history of insurance in Islam
Dr. Mohammad Hameedullah (1908-2002) was a well-known pupil who spent his lifestyles within the studies on the Quran, Ahadith, lifestyles of the Prophet and Islamic records. His books and papers at the Islamic history are a precious asset for the scholars of the history. Many universities of the Muslim global use his books as a reference.
He translated the Quran in French. masses of Europeans embraced Islam on his fingers. After completing his publish commencement from Osmania college, Hyderabad Deccan in regulation (MA, LLB), he finished his doctorate from Germany on global law and lived relaxation of his lifestyles in France preaching Islam in Europe.
the subsequent excerpts are taken from his famous “Khutbaate Bahawalpur” pages 56, fifty seven.
His studies establishes the fact that the insurance changed into practiced inside the duration of the Prophet (ﷺ).
it is a abnormal phenomenon that within the olden days the desires of these days’s life had been not existent. similarly, the wishes of the early days look absurd these days, however it is a truth. inside the early length, in the life of the Prophet Mohammad (ﷺ) there have been two important issues.
a person was sure to pay the blood money if he had dedicated a homicide undeliberately. the quantity of the blood money in step with the custom of that point, was once so high that hardly everybody could come up with the money for to pay. It changed into equal to a hundred camels. The fee of the camels can be imagined via this way: one camel is ideal for a full day meal of one hundred humans, so one hundred camels will sufﬁce for a hundred days, or, in different phrases, one guy’s full day meal for 10,000 days. It became too big ransom to be paid by using any normal man or woman until he become the pinnacle of the tribe or very rich. these incidents had been a recurring. consequently, a collective or cooperative coverage device become set up in order that the blood cash will be paid with the aid of the organisation no longer by using the killer on my own.
a person had to pay ransom cash (Fidya), if he came about to be captured by way of the enemy. This act doesn’t exist almost today. unless he paid the cost equal to one hundred camels, he had no risk to get loose. nearly, he might come to be a slave at the palms of the enemy. therefore, the coverage organisation needed to play its role to simply accept the duty to pay on his behalf.
The Prophet Mohammad (ﷺ) installed the units of “Mutual assist” or today’s insurance in each tribe of Madinah and instructed the devices to pay the blood money or ransom on behalf of the character of that tribe if that person turned into not able to pay. If the unit turned into incapable to pay the complete amount, it may ask help from other units. If all the gadgets didn’t collect the sum required, principal government would come forward to assist.
This changed into a special association made by using the Prophet Mohammad (ﷺ) registered in writing inside the charter. Getting written changed into an ofﬁcial responsibility and the constitution of Madinah too become written like Hadith.
any other crucial project became to rehabilitate the hundreds of migrants (Mohajir) from Makkah Al-Mukarramah. The Prophet Mohammad(ﷺ) rehabilitated them via “Mawakhaat (brotherhood)” i.e. one local will take one migrant as his brother and contend with his desires till he were given settled.
From the excerpts of the Khutbath it can rightly be construed that gadgets had been shaped to support such sufferers, who cannot have enough money heavy deets and fidyas. The gadgets have been of cooperative charity nature, like (nearby Baithul-maals).The “units” had been open to all terrible/rich, given that they had been Aamal-al-Khair. From those excerpts one can’t conclude that these charities were in the shape of insurance (these days’s insurance enterprise one has to shop for the coverage with specific situations and motive, and those
Agreed with Mr. Mohammed Ali. in the book “khutbat-e-bahawalpur”, it’s noted that the insurance device have to now not be of the benefits for the coverage corporations like we’ve in gift time however to assist the terrible human beings in case they have carried out a few incorrect or happened accidently