section 110 of the repealed Act
shall continue to have effect in relation to the cases already filed or
pending before the Claims Settlement Board or Insurance Appellate
Tribunal and shall be determined and decided in according with the law
in force immediately before the commencement date.

(5) All suits and other legal proceedings instituted by or against the Federal
Government under or pursuant to the repealed Act before the
commencement date shall be deemed to be suits and proceedings by or
against the Commission as the case may be and may proceed and be dealt
with accordingly.

171. Exemptions.- (1) Nothing in this Ordinance shall apply to any insurance
business carried on by the Federal or by a Provincial Government.
(2) For the purposes of this section, insurance business carried on by a body
corporate shall not be deemed to be insurance business carried on by the
Federal or by a Provincial Government by virtue only of the fact that the
Federal or Provincial Government holds a controlling ownership interest
in the body corporate.
(3) Any provision in any other law which exempts an insurer to which this
Ordinance applies from compliance with this Ordinance or which
requires such an insurer to contravene this Ordinance shall be void to the
extent of that exemption or requirement.
172. Removal of difficulties.- If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the
provisions of this Ordinance, the Federal Government may, by
notification in the official Gazette, make such provision or order as may
appear to it to be necessary for the purpose of removing the difficulty:
Provided that the power conferred on the Federal Government by
this section shall not be exercised after two years from the
commencement date.
MUHAMMAD RAFIQ TARAR
PRESIDENT

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